Mineirão

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Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto
Mineirão
Novo mineirão aérea.jpg
Full name Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto
Location Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Coordinates 19°51′57″S 43°58′15″W / 19.86583°S 43.97083°W / -19.86583; -43.97083Coordinates: 19°51′57″S 43°58′15″W / 19.86583°S 43.97083°W / -19.86583; -43.97083
Broke ground 1959
Opened September 5, 1965
Renovated December 21, 2012
Owner Minas Arena
Surface Grass
Capacity 58,170 [1]
Field size 105 x 68 m
Tenants
Cruzeiro
2013 FIFA Confederations Cup
2014 FIFA World Cup
Football at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Mineirão (Portuguese pronunciation: [minejˈɾɐ̃w]), officially Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto (Governor Magalhães Pinto Stadium) established in 1965 in Belo Horizonte, is the largest football stadium in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It served as a venue in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2014 FIFA World Cup. In addition, it will also host some matches of the football tournament of the 2016 Summer Olympics.[2]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The project to construct the Mineirão predated the stadium's opening by more than 25 years. In the 1940s, a modest movement began, involving managers, entrepreneurs, athletes and journalists. The idea was to build a field in Belo Horizonte commensurate with the evolution of Minas Gerais' football up to that point.

The top three teams in the state capital had their stadiums, but they were cramped, uncomfortable and no longer supported the demand of fans. Stadium Otacílio Negrão de Lima (Alameda Stadium, Francisco Sales Avenue), of América; Antônio Carlos Stadium (located on Olegário Maciel Avenue), of Atlético; and Juscelino Kubitschek Stadium (located on Augusto de Lima Avenue), of Cruzeiro did not support more than 10,000 spectators. Atlético, the team with the wealthiest members in Belo Horizonte, planned to build a stadium for 30,000 people, after the winning the Brazilian "Champion of Champions" title, in 1937. It nearly went out of paper. But then they found a huge debt of the club, forcing the directors to allot and sell the properties that the club had in the neighborhood where the stadium would be built, Antônio Carlos Avenue, near the airport.

At the end of the 1940s, journalist Canor Simões Coelho achieved with CBD the inclusion of Belo Horizonte as one of the venues of 1950 FIFA World Cup. For this, the council would have to build a stadium at the height of the event. Official agreement was signed by Mayor Otacílio Negrão de Lima and the president of the CBD, Rivadávia Correa Meyer. The modest club Sete de Setembro was in charge of commanding the works of the new field.

The construction of Independência Stadium was slow and it seemed that would not be completed in time for the World Cup. But with the intervention of the CBD and FIFA, the city of Belo Horizonte took charge of construction, and the stage was handed over in time for the match between Yugoslavia and Switzerland on June 25, 1950, even with many improvisations. But soon the initial excitement for the new stadium was falling apart, since the 30,000 seats available did not meet the growing number of fans. Independência was uncomfortable for the audience, and did not offer good conditions for the press.

The early 1950s saw the first steps supporting the construction of a larger stadium in Belo Horizonte. Under the leadership of Gil César Moreira de Abreu, a group of students from the School of Engineering at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) proposed the construction of a University Stadium, to be located in the city's Pampulha region, where the university owned land.[3] In 1956 the chairman of Minas Gerais' Football Federation, Francisco de Castro Cortes proposed the construction of a Municipal Stadium on a location adjacent to the BR-040 highway, close to where BH Shopping mall stands today. The proposal asked for funds to be obtained through the sales of perpetual seating rights ('cadeiras cativas'). With the support of the President, former Minas Gerais Governor Juscelino Kubitschek, Cortes even arranged for engineers involved in the construction of Maracanã to come to Belo Horizonte and review the project.

At the time, Antonio Abrahão Caram was President of the Regional Sports Council (Conselho Regional de Desportos) in Minas Gerais, and became one of the strongest supporters of what was destined to become Mineirão. Abrahão Caram demonstrated impractical aspects of the project supported by Cortes, which was eventually abandoned in favor of a new project for the current stadium. The new project was prepared under the auspices of a team led by Benedicto Adami de Carvalho.

In recognition of Abrahão Caram's role in proposing a feasible financial arrangement, selecting the venue, and assistance in drafting a State Assembly bill paving the way for the construction of Mineirão, in 1966 his name was officially designated to the avenue where the stadium is located, i.e. Avenida Antônio Abrahão Caram.[4]

Once the design started to become a reality, then State Representative Jorge Carone Filho was assigned the mission of drafting the State Assembly bill that would help turn Mineirão a reality. The idea was to obtain funding through the State Lottery (Loteria Mineira) whose tickets would carry a 10% earmark toward a stadium building fund. "Estádio Minas Gerais" was then created under State Bill 1947 dated August 12, 1959, which was signed into Law by Governor José Francisco Bias Fortes. The law also provided for the creation of AEMG, an administrative tasked with managing the finished stadium. AEMG would later become ADEMG (Administração de Estádios do Estado de Minas Gerais).

