The 17th-century cartographer James Gordon (1617-1686) was from Rothiemay. It was the birthplace of James FergusonFRS (1710–1776), instrument-maker and astronomer. More recently, BBC radio presenter James Naughtie was born and brought up in the village.
The village has its own primary school, and formerly had a railway station by the River Deveron 2.1 miles (3.4 km) miles from the village. Almost all trace of the station has been lost although trains still operate on the Keith to Huntly mainline.