Minister for Iceland

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Minister for Iceland of Iceland
Ráðherra Íslands
Before 1904:
Ministry of Justice of Denmark
Member of Before 1904:
Cabinet of Denmark
After 1904:
Seat Before 1904:
Copenhagen
After 1904:
Reykjavík
Appointer Monarch of Denmark
Constituting instrument Before 1904:
Constitution of Denmark
After 1904:
Constitution of Iceland
Precursor Justice Minister of Denmark
Formation In Denmark:
5 January 1874
In Iceland:
1 February 1904
First holder In Denmark:
Christian Sophus Klein
In Iceland:
Hannes Hafstein
Final holder In Denmark:
Peter Adler Alberti
In Iceland:
Jón Magnússon
Abolished In Denmark:
1 February 1904
In Iceland:
30 November 1918
Succession Prime Minister of Iceland
Deputy None.

Minister for Iceland (Danish: Minister for Island, Icelandic: Ráðherra Íslands) was a post in the Danish cabinet for affairs with the Icelandic territory.

The post was established on 5 January 1874 as according to the Constitution of Iceland the executive power rested in the King of Denmark through the Danish cabinet. The post as Minister for Iceland was a part of the post as Justice Minister of Denmark until 1904 as the Constitutional Act of Iceland of 3 October 1903 stated that the Minister for Iceland had to be a resident of Reykjavík and be able to read and write Icelandic, and the minister was made responsible to the Icelandic parliament and Iceland obtained home rule. The post then became linked to the post as Prime Minister of Iceland.

In 1918, Denmark recognised Iceland as an independent and sovereign state in a personal union with Denmark—the Kingdom of Iceland—and the post was closed down on 30 November 1918.

List of ministers[edit]

Constitution (1874–1904)[edit]

Minister Took office Left office Duration Party Cabinet
1 Christian Sophus Klein.jpg Christian Sophus Klein
(1824–1900)
14 July 1874 11 June 1875 10 months, 28 days
(332 days)
National Liberal Party Fonnesbech
2 Johannes Nellemann.jpg Johannes Magnus Valdemar Nellemann
(1831–1906)
11 June 1875 13 June 1896 21 years, 2 days
(7,673 days)
Højre Estrup
Reedtz-Thott
3 Nicolai Reimer Rump.jpg Nicolai Reimer Rump
(1834–1900)
13 June 1896 28 August 1899 3 years, 2 months, 15 days
(1,171 days)
Højre Reedtz-Thott
Hørring
4 Hørring HE.jpg Hugo Egmont Hørring
(1842–1909)
28 August 1899 27 April 1900 7 months, 30 days
(242 days)
Højre Hørring
5 Carl Goos.jpg August Hermann Ferdinand Carl Goos
(1835–1917)
27 April 1900 24 July 1901 1 year, 2 months, 27 days
(453 days)
Højre Sehested
6 Alberti PA.jpg Peter Adler Alberti
(1851–1932)
24 July 1901 1 February 1904 2 years, 6 months, 8 days
(922 days)
Left Reform Party Deuntzer

Home rule (1904–1918)[edit]

Minister Took office Left office Duration Party Cabinet
7 Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
1 February 1904 31 March 1909 5 years, 1 month, 30 days
(1,885 days)
Home Rule Party Deuntzer
J.C. Christensen I
J.C. Christensen II
Neergaard I
8 Bjorn Jonsson.jpg Björn Jónsson
(1846–1912)
31 March 1909 14 March 1911 1 year, 11 months, 14 days
(713 days)
Independence Party Neergaard I
Holstein-Ledreborg
Zahle I
Klaus Berntsen
9 Kristjan Jonsson.jpg Kristján Jónsson
(1852–1926)
14 March 1911 25 July 1912 1 year, 4 months, 11 days
(499 days)
independent Klaus Berntsen
(7) Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
25 July 1912 21 July 1914 1 year, 11 months, 26 days
(726 days)
Union Party Klaus Berntsen
Zahle II
10 Sigurður Eggerz.jpg Sigurður Eggerz
(1875–1945)
21 July 1914 4 May 1915 9 months, 13 days
(287 days)
Independence Party Zahle II
11 EinarArnorsson.jpg Einar Arnórsson
(1880–1955)
4 May 1915 4 January 1917 1 year, 8 months
(611 days)
Independence Party
langsum
12 Vertical placeholder.png Jón Magnússon
(1859–1926)
4 January 1917 30 November 1918 1 year, 10 months, 26 days
(695 days)
Home Rule Party

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dam, Poul (1996). Hvem var minister (3. edition). Aros. ISBN 87-7003-553-9. (Danish)
  • Skou, Kaare R. (2005). Dansk politik A–Å. Aschehoug. ISBN 87-11-11652-8. (Danish)
  • Sundbøl, Per (1978). Dansk Islandspolitik 1913-1918. Odense Universitetsforlag. ISBN 87-7492-246-7. (Danish)