|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2011)|
|Country of origin||France|
|Region, town||Nord, Lille|
|Source of milk||Cow|
|Aging time||2 Months - 2 Years|
Mimolette is a cheese traditionally produced around the city of Lille, France. In France, it is also known as Boule de Lille after its city of origin, or vieux Hollande for being made after the tradition of Edam cheese. In some areas of Belgium and the Netherlands, such as Flanders, it is also known as commissiekaas.
It was originally made by the request of Louis XIV, who - in the context of Jean-Baptiste Colbert's mercantilistic policies - was looking for a native French product to replace the then very popular Edam. To make it distinct from Edam he seasoned it with annatto to give it a sweet and nutty flavour and a distinct orange colour.
It normally weighs about 2 kg (approximately 4.5 pounds) and is made from cow's-milk. Its name comes from the French word molle, meaning "soft". This refers to the softness of the crust when young - with age it becomes harder. It has a grey crust and orangish flesh. The orange colour comes from the natural seasoning, annatto, which has a sweet and nutty flavour. The cheese has a similar appearance to a cantaloupe melon.
The greyish crust of aged Mimolette is the result of cheese mites intentionally introduced to add flavor by their action on the surface of the cheese.
Mimolette can be consumed at different stages of aging. When younger, its taste resembles that of Parmesan. Many appreciate it most when "extra-old" (extra-vieille). At that point, it can become rather hard to chew, and the flesh takes a hazelnut-like flavour.
In April 2013, the Food and Drug Administration blocked imports of mimolette to the United States. Cheese was deemed "unfit for consumption" by the United States Customs and 3,800 pounds of cheese was ordered to be destroyed. The FDA refusal report stated that "The article appears to consist in whole or in part of a filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance or be otherwise unfit for food".
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