Miniature park

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Part of the one-ninth scale model of Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England
Cockington Green, miniature village in Canberra, Australia

A miniature park is an open space that displays miniature buildings and models, and is usually open to the public. A miniature park may contain a model of a single city or town, often called a miniature city or model village, or it can contain a number of different sets of models. They have been developed as recreational and tourist attractions, with possible roots in Japanese miniature gardens.

Most examples are located in landscaped outdoor spaces, but the definition has widened in recent years to encompass large-scale miniature landscapes indoors.

History[edit]

A model of a burning house at Bekonscot

There is evidence to suggest the existence of private model villages and miniature parks since the 19th century, but it was only in the 1930s to 1950s that the genre became tourist attractions. Early examples include Bekonscot in the UK and Madurodam in The Hague.

Variations on a theme[edit]

"Mini-Tapiola" is a miniature version of the centre of Tapiola, Espoo, within the centre itself.

Most model villages and parks are built to a consistent scale; varying from 1:76 as used by the intricately detailed Pendon in England up to the 1:9 scale of Wimborne Model Town.

Continental Europe and Asia have tended to favour the scale of 1:25, whilst North American and UK examples have been based upon 1:12 and other variants.

PIPKA There has been a move away from the "model village" concept since the mid- to late 20th century towards a "miniature park" concept. Model villages are typically larger-scale, sit in a cohesive miniature landscape and allow viewing and physical interaction with the exhibits, such as publicly accessed streets and urban areas. Miniature parks however, are primarily concerned with the display of exhibits in their own right, viewed from a distance. Model railways, rivers and roads may provide a continuation between miniature parks exhibits.

Other forms of miniature exhibitions[edit]

Some exhibitions are displayed indoors. The most common forms are model railroads and dollhouses.

List of miniature parks[edit]

1:25 replica of Michalska Gate (Bratislava) in Miniuni, Ostrava
Replica of the Hillbrow Tower at the Santarama Miniland, Johannesburg, South Africa

Europe[edit]

Austria[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

The Madurodam

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

  • Park Miniatur Zabytków Dolnego Śląska in Kowary
  • Nadmorski Park Miniatur i Kolejek w Dziwnowie
  • Park Miniatur Latarni Morskich in Niechorze
  • Park Miniatur "Świat Marzeń" in Inwałd

Portugal[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

An overview of the Babbacombe Model Village
The Former Model Village at the Eastbourne Redoubt

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

Asia/Pacific Region[edit]

Australia[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Japan[edit]

1:25 scale replica of St Peter's Basilica in Tobu World Square, Japan

South Korea[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Myanmar[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

China[edit]

South Africa[edit]

South America[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Israel[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.minimundus-bodensee.de/
  2. ^ "Lichtenstein - Mit über 100 weltbekannten Miniatur-Bauwerken im Maßstab 1:25 auf 4,5 Hektar Fläche ein touristischer Ausflug für die ganze Familie.". miniwelt.de. 
  3. ^ http://www.modelvillage.ie/index.htm
  4. ^ "Italia in Miniatura". italiainminiatura.com. 
  5. ^ http://www.minitalia.com/it/home/
  6. ^ Super User. "www.sardegnainminiatura.it - Home". sardegnainminiatura.it. 
  7. ^ http://uk.lilleputthammer.no/index.php
  8. ^ http://www.matusovo-kralovstvo.sk/
  9. ^ http://www.pasionmudejar.com/
  10. ^ http://www.aventyrslandet.se/miniland.asp
  11. ^ "swissminiatur". swissminiatur.ch. 
  12. ^ "Minicity Antalya". antalyanet.de. 
  13. ^ "Tourist Attraction / Activities in Blackpool - Blackpool Model Village". blackpoolmodelvillage.com. 
  14. ^ "Anglesey Model Village and Gardens". angleseymodelvillage.co.uk. 
  15. ^ a b http://www.visitisleofwight.co.uk/things-to-do/godshill-model-village-p137341
  16. ^ "Model Village in Great Yarmouth. Merrivale Model Village Norfolk, England". greatyarmouthmodelvillage.co.uk. 
  17. ^ "Babbacombe Model Village". babbacombemodelvillage.co.uk. 
  18. ^ "miniaturapark.co.uk". miniaturapark.co.uk. 
  19. ^ http://www.ruskinmuseum.com/usher.htm
  20. ^ "Lakeland Miniature Village attraction in the English Lake District". lakelandminiaturevillage.com. 
  21. ^ "Corfe Castle Model Village, Gardens & Cafe. Home Page.". corfecastlemodelvillage.co.uk. 
  22. ^ http://www.portsmouth-guide.co.uk/local/modelvil.htm
  23. ^ "Southport Model Railway Village". southportmodelrailwayvillage.co.uk. 
  24. ^ http://www.enjoyengland.com/attractions/find-attraction/ProductDetail.aspx?Pid=125109
  25. ^ http://www.wlct.org/Leisure/Haigh/Park.htm
  26. ^ http://www.skegnessuk.com/att_detail.php?id=313&cid=565&f=Skegness
  27. ^ "Wistow.com - Model Village". wistow.com. 
  28. ^ http://www.bekonscot.com/ramsgate/
  29. ^ http://www.whitstablepier.com/mv/Hastings/index.html
  30. ^ http://www.whitstablepier.com/mv/Eastbourne/index.html
  31. ^ http://www.whitstablepier.com/mv/Wannock/index.html
  32. ^ "Cockington Green Gardens". cockingtongreen.com.au. 
  33. ^ "Tudor Miniature Vlllage Fitzroy Gardens Melbourne". funtours.com.au. 
  34. ^ "TOBU WORLD SQUARE". tobuws.co.jp. 
  35. ^ "National Races Village". myanmars.net. 
  36. ^ http://www.woc.com.tw
  37. ^ "Beijing World Park". kinabaloo.com. 
  38. ^ http://www.miniland.co.za/
  39. ^ http://minimundo.com.br/minimundo/index.htm
  40. ^ http://www.mini-israel.co.il/home_en.html

External links[edit]