Millard F. Caldwell
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|Millard Fillmore Caldwell|
|29th Governor of Florida|
January 2, 1945 – January 4, 1949
|Preceded by||Spessard Holland|
|Succeeded by||Fuller Warren|
|Born||February 6, 1897
|Died||October 23, 1984 (aged 87)
|Spouse(s)||Mary Harwood Caldwell|
Millard Fillmore Caldwell (February 6, 1897 – October 23, 1984) was an American politician. He was the 29th Governor of Florida (1945–1949) and served in all three branches of government at various times in his life, including as a U.S. Representative and Florida Supreme Court justice.
Caldwell was born in the rural area of Beverly, Tennessee, outside Knoxville. There he attended public schools and attended Carson-Newman College, the University of Mississippi, and the University of Virginia. During World War I, Caldwell enlisted in the U.S. Army on April 3, 1918. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, and was discharged on January 11, 1919.
In 1944, Caldwell was elected governor of Florida. Taking office in 1945, Caldwell's term is noted for his segregationist beliefs, as well as his support for road construction projects and the establishment of the Educational Minimum Foundation Program, which gave education funds to rural counties. One of the more colorful aspects of Caldwell's term came on August 10, 1945, during the surrender of Japan in World War II, when Caldwell issued a proclamation urging bars and other alcohol-selling establishments to close in order to prevent a frenzy of drunken celebration in the streets.
After leaving office in 1949, Caldwell was appointed the administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration by then-President Harry S. Truman in 1950. This appointment was opposed by the NAACP because of Caldwell's segregationist record. After leaving this post in 1952, Caldwell served as a justice – and later chief justice – on the State Supreme Court from 1962 to 1969.
See also 
- "Florida Governor Millard Fillmore Caldwell Jr.". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- "CALDWELL, Millard Fillmore, (1897 - 1984)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- "Millard Fillmore Caldwell". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Millard F. Caldwell at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Find A Grave
- National Governors Association
|United States House of Representatives|
Tom A. Yon
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 3rd congressional district
Robert L. F. Sikes
|Governor of Florida