Mineralnye Vody

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Mineralnye Vody (English)
Минеральные Воды (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Вокзал МВ.jpg
Mineralnye Vody railway station
Map of Russia - Stavropol Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Stavropol Krai in Russia
Mineralnye Vody is located in Stavropol Krai
Mineralnye Vody
Mineralnye Vody
Location of Mineralnye Vody in Stavropol Krai
Coordinates: 44°13′N 43°08′E / 44.217°N 43.133°E / 44.217; 43.133Coordinates: 44°13′N 43°08′E / 44.217°N 43.133°E / 44.217; 43.133
Coat of Arms of Mineralnye Vody (Stavropol kray)(2011).jpg
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of July 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Stavropol Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of krai significance of Mineralnye Vody[1]
Administrative center of town of krai significance of Mineralnye Vody,[1] Mineralovodsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Municipal district Mineralovodsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Mineralnye Vody Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Mineralovodsky Municipal District,[2] Mineralnye Vody Urban Settlement[2]
Head[citation needed] Konstantin Gamayunov[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 51.55 km2 (19.90 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 76,728 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 213th
Density 1,488 /km2 (3,850 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Town status since 1922[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 357200
Dialing code(s) +7 8792[citation needed]
Official website
Mineralnye Vody on WikiCommons

Mineralnye Vody (Russian: Минеральные Воды; IPA: [mʲɪnʲɪˈralʲnɨjə ˈvodɨ]; lit. mineral waters) is a town in Stavropol Krai, Russia, located along the Kuma River and the main rail line between Rostov-on-Don and Baku (Azerbaijan). Population: 76,728 (2010 Census);[4] 75,644 (2002 Census);[8] 70,961 (1989 Census).[9] The town serves as a gateway to Caucasian Mineral Waters. It has an airport connecting the town with some other major Russian destinations as well as some international destinations.

History[edit]

The city owes its birth to the construction of the Rostov-Vladikavkaz Railway. Construction was completed in 1875. Junction with a branch to Kislovodsk was named "Sultanovsky" because they are on lands owned by the former Crimean Giray Sultan. While in the wayside (territory owned joint stock company railroad, limited concrete wall), lived about 500 workers serving local locomotive depot, station and other railway undertakings. And next, in the lands of the Sultan Dzhanbek Giray, with the consent of the new settlers soon settled. They were mostly artisans and craftsmen and traders, supplies and goods railroad. Settlers petitioned the authorities on education village. In 1878, the village received a legal status and the name "Sultanovsky".

In 1929-1930, there were mining and processing of non-metallic materials - stone-crushing plant "Snake" and mine "Beshtaunit". After the construction of the airport in 1925, the city became an important item on the main thoroughfares of the USSR air. In 1924 the Decree of the Central Executive Committee was formed Mineralovodsky area.


Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mineralnye Vody serves as the administrative center of Mineralovodsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of krai significance of Mineralnye Vody—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of krai significance of Mineralnye Vody is incorporated within Mineralovodsky Municipal District as Mineralnye Vody Urban Settlement.[2]

Climate[edit]

Mineralnye Vody's climate can be classified either as humid continental or humid subtropical (Köppen climate classification Dfa/Cfa).

Climate data for Mineralnye Vody
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
20.6
(69.1)
30.3
(86.5)
33.9
(93)
34.4
(93.9)
37.8
(100)
39.7
(103.5)
40.9
(105.6)
37.4
(99.3)
34.1
(93.4)
25.8
(78.4)
17.0
(62.6)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
2.3
(36.1)
8.0
(46.4)
16.2
(61.2)
21.5
(70.7)
26.1
(79)
29.4
(84.9)
28.9
(84)
23.6
(74.5)
16.1
(61)
8.0
(46.4)
2.6
(36.7)
15.4
(59.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.9
(37.2)
10.1
(50.2)
15.1
(59.2)
19.6
(67.3)
22.7
(72.9)
22.0
(71.6)
16.8
(62.2)
10.2
(50.4)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
9.7
(49.5)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−6.1
(21)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.6
(40.3)
9.2
(48.6)
13.6
(56.5)
16.2
(61.2)
15.7
(60.3)
11.2
(52.2)
5.8
(42.4)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
4.9
(40.8)
Record low °C (°F) −28.3
(−18.9)
−27.8
(−18)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−7.2
(19)
−2.8
(27)
4.0
(39.2)
7.5
(45.5)
6.0
(42.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−22.2
(−8)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−28.3
(−18.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
41
(1.61)
28
(1.1)
67
(2.64)
67
(2.64)
89
(3.5)
62
(2.44)
50
(1.97)
35
(1.38)
39
(1.54)
32
(1.26)
28
(1.1)
556
(21.89)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Resolution #63-p
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #88-kz
  3. ^ Управление Росреестра по Ставропольскому краю. Доклад о состоянии и использовании земель Ставропольского края в 2010 году
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Ставропольского края. Постановление №63-п от 4 мая 2006 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Ставропольского края», в ред. Постановления №361-п от 23 сентября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Ставропольского края, утверждённый Постановлением Правительства Ставропольского края от 04 мая 2006 г. №63-п». Вступил в силу с 4 мая 2006 г.. Опубликован: "Сборник законов и других правовых актов Ставропольского края", №17, ст. 5609, 10 июля 2006 г. (Government of Stavropol Krai. Resolution #63-p of May 4, 2006 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Resolution #361-p of September 23, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Stavropol Krai Adopted by Resolution #63-p of the Government of Stavropol Krai of May 4, 2006. Effective as of May 4, 2006.).
  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. Закон №88-кз от 4 октября 2004 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований Ставропольского края статусом городского, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района», в ред. Закона №46-кз от 1 июля 2010 г «О преобразовании муниципального образования города Будённовска Ставропольского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ставропольская правда", №216, 6 октября 2004 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. Law #88-kz of October 4, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District to the Municipal Formations of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #46-kz of July 1, 2010 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Budyonnovsk of Stavropol Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
Panoramic view of Mineralnye Vody