|Genre||Crime / Mystery novel|
|Publisher||Norstedts Förlag (Swedish)|
|Media type||Print (paperback, hardback)|
The Millennium series consists of three bestselling novels, originally written in Swedish, by the late Stieg Larsson (1954–2004). The two primary characters in the saga are Lisbeth Salander, a woman in her twenties with a photographic memory and poor social skills, and Mikael Blomkvist, an investigative journalist and publisher of a magazine called Millennium. Blomkvist, the character, has a history similar to Larsson, the author. Larsson planned the series as having ten installments, but due to his sudden death, only three were completed and published. They are:
- The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (Män som hatar kvinnor, literally, men who hate women) (2005)
- The Girl Who Played with Fire (Flickan som lekte med elden, literally, the girl who played with fire) (2006)
- The Girl Who Kicked the Hornets' Nest (Luftslottet som sprängdes, literally, the air castle that was blown up) (2007)
Origins and publication
Larsson, when he was 15 years old, witnessed the gang rape of a girl, which led to his lifelong abhorrence of violence and abuse against women. The author never forgave himself for failing to help the girl, which inspired the themes of sexual violence against women in his books.
In writing the series, Larsson was also influenced by two murders: Melissa Nordell, a model killed by her boyfriend, and Fadime Şahindal, a Swedish-Kurdish woman killed by her father. Both women were killed at the hands of men or as victims of honor crime. To Larsson, there was no difference, and the "systematic violence" against women highly affected and inspired him to take action against these crimes through his writing. Eva Gabrielsson, Larsson's longtime partner, wrote that "the trilogy allowed Stieg to denounce everyone he loathed for their cowardice, their irresponsibility, and their opportunism: couch-potato activists, sunny-day warriors, fair-weather skippers who pick and choose their causes; false friends who used him to advance their own careers; unscrupulous company heads and shareholders who wrangle themselves huge bonuses.... Seen in this light, Stieg couldn't have had any better therapy for what ailed his soul than writing his novels." 
Larsson submitted the manuscripts for all three volumes in the series to two Swedish publishers, with Norstedts Förlag accepting the manuscripts for publication. Norstedts commissioned Steve Murray, under the pen-name of Reg Keeland, to undertake the English translation. Larsson tried to get British publishers to accept his book, but was turned down until Christopher Maclehose bought the global English-language rights of the book for Quercus, a small London publisher. Alfred A. Knopf bought the U.S. rights to the books after Larsson's death in 2004.
By May 2010, 27 million copies had been sold worldwide, a number that would grow to more than 46 million over the next five months, and reach 65 million in December 2011. In July 2010 the series made Larsson the first author to sell a million electronic copies of his work on the Amazon Kindle. Sales reached 73 million copies worldwide by the end of 2012, and the books continue to sell well today.
Larsson wrote about three-quarters of a fourth novel before his sudden death in November 2004. His partner, Eva Gabrielsson, is in possession of the notebook computer with the manuscript, but does not own the rights to Larsson's work. In an attempt to protect Gabrielsson from the people he was investigating in real life (Swedish Neo-Nazis and racists), Larsson never married. He wrote a will but it was not witnessed, making it invalid according to Swedish law. Thus, it is his family who have succession. Outlines or manuscripts for one or two more books may exist.
In December 2013, the Swedish publishing company Norstedts announced that the fourth Millennium book would be written by David Lagercrantz, a Swedish author known as Zlatan Ibrahimović's biographer, to be published in August 2015. Larsson's partner Eva Gabrielsson has voiced criticism against this project, which will not use the unpublished material which is still in her possession. The English language translation will be published by Quercus Publishing.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2011)|
The Swedish film production company Yellow Bird has produced film versions of the Millennium Trilogy, co-produced with The Danish film production company Nordisk Film and television company, which were released in Scandinavia in 2009. In 2010, the extending all three films to approximately 180 minutes led to their being shown on Swedish television as a six-part series. Each film was divided into two parts of 90 minutes. This version was released on July 14, 2010 on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in three separate sets and on November 24, 2010 as a Complete Millennium Trilogy box set with an extra disc.
Originally, only the first film was meant for a theatrical release, with the following ones conceived as TV films, but this was changed in the wake of the tremendous success of the first film. The first film was directed by Niels Arden Oplev and the next two by Daniel Alfredson, while the screenplays of the first two were adapted by Nikolaj Arcel and Rasmus Heisterberg, and the last one by Ulf Rydberg and Jonas Frykberg. All three films feature Michael Nyqvist as Mikael Blomkvist and Noomi Rapace as Lisbeth Salander.
- The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, released on February 25, 2009.
- The Girl Who Played with Fire, released on September 18, 2009.
- The Girl Who Kicked the Hornets' Nest, released on November 27, 2009.
Yellow Bird and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer partnered with Columbia Pictures to produce an English-language adaptation of the first novel. The film is written by Steven Zaillian, directed by David Fincher and produced by Scott Rudin, with Daniel Craig as Mikael Blomkvist and Rooney Mara as Lisbeth Salander. Along with Dragon Tattoo, Fincher and Zaillian have signed a two-picture deal to adapt The Girl Who Played with Fire, and The Girl Who Kicked the Hornets' Nest, which may be shot back to back. In January 2012, it was announced that Sony was "moving forward" with the adaptations of The Girl Who Played with Fire and The Girl Who Kicked the Hornet's Nest. Zaillian wrote the original screenplays, but Sony brought in Andrew Kevin Walker to revise them. The studio hopes to have the same people involved in the sequels as in the first film, with Fincher directing and Daniel Craig and Rooney Mara starring, but scheduling has been difficult.
- The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. Released in North America on December 21, 2011, and in the United Kingdom on December 26, 2011.
In October 2011, DC Comics announced that its Vertigo imprint had acquired the rights to the series, and would be adapted each novel into two graphic novels. The graphic novels are adapted by Scottish crime novelist Denise Mina, with art by Leonardo Manco and Andrea Mutti.
- The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Book 1, released on November 13, 2012.
- The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Book 2, released on May 7, 2013.
- The Girl who Played with Fire, Book 1, released on October 30, 2013.
- "The 4th Book - Stieg Larsson, the man behind Lisbeth Salander". stieglarsson.com. 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
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- "The Fourth Book". Retrieved 2010-04-07.
- "Fjärde boken i Millenniumserien ges ut". Aftonbladet. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
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- "'Dragon Tattoo' sequel still on track, Sony says". EW.com. January 3, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- "‘Girl with the Dragon Tattoo’ Sequel is Still Moving Forward". ScreenRant.com. January 3, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- Phil de Semlyen, The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo Sequel Gets A Writer, Empire Online, 18 July 2013.
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