Mills in Canterbury

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St Martin's mill

The city of Canterbury in Kent, England has been well served by mills over the centuries. These include animal engines, watermills and windmills.[1][2]

Animal engines[edit]

A rare survivor is the treadwheel in the Bell Harry tower of Canterbury Cathedral.[3]

Watermills[edit]

There were a total of ten watermills at various time on the Great Stour river. They are covered in the article on the Stour watermills.

Windmills[edit]

A total of six windmills are known to have stood in Canterbury.

  • St Martin's Black Mill, a smock mill that was marked on the 1819-43 Ordnance Survey map and demolished in 1868. The sails and major machinery being installed in New Mill, Blean.[4] The mill had a three storey smock on a two storey base, with a stage at first floor level. There was one pair of shuttered sails and one pair of common sails. It was winded by a fantail.[5]
  • St Lawrence Mill, a smock mill marked on the 1819-43 Ordnance Survey map that was burnt down on 15 May 1873.[4] The millers were Richard Fuller in 1845 and J Chantler in 1862.[6] This mill stood on or near the site of Canterbury's earliest recorded windmill, which stood at Little Foxmould in the Ridingate area. This mill was granted to the Hospital of Eastbridge by the Prioress and Nuns of the church of St Sepulchre early in the thirteenth century.[7]
  • Franciscan Gardens, a smock mill shown in a print dated 1846.[4]
  • St. Thomas' Hill, a mill shown in prints dated 1816, 1835 and 1856.[4] John Goble or Gobell was the miller in 1839.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canterbury - Tourist Guide & Directory at www.thetownguide.com (accessed May 25, 2008)
  2. ^ The Donald W. Muggeridge Collection of Mill Photographs at http://library.kent.ac.uk (accessed May 25, 2008)
  3. ^ Major, J. Kenneth (1985). Animal Powered Machines (Shire Album 128). Shire Publications. ISBN 0-85263-710-1. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. pp. p177–78. 
  5. ^ "(Canterbury), St Martin's Black Mill, Smock mill, Cereal Milling". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  6. ^ a b c "Directory of Kent Mill People". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  7. ^ West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd. pp. p16–17. ISBN 0284-98534-1.