Minister for Immigration and Border Protection (Australia)

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Minister for Immigration and Border Protection
Scott Morrison.jpg
Incumbent
Scott Morrison

since 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18)
Department of Immigration and Citizenship
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor-General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Australia
Inaugural holder Arthur Calwell
Formation 13 July 1945 (1945-07-13)
Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection
Incumbent
Michaelia Cash

since 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18)
Department of Immigration and Citizenship
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor-General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Australia
Inaugural holder Clyde Holding
Formation 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02)

The Australian Minister for Immigration and Border Protection is the Hon. Scott Morrison MP.

The Australian Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection is Senator the Hon. Michaelia Cash.

In the Government of Australia, the above Ministers administer these portfolios through the Department of Immigration and Citizenship.

Scope[edit]

The portfolio and department came into being in July 1945, during the last months of World War II. Previously, immigration affairs were handled by the Minister for Home Affairs (1901–1932) and the Minister for the Interior (1932–1945). An exception was between January 1925 and January 1928, when Reginald Wilson and Thomas Paterson were Ministers for Markets and Migration.[1]

The Minister for Immigration, Multicultural Affairs and Citizenship is usually one of the senior members of Cabinet, although between the Tenth Menzies Ministry and the Third Fraser Ministry, the post was downgraded to that of a junior minister. The minister and department has on several occasions been responsible for another portfolio in addition to immigration, such as ethnic/multicultural affairs or local government.[2]

List of Immigration Ministers[edit]

The following individuals have been appointed as Minister for Immigration and Border Protection, or any precedent titles:[3]

Order Minister Party Prime Minister Title Term start Term end Term in office
1 Arthur Calwell   Labor Chifley Minister for Immigration 13 July 1945 (1945-07-13) 19 December 1949 (1949-12-19) 4 years, 159 days
2 Harold Holt Liberal Menzies 19 December 1949 (1949-12-19) 24 October 1956 (1956-10-24) 6 years, 310 days
3 Athol Townley 24 October 1956 (1956-10-24) 19 March 1958 (1958-03-19) 1 year, 146 days
4 Alec Downer 19 March 1958 (1958-03-19) 18 December 1963 (1963-12-18) 5 years, 274 days
5 Hubert Opperman 18 December 1963 (1963-12-18) 26 January 1966 (1966-01-26) 2 years, 361 days
Holt 26 January 1966 (1966-01-26) 14 December 1966 (1966-12-14)
6 Billy Snedden 14 December 1966 (1966-12-14) 19 December 1967 (1967-12-19) 2 years, 333 days
McEwen 19 December 1967 (1967-12-19) 10 January 1968 (1968-01-10)
Gorton 10 January 1968 (1968-01-10) 12 November 1969 (1969-11-12)
7 Phillip Lynch McMahon 12 November 1969 (1969-11-12) 22 March 1971 (1971-03-22) 1 year, 130 days
8 Jim Forbes 22 March 1971 (1971-03-22) 5 December 1972 (1972-12-05) 1 year, 258 days
9 Lance Barnard1 Labor Whitlam 5 December 1972 (1972-12-05) 19 December 1972 (1972-12-19) 14 days
10 Al Grassby 19 December 1972 (1972-12-19) 12 June 1974 (1974-06-12) 1 year, 175 days
11 Clyde Cameron Minister for Labour and Immigration 12 June 1974 (1974-06-12) 6 June 1975 (1975-06-06) 359 days
12 Jim McClelland 6 June 1975 (1975-06-06) 11 November 1975 (1975-11-11) 158 days
13 Tony Street Liberal Fraser 12 November 1975 (1975-11-12) 22 December 1975 (1975-12-22) 40 days
14 Michael MacKellar Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs 22 December 1975 (1975-12-22) 8 December 1979 (1979-12-08) 3 years, 351 days
15 Ian Macphee 8 December 1979 (1979-12-08) 7 May 1982 (1982-05-07) 2 years, 150 days
16 John Hodges 7 May 1982 (1982-05-07) 11 March 1983 (1983-03-11) 308 days
17 Stewart West Labor Hawke 11 March 1983 (1983-03-11) 13 December 1984 (1984-12-13) 1 year, 277 days
18 Chris Hurford 13 December 1984 (1984-12-13) 16 February 1987 (1987-02-16) 2 years, 65 days
19 Mick Young Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs 16 February 1987 (1987-02-16) 12 February 1988 (1988-02-12) 361 days
20 Clyde Holding 12 February 1988 (1988-02-12) 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) 203 days
21 Robert Ray 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 1 year, 214 days
22 Gerry Hand 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 20 December 1991 (1991-12-20) 2 years, 354 days
Keating 20 December 1991 (1991-12-20) 24 March 1993 (1993-03-24)
23 Nick Bolkus Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs 24 March 1993 (1993-03-24) 11 March 1996 (1996-03-11) 2 years, 353 days
24 Philip Ruddock Liberal Howard Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs 11 March 1996 (1996-03-11) 26 November 2001 (2001-11-26) 7 years, 210 days
Minister for Immigration, Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs 26 November 2001 (2001-11-26) 7 October 2003 (2003-10-07)
25 Amanda Vanstone 7 October 2003 (2003-10-07) 27 January 2006 (2006-01-27) 3 years, 115 days
Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs 27 January 2006 (2006-01-27) 30 January 2007 (2007-01-30)
26 Kevin Andrews Minister for Immigration and Citizenship 30 January 2007 (2007-01-30) 3 December 2007 (2007-12-03) 307 days
27 Chris Evans Labor Rudd 3 December 2007 (2007-12-03) 24 June 2010 (2010-06-24) 2 years, 285 days
Gillard 24 June 2010 (2010-06-24) 14 September 2010 (2010-09-14)
28 Chris Bowen 14 September 2010 (2010-09-14) 4 February 2013 (2013-02-04) 2 years, 143 days
29 Brendan O'Connor 4 February 2013 (2013-02-04) 1 July 2013 (2013-07-01) 147 days
30 Tony Burke Rudd Minister for Immigration, Multicultural Affairs and Citizenship 1 July 2013 (2013-07-01) 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) 79 days
31 Scott Morrison Liberal Abbott Minister for Immigration and Border Protection 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) Incumbent 315 days

