Minister of Shipping
The Minister of Shipping was a British government post created during the First World War and again during the Second World War. In 1941 it was merged into the position of Minister of Transport which was then renamed Minister of War Transport.
Minister of Shipping (1916-21)
- Sir Joseph Maclay, Bt (16 December 1916 – 31 March 1921), Shipping Controller
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Shipping (1916-21)
As Sir Joseph Maclay was not a Member of Parliament, it was necessary to appoint a Parliamentary Secretary to represent him in the Commons. He was only made Baron Maclay after he left office.
- Sir Leo Chiozza Money (22 December 1916 – 10 January 1919)
- Leslie Orme Wilson (10 January 1919 – 31 March 1921)
Ministers of Shipping (1939-41)
- Sir John Gilmour (13 October 1939 – 30 March 1940) (deceased)
- Robert Hudson (3 April – 14 May 1940)
- Ronald Cross (14 May 1940 – 1 May 1941)
The responsibilities overseen by the minister included what had been the Board of Admiralty's Department of Sea Transport, and originally the Board of Transport. In 1917, this was transferred to become the Ministry of Shipping, with responsibility for 'sea transport of military forces and supplies, food and raw materials for industry, Atlantic, Gibraltar and Russian convoys, shipping losses and tonnage requirements, shipbuilding and other matters relating to wartime British and allied control of merchant shipping'. All but the military transport ceased soon after the end of World War I. The Military Sea Transport Division then became part of the Board of Trade, within Mercantile Marine Department.
The Ministry of Shipping was reinstated with the outbreak of war in 1939, with a Sea Transport Division. The division was moved to the Ministry of War Transport in 1941. From 1946, it was a division of the Ministry of Transport; from 1965, the Shipping Division of the Board of Trade; and from 1970 of the Department of Trade and Industry.
- The National Archive, catalogue for ADM 108
- The National Archive, catalogue for MT 25
- The National Archive, catalogue for MT40