Mingachevir Dam

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Mingachevir Dam
Mingachevir Reservoir, Azerbaijan.JPG
Dam and reservoir
Mingachevir Dam is located in Azerbaijan
Mingachevir Dam
Location of Mingachevir Dam
Country Azerbaijan
Location Mingachevir
Coordinates 40°47′24″N 47°1′42″E / 40.79000°N 47.02833°E / 40.79000; 47.02833Coordinates: 40°47′24″N 47°1′42″E / 40.79000°N 47.02833°E / 40.79000; 47.02833
Purpose Power, irrigation
Status Operational
Construction began 1945
Opening date 1953; 62 years ago (1953)
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, earth-fill
Impounds Kura River
Height 80 m (260 ft)
Length 1,550 m (5,090 ft)
Reservoir
Creates Mingachevir reservoir
Total capacity 15.730 km3 (12,753,000 acre·ft)
Active capacity 9 km3 (7,300,000 acre·ft)
Surface area 605 km2 (234 sq mi)
Max. length 70 km (43 mi)
Power station
Operator(s) Azerenerji
Commission date 1953/2000
Type Conventional
Hydraulic head 65 m (213 ft)
Turbines 6 x 70 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 420 MW (560,000 hp)

The Mingachevir Dam is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Kura River just north of Mingachevir in Azerbaijan. The dam serves several purposes to include hydroelectric power production and water storage for irrigation. Its power station is the largest hydroelectric-type in the country with an installed capacity of 420 megawatts (560,000 hp).[1] Mingachevir reservoir, behind the dam, supplies water to the Upper Qarabag and Upper Sirvan Channels which help irrigate about 1,000,000 ha (2,500,000 acres) of farmland in the country. The dam was constructed between 1945 and 1953. Its six Francis turbine-generators were overhauled or replaced with 70 megawatts (94,000 hp) sets in 2000.[2] Mingachevir reservoir has a storage capacity of 15.730 cubic kilometres (12,753,000 acre·ft), covering 605 km2 (234 sq mi). The length of the dam is 1,550 metres (5,090 ft), its width is 16 metres (52 ft) and height is 80 m (260 ft).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Energy production". AzerEnerji. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Hydroelectric Plants in the CIS - other countries". IndustCards. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Azerenerji Hydropower Optimization Project" (PDF). United Nations CDM. p. 4. Retrieved 12 March 2015.