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Millefleur or mille-fleur (French mille-fleurs, literally "thousand flowers") refers to a background made of many small flowers and plants. It was an especially popular motif in tapestry and other applied arts and crafts during the Middle Ages in Europe.
Mille-fleurs style was most popular in late 15th and early 16th century French and Flemish tapestry, with the best known examples including The Lady and the Unicorn and The Hunt of the Unicorn. The term is also used to describe Oriental rugs with a similar design, originally Persian but later produced in much of the Middle East and Mughal India – the medieval European style may have been influenced by Persian miniatures or carpets. Some outstanding examples of influences for this style of art can be seen in Umayyad architecture as in the Mshatta Facade and various floral stucco motifs found in the Hisham's Palace.
- Mille Fleur is a breed of Belgian chicken.
- Millefiori is the equivalent Italian term, also used in reference to mosaic and glass art.
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