Modifications to the original University Stadium were left to architects Eduardo Mendes Guimarães and Gaspar Garreto, which the goal of upgrading it from a 30,000 visitors venue into a new "giant" stadium capable of accommodating up to 100,000 visitors. The chosen site was located in the Pampulha region, in land owned by UFMG, whose President Pedro Paulo Penido was favorable to the project while expecting construction of Mineirão at the site of UFMG's new campus would attract an influx of people into this sparsely populated area. With the approval of President Kubitschek's Education Minister Clóvis Salgado, an agreement between UFMG and AEMG was signed on February 25, 1960. Construction of Mineirão then finally began.

Construction[edit]

When they began work on the stadium in 1959, Engineers and workers were not sure they would be completed. Cesar Gil, the construction manager, faced financial crises, but knew how to use politics in favor of Mineirão. Despite the extreme control of spending, the works were facing, at each step, the depletion of resources. The initial loan of 100 million Cruzeiros evaporated in implementing the first service of its foundation. For a year and a half, the contract followed a slow pace, working with limited equipment and staffing minimum. While one group acted politically to change laws that enable the acquisition of resources and also convince the Governor Magalhães Pinto fund the construction, AEMG trying to adapt to the fragile financial situation.

The new stadium was raised to the emblem for the national engineering by offering countless examples of evolution in construction. The team of engineers Mineirão went to the extreme in the details. Passed the Maracanã by a real x-ray, finding weaknesses that should not be repeated in the Mineirão field. In 1964, Gil Caesar sought in Tokyo, where arenas were built for Olympics, news about this type of work. Traders noted features and engineering innovations. Worried by the quality of the grass: tags and other minutiae.

The big question that engineers and workers were tested for their ability to perform a superstructure – a false ellipse, measuring the major axis of 275 meters and the lowest 217 meters – using conventional equipment. To evaluate and eliminate uncertainties, we designed a mini-Mineirão, called the experimental sector 15 (now housing Atlético fans) where a link bleachers and roof would be subjected to all sorts of evidence. Concrete plants, conveyors, degrees, loaders and shuttle were tested. The complexity of the work required iron bars into lengths that the industry was unable to attend. The solution came in the actual construction site, where engineers and workers solder used to promote the extension of the bars.

With available resources could be hiring more people, but bumped into AEMG lack of qualified staff. Made a public bidding for the supply of labor, it was found to be unenforceable, because the price charged – 15 million Cruzeiros – was infinitely high box for the administration of the new field. It was proved in the future, the amount requested by the companies would build a Mineirão and a half. On accountability, the "Gigante da Pampulha" (Pampulha Giant) consumed a total of 10 million dollars. Due to the lack of skilled labor available, AEMG promoted the training of masons, carpenters, ship owners and other professionals. Whole classes were formed, and hundreds of workers have gained qualifications to perform special functions. At this stage, the administration managed to gather the required number needed to play and work at a fast pace. Between August 1964 and July 1965, the building jumped from one sector (the experiment) to offer the country's most modern stadium in the world.

To speed construction and shorten the drama of the budget, Gil Caesar launched the operation 24 hours a day, divided into three shifts three thousand workers hired. The service did not stop a single minute. Acaiaca the top of the building in downtown Belo Horizonte, saw a huge flash of light coming from the sides of the future Mineirão. The administration began to reward teams for production and creativity, encouraging competition among the various sectors of the construction. The idea of "local little game" was so successful that many fronts have been completed well before the deadline. The full-time process allowed the stadium to be handed to the population in eight months. Even in the hectic pace and pressure, only one worker died during the entire construction of the arena.

On February 25, 1960, the government of the Union and the Federal University of Minas Gerais gave Minas Gerais land in the neighborhood of Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, for the construction of the stadium.

The Mineirão was planned by Eduardo Mendes Guimarães Júnior and Caspar Garreto, both architects. The structural project was undertaken by engineer Arthur Eugênio Jermann. The construction workmanship was directed by engineer Gil Cesar Moreira de Abreu. From 1963 to the date of its inauguration on September 5, 1965, approximately five thousand people were involved in the construction.

The festivities marking the opening of the stadium included parachute jumpers, music, and an inaugural football match. The events were attended by 73,201 people. The inaugural match at Mineirão Stadium was played by the Minas Gerais state team and the Argentinian team, River Plate.

Attendance[edit]

The largest attendance of the Stadium was 132,834 people in 1997 in the match between Cruzeiro and Villa Nova in the final match of the state league. In this match, women and children did not pay, as was usual on that time for games played in the stadium. The paying attendance was 74,857, and there were 56,618 women and children who entered for free. For safety reasons the capacity of Mineirão had been reduced for the majority of its 40 years of history. In 2004, by imposition of FIFA, the capacity of the stadium was reduced to 72,000 people.

