Situ (office)

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Situ (Chinese: 司徒; pinyin: sītú), translated variously as Minister over the Masses[1] or Excellency over the Masses[2] in English, was one of the three most important official posts during the Han Dynasty, called the Three Excellencies. The nominal salary attached was 20,000 dàn () of grain. The title had existed since the Western Zhou Dynasty, and was originally written as 司土 (sītǔ), meaning Administrator of Land.[3][4][5]

The title is the origin of the surname Situ.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bielenstein, 207–230
  2. ^ de Crespigny, 1221
  3. ^ 中国古代官制常识 (in Chinese). 2010-10-25. Retrieved 2013-10-22. 
  4. ^ 周代司徒职分考辨 (in Chinese). CNKI. Retrieved 2013-10-22. 
  5. ^ Michael Loewe The Men Who Governed Han China Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods (2004)