Ministry of Agriculture (India)
The Ministry of Agriculture, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to agriculture in India. The 3 broad areas of scope for the Ministry are agriculture, food processing and co-operation. The agriculture ministry is headed by Sharad Pawar Minister of Agriculture Sharad Pawar. Charan Das Mahant and Tariq Anwar Politician are the Ministers of State and Ashish Bahuguna is the Secretary of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
Agriculture is the principal source of livelihood for more than 58% of the population of India. Agriculture provides the bulk of wage goods required by non-agriculture sectors and most of the raw materials for the industries sector. India is a largely agrarian economy - with 52.1% of the population estimated to directly or indirectly employed in agriculture and allied sectors in 2009-10. Agriculture in India is of significance because of this as well as a history of food shortages and a growing population.
Department of Revenue and Agriculture and Commerce was set up in June 1871 to deal with all the agricultural matters in India. Until this ministry was established, matters related to agriculture were within the portfolio of the Home Department.
In 1881, Department of Revenue & Agriculture was set up to deal with combined portfolios of education, health, agriculture, revenue. However, In 1947, Department of Agriculture was redesignated as Ministry of Agriculture.
Structure & Departments
The Ministry of Agriculture consists of the following three Departments.
- Department of Agriculture and Co-operation. This Department's responsibilities are assigned to it in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 as amended time to time. Co-operation in this context refers largely to promote farmer co-operative movements.
- Department of Agriculture Research and Education. This Department's responsibilities are basic and operation research, technology development, improving linkages between various organisations and state governments across the country. In addition, this Department manages the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
- Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries. This Department's primary responsibilities are to increase the productivity of livestock and aquaculture.
The administrative head of the Ministry are the Secretaries of the three departments.
A leading program of the Ministry is the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana - which was launched in 2007 on the recommendations of the National Development Council of India. This program sought to improve the overall state of agriculture in India by providing stronger planning, better co-ordination and greater funding to improve productivity and overall output. The total budget for this program in 2009-10 was just over INR 38,000 crore.
Reports & Statistics
The Ministry publishes an annual report titled "Agricultural Statistics At a Glance". This gives a detailed picture of the state of the India's agriculture including demographics of the agrarian sector, crop production (including state-wise and crop-wise break-ups), rural economic indicators such as credit, etc. The latest report has been published for 2010.
- Minister of Agriculture
- Agricultural insurance in India
- National Portal of India
- Department of Agriculture (Tamil Nadu)
- Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (Tamil Nadu)
-  Sharad Pawar
- Economic Survey 2010, p. 180.
- "Organisational History of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation". Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Ministry of Agriculture
- Directory of Ministry of Agriculture websites
- Ranbir Singh Kanwar Sugarcane Research in North India
- http://www.icar.org.in/ India Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR)
- Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices
- Plant Quarantine Organisation of India
- National Seeds Corporation Limited