Millen, Georgia

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Millen, Georgia
City
Location in Jenkins County and the state of Georgia
Location in Jenkins County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°48′N 81°57′W / 32.800°N 81.950°W / 32.800; -81.950Coordinates: 32°48′N 81°57′W / 32.800°N 81.950°W / 32.800; -81.950
Country United States
State Georgia
County Jenkins (since 1905)[1]
Settled 1835[1]
Incorporated 1881[1]
Named for McPherson B. Millen
Area
 • Total 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)
 • Land 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 167 ft (51 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,492
 • Density 970/sq mi (371.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30442
Area code(s) 478
FIPS code 13-51520[2]
GNIS feature ID 0356393[3]

Millen is a city in Jenkins County, Georgia, United States. The population was 3,492 at the 2000 census, a decline of 8.3% since 1990, during a decade in which the state's population grew by 26.4%.[4]

The city, centered near the intersection of U.S. Route 25 and State Route 17 and along the proposed Interstate 3, is the county seat of Jenkins County.[5]

History[edit]

Millen (originally named "79" due to its approximate distance from Savannah) was first settled in 1835 along the border of what was then Burke and Screven counties.[1]

In 1854 the Central of Georgia Railway and the Georgia Railroad connected at 79; subsequently the town became known as Millen's Junction after McPherson B. Millen, the superintendent of the Central of Georgia Railway.[1]

During the Civil War, a site for a prison camp to house Union soldiers was chosen just outside of Millen's Junction. Camp Lawton—also referred to as Fort Lawton—was built in what is today Magnolia Springs State Park; the location was favorable because the springs provided potable water and because of its proximity to the Augusta and Savannah Railroad. On December 3, 1864,[1] Sherman's March to the Sea passed through Millen. Prior to the arrival of Union forces, Confederate soldiers evacuated the Camp Lawton prisoners to Savannah. The presence of a prison camp and the proximity of a train depot led the Union soldiers to destroy Millen's Junction.[1]

The town was rebuilt after the war and in 1881 the city of Millen was incorporated by an act of the Georgia State Legislature, becoming the county seat of the newly created Jenkins County in 1905.[1]

The Downtown Millen Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996

Geography[edit]

Millen is located at 32°48′N 81°57′W / 32.800°N 81.950°W / 32.800; -81.950 (32.8055, -81.9422)[6], on the Ogeechee River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,492 people, 1,321 households, and 854 families residing in the city. The population density was 966.9 people per square mile (373.5/km²). There were 1,567 housing units at an average density of 433.9 per square mile (167.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.31% African American, 37.92% White, 0.17% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.06% Native American, 1.35% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.86% of the population.

There were 1,321 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.9% were married couples living together, 27.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 80.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $18,701, and the median income for a family was $23,423. Males had a median income of $25,792 versus $17,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,851, placing Millen among the poorest locations in the state. About 30.0% of families and 35.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.2% of those under age 18 and 28.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Jenkins County School District[edit]

The Jenkins County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of one elementary school, a middle school, and a high school.[7] The district has 119 full-time teachers and over 1,754 students.[8]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Millen". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "City of Millen". millen.georgia.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  8. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  9. ^ Barone, Michael; Ujifusa, Grant (1999). The Almanac of American Politics 2000. National Journal Group Inc. p. 483. 

External links[edit]