Old entrance to the stadium.

Since the stadium opening, three important teams in Belo Horizonte have hosted their matches in Mineirão: Atlético Mineiro, Cruzeiro and América (MG) (which also has a private stadium). Mineirão has also hosted matches of the Brazilian national team.

The most important trophies won by local teams on Mineirão's pitch were:

One of the most remarkable matches played in the stadium was in 1969 when Clube Altético Mineiro played against the Brazilian team which went on to become unbeaten champion of the World Cup in 1970. Atlético scored in the first half (42') with Amauri, and Pelé drew the game at the beginning of the second half (5'). Dadá Maravilha was the player that scored the winning goal for Atlético, in the middle of the second half (20'). This was the only defeat of Brazil in that period.

Other one was in 1966, when Cruzeiro played against Santos, which also had Pelé on their squad. Cruzeiro took control of the first half and went into halftime with a 5 × 0 lead. In the second half Santos tried a reaction, but in vain. Dirceu Lopes scored his hat-trick and settled the score on 6 x 2. For Cruzeiro scored Zé Eduardo (1' – Own Goal), Dirceu Lopes (20', 39' 62'), Natal (5'), Tostão (41'). Santos scored with Toninho Guerreiro (6', 10').

The stadium top scorer is Reinaldo, who played for Atlético Mineiro from 1973 to 1984 and swung the nets 144 times. On the other hand, Tostão played from 1965 to 1972, scored 143 goals and had the best year average (17 goals).

2013 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
June 17, 2013 16:00  Tahiti 1–6  Nigeria Group B 20,187
June 22, 2013 16:00  Japan 1–2  Mexico Group A 52,690
June 26, 2013 16:00  Brazil 2–1  Uruguay Semi-Final 57,483

2014 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Date Time (UTC-03) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
June 14, 2014 13:00  Colombia 3–0  Greece Group C 57,174[5]
June 17, 2014 13:00  Belgium 2–1  Algeria Group H 56,800
June 21, 2014 13:00  Argentina 1–0  Iran Group F 57,698
June 24, 2014 13:00  Costa Rica 0–0  England Group D 57,823
June 28, 2014 13:00  Brazil 1–1 (a.e.t.) (Penalties: 3–2)  Chile Round of 16 57,714
July 8, 2014 17:00  Brazil 1–7  Germany Semi-finals 58,141

2016 Summer Olympics[edit]

Important matches[edit]

  • First match: Friendly – September 5, 1965 – Minas Gerais State Team 1–0 Club Atlético River Plate (ARG) Attendance: 73,201
  • First international match: Friendly – September 7, 1965 – Brazil 3–0 Uruguay. In this match, all the players who represented the Brazil were Palmeiras players.
  • First Derby: Minas Gerais State Championship – Oct 24, 1965 – Cruzeiro 1–0 Atlético
  • Greatest defeat of Brazil: Semi-final of World Cup 2014 - JUL 8, 2014 - Germany 7-1 Brazil

Historical goals scored in Mineirão[edit]

  • Goal number 1: Buglê, from Minas Gerais State Team on September 5, 1965
  • Goal number 1000: Lola, from Atlético Mineiro, on April 6, 1968
  • Goal number 5000: Paulinho, from Villa Nova, on March 10, 1985

Concerts[edit]

Mineirão has been the venue to scarce music events since its opening date:

Musical event[edit]

The record audience outside a football match was on July 15, 2001 in Recording the album Preciso de Ti of Brazilian worship music group Diante do Trono, where more than 210,000 people welcome gifts were recorded from various regions the country and also from other countries at the stadium for the event.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 18, 2013
  2. ^ "Instalação do Rio 2016™, Mineirão está pronto para voltar a receber o futebol". rio2016.com. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ MOREIRA, Eugênio (16 December 2012). "Dinheiro da loteria, lucro do futebol mineiro". Superesportes. 
  4. ^ CARAM, Foad A. Memórias de um Intendente. Sistema Laser Artes Gráficas Ltda., 2004. p.104
  5. ^ "Match report – Columbia–Greece" (PDF). FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  6. ^ Beyoncé segura bandeira do Brasil em show em Belo Horizonte
  7. ^ "DVD Preciso de Ti (Diante do Trono) - Análise". Super Gospel. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 

External links/images[edit]

Preceded by
El Monumental de Nuñez
Buenos Aires
Copa Libertadores
Final Venue

1997
Succeeded by
Monumental Isidro Romero Carbo
Guayaquil
Preceded by
Estádio do Maracanã
Rio de Janeiro
Copa Libertadores
Final Venue

2009
Succeeded by
Estádio Beira-Rio
Porto Alegre
Preceded by
Estádio do Pacaembu
São Paulo
Copa Libertadores
Final Venue

2013
Succeeded by
TBD