||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2013)|
|• Total||8.2 km2 (3.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||140 m (460 ft)|
|• Density||4,745/km2 (12,290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC -3|
|Dial plan||+598 444 (+5 digits)|
It is situated between hill ranges and the basins of the streams Arroyo San Francisco and Arroyo Campanero.
A town was founded here in 1783 as "Villa de la Concepcion de las Minas", when a number of families from the Asturias and Galicia regions of Spain settled in the area following a frustrated attempt to populate Patagonia. The idea of a city in the area was first raised in 1753 by Jose Joaquin de Viana, the governor of Montevideo, who wanted to create a population centre in "the zones of the mines". He commissioned Rafael Perez Del Puerto to design the layout of the city, the basis of which remains in place today.
By a decree of 8 October 1830, its status was of "Villa" (town) and on 16 June 1837, by decree Ley Nº 158, it became the capital of the "Department of Minas". On 16 May 1888, its status was elevated to "Ciudad" (city) by decree Ley Nº 1.980. On 26 December 1927, after the renaming of the department, it became the capital of the "Department of Lavalleja" by decree Ley Nº 8.187.
- Blanes Viale: 104
- Barrio La Coronilla - Ancap: 301
- San Francisco de las Sierras: 58
As a result, the total population of the Minas area can be said to be 38,909.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay
- In the city
In the northeast part of the city there is the big Parque Rodó which contains a zoological garden, a public open air swimming pool, an area for picnics and a small football field. At the east end of the city is the hill and park Cerro Artigas containing a mounted statue of the 19th-century Uruguayan hero General José Artigas.
- Surrounding area
The Parque Salto del Penitente lies 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east of the city, 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) to the west-southwest is Parque Salus and 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the southeast is the Parque de Vacaciones UTE-ANTEL, a park for the vacations of the employees of the Uruguayan Electricity Company and the Uruguayan Telecommunications Company. Villa Serrana is a scenic village located in the hills, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Minas.
Places of worship
- Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Roman Catholic)
- St. Joseph Parish Church (Roman Catholic)
- St. Thérèse of Lisieux Parish Church (Roman Catholic, Redemptorists)
- Our Lady of Fatima Parish Church (Roman Catholic)
- Our Lady of Verdun National Sanctuary, a popular pilgrimage shrine on top of Verdún Hill
It is the birthplace of:
- Juan Antonio Lavalleja, the revolutionary leader during Uruguayan independence, after whom the department is named.