Millimetre

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1 millimetre =
SI units
1×10−3 m 0.1 cm
US customary / Imperial units
3.2808×10^−3 ft 39.370×10^−3 in

The millimetre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures) or millimeter (American spelling) (SI unit symbol mm) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousandth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length.

It is equal to 1,000 micrometres and 1,000,000 nanometres. There are 25.4 mm in one inch by definition, so a millimetre is exactly equal to 5127 inch.

Definition[edit]

Since 1983, the metre has been defined as "the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299,792,458 of a second."[1] A millimetre, 1/1000 of a metre, is therefore the distance travelled by light in one 1/299,792,458,000 of a second.

Unicode symbols[edit]

For the purposes of compatibility with Chinese, Japanese and Korean (CJK) characters, Unicode has symbols for:

  • millimetre (㎜) - code U+339C[2]
  • square millimetre (㎟) - code U+339F[2]
  • cubic millimetre (㎣) - code U+33A3[2]

Measurement[edit]

On a metric ruler, the smallest measurements are normally millimetres.[3] High-quality engineering rules may be graduated in increments of 0.5 mm. Digital Vernier callipers are commonly capable of reading increments as small as 0.01mm.[4]

Microwaves with a frequency of 300 GHz have a wavelength of 1 mm. Using wavelengths between 30 and 300 GHz for data transmission, in contrast to the 300 MHz to 3 GHz normally used in mobile devices, has the potential to allow data transfer rates of 10 Gigabits per second.[5]

The smallest distances the human eye can resolve is around 0.02 to 0.04 mm, approximately the width of a human hair.[6] A sheet of paper is typically between 0.07 and 0.18 mm thick, with ordinary printer paper or copy paper approximately a tenth of a millimetre thick.[7] The thinnest phone as of 2013 is the Huawei Ascend P6, at 6.2 mm thick.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "17th General Conference on Weights and Measures (1983), Resolution 1.". International Bureau of Weights and Measures. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "CJK Compatibility". unicode.org. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "How do I read a ruler?". onlineconversion.com. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Accuracy of Calipers". TresnaInstrument.com. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Huang, Kao-Cheng; Wang, Zhaocheng (2011). Millimeter Wave Communication Systems. ISBN 9781118102756. 
  6. ^ "How Small Can the Naked Eye See?". Focus Magazine. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Thickness of a Piece of Paper". hypertextbook.com. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Huawei Ascend P6 review". Tech Radar. Retrieved 3 December 2013.