Million Programme

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Rebuilt Million Programme homes in Rinkeby (2009)

The Million Programme (Swedish: Miljonprogrammet) is the common name for an ambitious housing programme implemented in Sweden between 1965 and 1974 by the governing Swedish Social Democratic Party to make sure everyone could have a home at a reasonable price. The aim of the programme was to build a million new dwellings in a 10-year period (hence the project's name). At the same time, a large proportion of the older unmodernised housing stock was demolished.

In the end, about 1,006,000 new dwellings were built. The net result was an increase in Sweden’s housing stock of 650,000 new apartments and houses, with a general rise in quality,[1] though arguably at the expense of aesthetics.

Design[edit]

The new Million Programme residential areas were greatly inspired by early suburban neighbourhoods such as Vällingby and Årsta. One of the main aims behind the planning of these residential areas was to create "good democratic citizens". The means of achieving this were to build at high quality with a good range of services including schools, nurseries, churches, public spaces, libraries, and meeting places for different groups of households. A principal aim, although ultimately unsuccessful, was to mix and integrate different groups of households through the spatial mixing of tenures. Most of the apartments were of the "standard three room apartment" type (Swedish: normaltrea) of 75 m², planned for a model family of two adults and two children.

A common misconception of the Million Programme is that most (or all) of the residentials are tower blocks of concrete. In fact, the majority of the housing stock consists of apartment buildings with three or fewer floors, terraced houses and one-family houses.

Photos[edit]


Million Programme districts[edit]

The suburb Tensta north of Stockholm
House in Hammarkullen (Angered), northeast Gothenburg

Well known Million Programme districts include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]