Mineral County, Nevada

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Mineral County, Nevada
Map of Nevada highlighting Mineral County
Location in the state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Founded 1911
Seat Hawthorne
Largest community Hawthorne
Area
 • Total 3,813 sq mi (9,876 km2)
 • Land 3,753 sq mi (9,720 km2)
 • Water 60 sq mi (155 km2), 1.6%
Population
 • (2010) 4,772
 • Density 1.3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Walker Lake Recreation Area, a popular scenic attraction

Mineral County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,772,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Nevada. Its county seat is Hawthorne.[2]

History[edit]

Mineral County was carved out of Esmeralda County in 1911 shortly after the county seat of Esmeralda was moved to Goldfield in 1907. Its name came from the surrounding area, which is heavily mineralized. Hawthorne has always been its county seat. The county is listed as Nevada Historical Marker 16. The marker is located on U.S. Highway 95 at Walker Lake.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,813 square miles (9,880 km2), of which 3,753 square miles (9,720 km2) is land and 60 square miles (160 km2) (1.6%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,848
1930 1,863 0.8%
1940 2,342 25.7%
1950 5,560 137.4%
1960 6,329 13.8%
1970 7,051 11.4%
1980 6,217 −11.8%
1990 6,475 4.1%
2000 5,071 −21.7%
2010 4,772 −5.9%
Est. 2013 4,614 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 5,071 people, 2,197 households, and 1,379 families residing in the county. The population density was 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,866 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.89% White, 4.77% Black or African American, 15.36% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.68% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. 8.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,197 households out of which 25.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.20% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.20% were non-families. 31.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,891, and the median income for a family was $39,477. Males had a median income of $31,929 versus $25,262 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,952. About 11.00% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Sodaville, a ghost town near Mina.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Nevada Historical Markers". Nevada State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°32′N 118°26′W / 38.54°N 118.43°W / 38.54; -118.43