Minersville, Pennsylvania

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Minersville, Pennsylvania
MINERS
Borough
Minersville, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Minersville, Pennsylvania
Minersville, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°41′26″N 76°15′37″W / 40.69056°N 76.26028°W / 40.69056; -76.26028Coordinates: 40°41′26″N 76°15′37″W / 40.69056°N 76.26028°W / 40.69056; -76.26028
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Schuylkill
Settled 1783
Incorporated 1831
Government
 • Type Borough Council
 • Mayor Joseph Post Jr.
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,552
 • Density 6,948.9/sq mi (2,683.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17954
Area code(s) 570 Exchange: 544

Minersville is a borough in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, four miles (6 km) west of Pottsville. Anthracite coal deposits are plentiful in the region. The population was 4,552 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

In the year 1783, a settler by the name of Thomas Reed traveled through the valley between the Thomaston Mountains and the Gap Rocks. At this junction, several mountain streams converged where this settler built a log cabin and a sawmill on the west Branch of the Schuylkill River, just below the mouth of Wolf Creek. Shortly thereafter, he built a tavern on the South Side of the Sunbury Trail on the present site of the Saint Vincent DePaul's Church.

This tavern was referred to as the "Half Way House", because it was half-way between Reading and Sunbury. The Sunbury Trail was the first road through Schuylkill County and was known as the Kings Highway which was authorized by the Crown of England, King George III in 1770.The early settlers engaged in timbering as their first livelihood, but experienced difficulty in transporting the heavy logs out of the valley. The rough timber was floated by raft to Schuylkill Haven to the Schuylkill Canal and on to Reading where it was sold or traded for other products. Necho Allen discovered coal in 1799, but it was not until 1814 that any actual mining took place. Dr. McFarland, a scientist, opened a vein at York Farm near Pottsville. Later, in 1818, Jacob Reed, son the of original founder, opened another vein in the Minersville Area.

The completion of the Schuylkill Haven and Mine Hill Railroad provided the means to transport the coal produced in the region. The development of the coal industry grew rapidly and attracted many immigrants. Experienced English and Welsh miners arrived first from their home lands. Next arrivals were the Germans and Irishman, soon to be followed by many other ethnic groups that make up the community. The influx of inhabitants to the community promoted the need to begin municipal planning. Titus Bennett laid out the town in 1830 on parts of two tracts of land patented to Lawrence Lewis and Robert M. Lewis on July 20, 1829, at that time part of Branch Township. On May 2, 1830, Minersville citizens held an election at the home of David Buckwater for the purpose of electing a Burgess. Samuel Richert was elected to this position, as well as the following men who served on the first Council: John Provst, John Patrick, Dr. Anthony Steinberger, John L. Swaine, John B. Hahn, David Buckwater and Daniel R. Bennet. The first president of the Town Council was Daniel R. Bennet; first treasurer, Thomas J. Harman, Clerk, and Milligan G. Gable, High Constable. Minersville was incorporated as a borough on April 1, 1831 by Act of the legislature approved by Governor George Wolf. Minersville School District was involved in a nation court case gaining much attention; Minersville School District v. Gobitis, 1940.[1] This case dealt with a family whose children would not salute the flag or recite the Pledge of Allegiance because of their religious beliefs (they were Jehovah's Witnesses). This case would put Minersville "on the map," as it reached all the way to the Supreme Court. The final verdict was that the school district could, in fact, make students stand, salute, and recite the Pledge of Allegiance. This decision came under much scrutiny and would not stay long, as it would be overturned shortly thereafter.

Minersville,1889.jpg

Geography[edit]

Minersville is located at 40°41′26″N 76°15′37″W / 40.69056°N 76.26028°W / 40.69056; -76.26028 (40.690455, -76.260242).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,951
1860 4,024 36.4%
1870 3,699 −8.1%
1880 3,249 −12.2%
1890 3,504 7.8%
1900 4,815 37.4%
1910 7,240 50.4%
1920 7,845 8.4%
1930 9,392 19.7%
1940 8,686 −7.5%
1950 7,783 −10.4%
1960 6,606 −15.1%
1970 6,012 −9.0%
1980 5,635 −6.3%
1990 4,877 −13.5%
2000 4,552 −6.7%
2010 4,397 −3.4%
Est. 2012 4,332 −1.5%
Sources:[3][4][5]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,552 people, 2,041 households, and 1,226 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,948.9 people per square mile (2,662.9/km²). There were 2,312 housing units at an average density of 3,529.4 per square mile (1,352.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.51% White, 0.44% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 2,041 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the borough the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.The Borough was founded in 1831.

The median income for a household in the borough was $28,373, and the median income for a family was $36,759. Males had a median income of $32,073 versus $19,898 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,623. About 10.8% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those age 65 or over.

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • Minersville celebrated its 175th anniversary in 2006. A commemoration parade was held in the borough on August 26.
  • Minersville was the birthplace of pool champion Joe Balsis (1921–1995).[6]
  • American Civil War Union general Benjamin C. Christ was a native of Minersville.
  • Big Diamond Raceway [1] is located in Minersville. It is home to seasonal weekly dirt track racing.
  • The Pottsville Maroons played professional football at Minersville Park during the 1920s.
  • Minersville is the setting of the 2010 film Bereavement.
  • The Minersville Railroad will soon open again, after work is completed on the CNJ 113 train engine, and renovations are completed in the station. The train has recently been driven for the first time in years and is in a completion process.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minersville School District v. Gobitis
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Hall of Fame Inductees, 1977-84", Billiards Congress of America, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA; accessed February 2, 2007

External links[edit]