Minar-e-Pakistan

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Minar-e-Pakistan
مینارِ پاکستان
Minar e Pakistan.jpg
Minar-e-Pakistan is located in Lahore
Minar-e-Pakistan
Location within Lahore
General information
Status National Tower of Pakistan
Type Public monument
Location Iqbal Park, Lahore, Pakistan
Coordinates 31°35′33″N 74°18′34″E / 31.5925°N 74.3095°E / 31.5925; 74.3095Coordinates: 31°35′33″N 74°18′34″E / 31.5925°N 74.3095°E / 31.5925; 74.3095
Construction started 1960
Completed 1968
Height
Roof 62 metres (203 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Nasreddin Murat-Khan
Structural engineer Abdur Rehman Khan Niazi
Main contractor Mian Abdul Khaliq Company

Minar-e-Pakistan (Urdu: مینارِ پاکستان‎ / ALA-LC: Mīnār-i Pākistān, literally "Tower of Pakistan") is a public monument located in Iqbal Park which is one of the largest urban parks in Pakistan in Lahore, Pakistan.[1] The tower was constructed during the 1960s on the site where, on 23 March 1940, the All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution, the first official call for a separate homeland for the Muslims living in the South Asia, in accordance with the two nation theory.[2][3]

Design[edit]

The tower reflects a blend of Mughal, Islamic and modern architecture.

The tower was designed and supervised by Nasreddin Murat-Khan, an architect and engineer hailing from Daghestan.[4] The structural design was given by Nasreddin Murat-Khan (a qualified engineer himself), assisted by Engineer Abdur Rehman Khan Niazi who was working as Structural Design Engineer for Illeri N. Murat-Khan & Associates. Approved by the President, the design was built by Mian Abdul Khaliq and Company.[citation needed] The foundation stone was laid on 23 March 1960. The construction took eight years, and was completed in 1968. The Minar was completed on 31 October 1968 at an estimated cost of Rs. 7,058,000. The money was collected by imposing an additional tax on the cinema and horse racing tickets on the demand of Akhtar Hussain, governor of West Pakistan. Today, the minaret provides a panoramic view to visitors who can climb up the stairs or through an elevator. The parks around the monument include marble fountains and an artificial lake.

Structure[edit]

The base is about 8 metres above the ground. The tower rises about 62 metres on the base, thus the total height of minaret is about 70 metres above the ground. The unfolding petals of the flower-like base are 9 metres high. The diameter of the tower is about 9.75 meters. The rostrum is built of patterned tiles, and faces the Badshahi Mosque. The base comprises four platforms. To symbolise humble beginnings of the freedom struggle, first platform is built with uncut Taxila stones, second platform is made of hammer-dressed stones, whereas third platform is of chiselled stones. Polished white marble at the fourth and final platform depicts the success of the Pakistan Movement.[5] Mr. Mukhtar Masood, a prolific writer and the then–deputy commissioner of Lahore, was one of the members of the Building Committee.

Inscriptions[edit]

At the base, there are floral inscriptions on ten converging white marble Commemorative plaques. The inscriptions include the text of Lahore Resolution in Urdu, Bengali and English, and Delhi Resolution's text, which was passed on 9 April 1946. On different plaques, Quranic verses and 99 attributes of Allah are inscribed in Arabic calligraphy, whereas National Anthem of Pakistan in Urdu and Bengali, excerpts from the speeches of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in Urdu, Bengali and English, as well as few couplets of Allama Iqbal are inscribed.[5]

Concerns[edit]

With the growth of the city and location of the monument at busy intersection of Circular Road and Multan Road, air pollution from traffic-congestion is continuously damaging the marble structure which is now in need of refurbishment.

Political Stands[edit]

Minar-e-Pakistan has always served as the location a number of political protests and rallies, like PTI's historical jalsas of 31 October'12, 23 March'13 and 28 September'14. etc.[6][citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google maps. "Address of Minar-e-Pakistan". Google maps. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Christophe Jaffrelot (2002) A History of Pakistan and Its Origins. Athens Press. 326 pages. ISBN 1-84331-149-6
  3. ^ Ian Talbot (1998) Pakistan: A Modern History. St. Martin's Press. 450 pages. ISBN 0-312-21606-8
  4. ^ Meral Murat Khan. "Remembrance: The man behind the masterpiece". Dawn. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Amna Jamal (2002) The Pakistan Day memorial. Dawn. 23 March. Retrieved 12 February 2008
  6. ^ "PTI to stage rally at Minar-e-Pakistan today". The News International. 23 March 2013. 

External links[edit]