Minerve, Hérault

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Minerve
Pont Minerve 34.JPG
Coat of arms of Minerve
Coat of arms
Minerve is located in France
Minerve
Minerve
Coordinates: 43°21′17″N 2°44′50″E / 43.3547°N 2.7472°E / 43.3547; 2.7472Coordinates: 43°21′17″N 2°44′50″E / 43.3547°N 2.7472°E / 43.3547; 2.7472
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Hérault
Arrondissement Béziers
Canton Olonzac
Intercommunality Minervois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Didier Vordy
Area1 27.89 km2 (10.77 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 122
 • Density 4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 34158 / 34210
Elevation 137–604 m (449–1,982 ft)
(avg. 227 m or 745 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Minerve (Occitan: Menèrba) is a commune in the Hérault department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region in southern France.

Map

History[edit]

In 1210 a group of Cathars sought refuge in the village after the massacre at Béziers during the Albigensian Crusade. The village was besieged by Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester. The attacking army besieged the village for six weeks before it capitulated. They set up four trebuchets around the fortification: three to attack the village, and the largest, Malevoisine, to attack the town's water supply. Eventually the commander of the 200-strong garrison, Viscount Guilhem of Minerve, gave in and negotiated a surrender which saved the villagers and himself after the destruction of the town's main well. However, 140 Cathars refused to give up their faith and were burned to death at the stake on 22 July.

Geography[edit]

The village is situated on top of the gorge of the River Cesse in a naturally strong defensive position. Near the village the river disappears underground in a large, naturally-carved tunnel.

Pictures[edit]


Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 250 —    
1800 226 −9.6%
1806 285 +26.1%
1821 276 −3.2%
1831 309 +12.0%
1836 357 +15.5%
1841 395 +10.6%
1846 403 +2.0%
1851 403 +0.0%
1856 386 −4.2%
1861 350 −9.3%
1866 326 −6.9%
1872 289 −11.3%
1876 266 −8.0%
1881 265 −0.4%
1886 246 −7.2%
1891 261 +6.1%
1896 240 −8.0%
1901 240 +0.0%
1906 225 −6.2%
1911 235 +4.4%
1921 240 +2.1%
1926 204 −15.0%
1931 213 +4.4%
1936 217 +1.9%
1946 189 −12.9%
1954 166 −12.2%
1962 138 −16.9%
1968 125 −9.4%
1975 106 −15.2%
1982 112 +5.7%
1990 104 −7.1%
1999 111 +6.7%
2008 122 +9.9%

Miscellaneous[edit]

Minerve has been selected as one of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The Most Beautiful Villages Of France"). Historically, the village has been the capital of the Minervois wine region. The main bridge leading into the village is closed to all passenger vehicles not owned by residents of Minerve. Of all of the original fortifications, only a slender octagonal tower, known locally as the Candela, survives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]