|Population||359 (2011 census)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Moorabool|
Millbrook is a rural district in the state of Victoria, Australia, located 90 kilometres (56 mi) north west of Melbourne. It was formerly called "Moorabool" but the name was changed to avoid confusion with a locality near Geelong. The name "Millbrook" was adopted because of a flour mill erected by Matthew Butterly on the West Moorabool creek. At the time of the 2011 census, Millbrook had a population of 359, down from 550 in 2006, partly reflecting changing boundaries. The soil is volcanic and well-adapted to cereals, potatoes and grazing. The landscape is undulating and preserves remnants of the original open forest. The West Moorabool creek runs through the district. The earliest inhabitants of the area were the Wathaurong, and the Irish were prominent among its European settlers in the mid nineteenth century.
Groups of the Wathaurong people were the original inhabitants, and the first European settlers of the region were graziers known as the "Over-Straiters," who had originally come over Bass Strait from Van Diemen's Land in the 1830s. They were succeeded by small farmers, many of them Irish, who took advantage of the 1860 Land Act allowing free selection of Crown land, including that covered by pastoral leases.
The Moorabool region was rich in native flora and fauna when the European settlers arrived. Casualties of European settlement included kangaroos, dingos, bandicoots, native cats and several bird species. Koalas, possums and various species of parrots remain.
The Millbrook railway station and thirty four others were closed on 4 October 1981 because of a new timetable for country passengers in Victoria. A new 'high-speed service' between Melbourne and Ballarat was instituted, with the new line passing through Millbrook and over the West Moorabool. This involved the acquisition of land from neighbouring landowners, a cause of some controversy, particularly in view of claims that the lessening of travel time would be minimal. This service started on 22 December 2005.
The name of the local post office was changed from Moorabool Creek PO to Millbrook PO on 1 August 1879, and the office was closed on 31 July 1985.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Millbrook (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
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- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Millbrook (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2011, Millbrook (State Suburb) : http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/GL_VIC1678?opendocument&navpos=220. Retrieved 1 January 2014
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