The Miljacka river originates from the Paljanska Miljacka river and the Mokranjska Miljacka river confluence, though the Paljanska Miljacka, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) long river, spring up around 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) eastward from the town of Pale, under the slopes of Jahorina near Begovina at 1010 metres a.s.l., and the Mokranjska Miljacka, 21 kilometres (13 mi) long river, spring up from a large cave, yet to be explored, near Kadino Selo village at 1,135 metres a.s.l. under the slopes of Romanija mountains.
The Miljacka is a rather small river, only 38 kilometres (24 mi) long with average discharge of 5.7 m³/s at the City of Sarajevo, and right tributary of the Bosna river. Hence the origin and the estuary, the Miljacka river flows from the east to the west.
Because of its poor discharge, the Miljacka is known for its peculiar smell and brown waters. Several famous bridges span it, including the Latin Bridge close to which the murder of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria by Gavrilo Princip was performed. Due to the shallowness of the 10 centimetres (3.9 in) deep river—as well as because of the ineffective cyanide pill he swallowed in his suicide attempt just after throwing a grenade against the archduke's car—the first assassin, Nedeljko Čabrinović leapt into the Miljacka, but he was dragged out alive and arrested.
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- Karl Baedeker (Firm) (1905). Austria-Hungary, Including Dalmatia and Bosnia. Original from the University of Michigan: K. Baedeker. p. 431.
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