Mimili, South Australia

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Mimili
South Australia
Mimili is located in South Australia
Mimili
Mimili
Coordinates 26°59′58″S 132°42′28″E / 26.99944°S 132.70778°E / -26.99944; 132.70778Coordinates: 26°59′58″S 132°42′28″E / 26.99944°S 132.70778°E / -26.99944; 132.70778
Population 283 (2006 Census)[1]
Postcode(s) 5710
Elevation 500 m (1,640 ft)
Location 70 km (43 mi) west of Stuart Highway
LGA(s) Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara
State electorate(s) Giles
Federal Division(s) Grey
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
37.1 °C
99 °F
5.0 °C
41 °F
222.6 mm
8.8 in

Mimili is an Aboriginal community in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands in South Australia, comprising one of the six main communities on "The Lands" (the others being Amata, Ernabella/Pukatja, Fregon/Kaltjiti, Indulkana and Pipalyatjara). At the 2006 census, Mimili had a population of 283.[1]

Geography[edit]

Mimili ((26°59′58″S 132°42′27″E / 26.99949°S 132.707634°E / -26.99949; 132.707634)) (-26.99949, 132.707634) is situated 70 kilometres west of the Stuart Highway and is approximately 1 hour's drive from Marla Bore. Mimili is situated amongst mountains in the Everard Ranges.

Climate[edit]

Based upon the climate records of the nearest weather station at Marla Police Station, Mimili experiences summer maximum temperatures of an average of 37.1 degrees celsius in January and a winter maximum average temperature of 19.7 degrees celsius in June. Overnight lows range from a mean minimum temperature of 21.8 degrees in January to 5.0 degrees in June.

Annual rainfall averages 222.6 millimetres.[2]

Population[edit]

Mimili's population is approximately 300 people. The residents are mainly Anangu people who speak either Pitjantjatjara or Yankunytjatjara as their first language.

2001 Australian Bureau of Statistics Census data indicated that Mimili had one of the highest proportions of 0-14 year olds in South Australia (32.6%), the lowest median weekly income ($172 AUD compared with a Statewide average of $345), one of the highest proportions of indigenous Australian residents (89.8%) and near-equal highest ratio of Australian-born residents (98.1%). Mimili has one of the State's lowest rates of home personal computer usage (5.3%) and the State's highest ratio of single-parent families (36.0% compared with a Statewide average of 15.6%).[3]

History[edit]

According to the Aboriginal people, Mimili was the name the area was always known as. It is described as the site of the "maku" or "witchetty grub" dreaming.

After European settlement, a cattle station called "Everard Park" was operated in the area - giving its name to the mountain range that surrounds what is now the township of Mimili.

Mimili was returned to the ownership of the traditional owners in 1972.

Facilities[edit]

Mimili has an airstrip and a health facility known as Nganampa Health Mayatjar. There are council facilities. Diesel power generation facilities supply power to the community. Water is provided from 2 bores and placed in storage tanks for pumping to the community.

The Mimili Anangu school has an enrolment of approximately 60 children. Attendance at the school benefited from the construction of a swimming pool in a joint Commonwealth / State Government initiative that was operational in September 2006 and officially opened the following month on 28 October 2006 by Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Families, Communities and Indigenous Affairs Mal Brough.[4][5]

There is also a general store and a craft facility where indigenous art is made and exhibited.

The Uniting Church in Australia has a congregation in the area.[6]

Mimili was the first community in the APY Lands to create a bush foods garden.[7] The garden is a source of training and education for students of technical and further education (or "TAFE") in the Mimili area.[8]

Mimili now has a permanent South Australian police presence. With a police station being completed in mid-2011.

A mobile polling booth visits Mimili for elections every 4 years to elect the Parliament of South Australia.

A permit is required for a member of the public to visit any community on the APY Lands, as they are freehold lands owned by the Aboriginal people.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mimili (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology data
  3. ^ ABS 2001 Census Data;
  4. ^ Agreements, Treaties and Negotiated Settlements (ATNS) Project - Mimili 'Mimili Pool' Shared Responsibility Agreement (SRA); [1]
  5. ^ Ministerial Media Release, The Hon Mal Brough MP, Minister for Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs [2]
  6. ^ Uniting Church in Australia list of congregations
  7. ^ Outback Pride
  8. ^ "Mimili Bush Fruits a Commercial Success", TAFE SA;

Further external links[edit]