Mind and Cosmos
|Subject||Consciousness, materialism, mind-body problem, natural selection, philosophy of physics, reductionism, teleology|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
In the book, Nagel argues that the materialist version of evolutionary biology is unable to account for the existence of mind and consciousness, and is therefore at best incomplete. He writes that mind is a basic aspect of nature, and that any philosophy of nature that cannot account for it is fundamentally misguided. He argues that the standard physico-chemical reductionist account of the emergence of life – that it emerged from a series of accidents, acted upon by the mechanism of natural selection — flies in the face of common sense.
Nagel's position is that principles of an entirely different kind may account for the emergence of life, and in particular conscious life, and that those principles may be teleological, rather than materialist or mechanistic. He stresses that his argument is not a religious one (he is an atheist), and that it is not based on the theory of intelligent design (ID), though he also writes that ID proponents such as Michael Behe, Stephen C. Meyer, and David Berlinski do not deserve the scorn with which their ideas have been met by the overwhelming majority of the scientific establishment.
- For the argument that mind is a basic aspect of nature, see p. 16ff.
- pp. 5–6
- p. 10
- Edward Feser, "Aristotle, Call Your Office" First Things
- Elliott Sober, "Remarkable Facts: Ending Science As We Know It" Boston Review
- Wes Alwan, "Evolution is Rigged! A Review of Thomas Nagel’s 'Mind and Cosmos'" The Partially Examined Life February 7, 2013
- Louis B. Jones and P. N. Furbank, "Two Perspectives on Thomas Nagel's Mind and Cosmos The Threepenny Review Fall 2012
- John Dupré, untitled review Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
- Brian Leiter and Michael Weisberg, "Do You Only Have a Brain? On Thomas Nagel" The Nation October 3, 2012
- Adam Frank, "Is There A Place For The Mind In Physics? Part I" NPR
- Alva Noe, "Arguing The Nature Of Values" NPR
- H. Allen Orr, "Awaiting a New Darwin" New York Review of Books Feb 7, 2013
- J. P. Moreland, "A Reluctant Traveler’s Guide for Slouching Towards Theism: A Philosophical Note on Nagel’s Mind and Cosmos" PDF Philosophia Christi Vol. 14, No. 2 2012
- Michael Chorost, "Where Thomas Nagel Went Wrong" The Chronicle of Higher Education May 13, 2013