Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Milwaukee County Courthouse.jpg
Milwaukee County Courthouse
Seal of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Seal
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Milwaukee County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded September 6, 1834
Seat Milwaukee
Largest city Milwaukee
Area
 • Total 1,190 sq mi (3,082 km2)
 • Land 241 sq mi (624 km2)
 • Water 948 sq mi (2,455 km2), 79.7%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 955,205
 • Density 3,955/sq mi (1,527/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.county.milwaukee.gov

Milwaukee County is a county in the State of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 947,735 and was estimated to be 955,205 in 2012.[1][2] It is the most populous county in Wisconsin and the 45th most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Milwaukee,[3] which is also the largest city in the state.

Milwaukee County is included in the Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,190 square miles (3,100 km2), of which 241 square miles (620 km2) is land and 948 square miles (2,460 km2) (79.7%) is water.[4] It is the third-smallest county in Wisconsin by land area. It is watered by the Milwaukee, Menominee, and Root rivers. The surface is undulating, and the soil calcareous and fertile.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Government[edit]

Politics[edit]

Milwaukee County is a Democratic stronghold having voted for the Democratic presidential nominee since 1960.

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Milwaukee County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 31,077
1860 62,518 101.2%
1870 89,930 43.8%
1880 138,537 54.0%
1890 236,101 70.4%
1900 330,017 39.8%
1910 433,187 31.3%
1920 539,449 24.5%
1930 725,263 34.4%
1940 766,885 5.7%
1950 871,047 13.6%
1960 1,036,041 18.9%
1970 1,054,063 1.7%
1980 964,988 −8.5%
1990 959,275 −0.6%
2000 940,164 −2.0%
2010 947,735 0.8%
Est. 2012 955,205 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2012[1]

As of the 2000 census,[10] 377,729 households and 225,126 families resided in the county. The population density was 3,931 people per square mile (1,503/km²). There were 400,093 housing units at an average density of 1,656 per square mile (640/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.6% White, 24.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 8.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.0% were of German, 10.9% Polish and 5.3% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 census.

There were 377,729 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the age distribution was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

In 2000, the county was the center of the Metropolitan Area, in which the residential pattern of Blacks versus Whites was the most segregated in the country, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Bus service in Milwaukee County is provided by the Milwaukee County Transit System, which operates 469 New Flyer and 5 Gillig Low Floor buses on 56 routes.

Airport[edit]

General Mitchell International Airport is located in Milwaukee and serves the entire metropolitan area. It has scheduled service to cities across the United States as well and Canada and Mexico.

Major highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

Milwaukee, Wisconsin's largest city

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ Glauber, Bill; Crowe, Kevin (13 March 2013). "Census Bureau reports growth in Wisconsin, Milwaukee County". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Milwaukee, a S. E. county of Wisconsin". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°00′00″N 87°58′02″W / 43.00°N 87.96713°W / 43.00; -87.96713