Notes

1 Barnard was one of a two-man ministry consisting of himself and Gough Whitlam for two weeks until the full ministry was announced.

List of Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection[edit]

On 24 July 1987 (1987-07-24) the third Hawke ministry implemented a two-level ministerial structure, with distinctions drawn between senior and junior ministers. This arrangement has been continued by subsequent ministries; although there has not always been a junior minister in the immigration portfolio. Senior ministers are shown above. Junior ministers are shown below. The following individuals have been appointed as Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection, or any precedent titles:[3]

Order Minister Party affiliation Prime Minister Ministerial title Term start Term end Term in office
1 Clyde Holding   Labor Hawke Minister Assisting the Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 1 year, 214 days
2 Gary Hardgrave   Liberal Howard Minister for Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs 26 November 2001 (2001-11-26) 26 October 2004 (2004-10-26) 2 years, 335 days
3 Peter McGauran   National 26 October 2004 (2004-10-26) 6 July 2005 (2005-07-06) 253 days
4 John Cobb   6 July 2005 (2005-07-06) 27 January 2006 (2006-01-27) 205 days
5 Kate Lundy   Labor Gillard Minister for Multicultural Affairs 5 March 2012 (2012-03-05) 27 June 2013 (2013-06-27) 1 year, 197 days
  Rudd 27 June 2013 (2013-06-27) 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18)
6 Michaelia Cash Liberal Abbott Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) incumbent 315 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Calwell Onward: Immigration Ministers in the Library’s Oral History Collection". National Library of Australia. June 2005. 
  2. ^ "Immigration Ministers in Manuscripts". National Library of Australia. August 2005. 
  3. ^ a b "Ministries and Cabinets". 43rd Parliamentary Handbook: Historical information on the Australian Parliament. Parliament of Australia. 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 

External links[edit]