Milton Wainwright

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Milton Wainwright
Born (1950-02-23)February 23, 1950
Residence Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Citizenship British
Nationality English
Fields Microbiology, Astrobiology
Alma mater University of Nottingham
Known for "Alien Bugs", Neopanspermia

Milton Wainwright is a British microbiologist who claims to have found extraterrestrial life in the stratosphere.[1][2][3] His interests are in astrobiology and the history of science.[4] He claimed that the idea of natural selection is not original to Darwin's or Wallace's theory.[5] Also, he has claimed that the red rain in Kerala is a biological entity.[6] Wainwright has also written widely about the history of the discovery penicillin (including that Hitler’s life was saved by the drug) and streptomycin[7] and on the theory that bacteria and other non-virus microbes cause cancer.[8]


Wainwright graduated from the University of Nottingham in the field of botany. He obtained a PhD from the same university in the field of mycology. After he went to the National Research Council of Canada as postdoctoral fellow, where he obtained a qualification in environmental microbiology. After his postdoctoral fellowship, he went to work at the University of Sheffield.[4]


Milton Wainwright is author of the books Miracle Cure: The Story of Penicillin and the Golden Age of Antibiotics (1990) and An introduction to environmental biotechnology (2011).[9][10]

Honours and awards[edit]


  • Wainwright, M., Al Harbi, S. and Wickramasinghe, N.C. (2006). How do microorganisms reach the stratosphere? International Journal of Astrobiology 5,13–15.[11]
  • Shivaji, S., Chaturvedi, P., Kuresh, K., Redy, C.B.S., Wainwright, M. et al. (2006). Bacillus aerius sp. nov. isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 56,1465–1473.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2008). Some highlights in the history of mycology—a personal journey. Fungal Biology Reviews, 7, 2297–102.[4]
  • Wainwright, M., Leswd, A. and Alshammari, F. (2009). Bacteria in amber coal and clay in relation to lithopanspermia. International Journal of Astrobiology 8,141–143.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2010).The overlooked link between non-virus microbes and cancer. Science Progress 93, 393–40.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2002). Do fungi play a role in the aetiology of cancer? Reviews of Medical Microbiology 13, 1–6.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2006). The potential role of non-virus microorganisms in cancer. Current Trends in Microbiology 2, 48–59.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (2011). Charles Darwin mycologist and refuter of his own myth. Fungi 4, 12–20.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. (1991). Streptomycin: discovery and resultant controversy. Journal of the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 13, 97–124.[4]
  • Wainwright, M. and Swan, H.T. (1986). C.G. Paine and the earliest surviving clinical record of penicillin therapy. Medical History 30, 42–56.[4]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Milton Wainwright academic page