Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan

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Ministry of Defence of Azerbaijan
Аzərbаycаn Rеspubliкаsının Мüdаfiə Sənаyеsi Nаzirliyi
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
Coat of Arms of Azerbaijan
Agency overview
Formed December 16, 2005
Headquarters 40, Metbuat Ave. Baku, AZ 1141, Azerbaijan Republic
Agency executive Yavar Jamalov, Minister of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan
Website www.mdi.gov.az

The Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Аzərbаycаn Rеspubliкаsının Мüdаfiə Sənаyеsi Nаzirliyi) is a governmental agency within the Cabinet of Azerbaijan in charge of design, manufacturing, regulation and maintenance of products in the fields of defense, radio electronics, instrument engineering.

The Ministry was established on December 16, 2005 by presidential decree. The new Ministry, headed by Yavar Jamalov, incorporated the State Departments for Military Industry and for Armaments and the Military Science Center, each of which was formerly a separate agency within the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry.

Background[edit]

Azerbaijan has a desire to become a major arms exporter to the South Caucasus, Central Asia and Middle East. It was announced in January 2008 that the defence industry of Azerbaijan would begin to manufacture armoured personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles, as well as small calibre artillery guns.[1] Whether this has actually taken place is unclear. The new ministry is cooperating with the defence sectors of Ukraine, Belarus and Pakistan.[2] In 2008 several more military factories were created in Azerbaijan.

According to Sumarinly, the MDI has been in talks with various Israeli defense firms and two Turkish companies about the production of an armored vehicle based on the Russian T-55 tank’s chassis. MDI will also provide 30 South-African-designed Matador and Marauder armored vehicles to the army.

In March 2011 the MDI presented its prototype of an Austrian-designed four-seater known as the Diamond DA-42 military passenger plane. The plane is assembled by AZAD Systems, an Azerbaijani state-owned firm.[3]

Overall, Azerbaijani military production more than doubled between 2009 and 2010, and the product line expanded by 17 percent, according to MDI.

Enterprises[edit]

Enterprises of the Ministry include:[4]

  • RPE Iglim, "Avia-Agregat" plant, RPE "Sanayejihaz" ("Prompribor"), RPE "Dalga” and "Alov"plant are the biggest suppliers for aviation and shipbuilding industries.
  • Radiogurashdirma ("Radio engineering"), "Azon", "Peyk" and "Computer" plants are manufacturing products for communication means and radio-electronic industry.
  • RPE Neftgazavtomat, "Telemekhanika" and Baku "Jihazgayirma" (Instrument Engineering) plants are involved in manufacture of devices and automation systems for monitoring technological processes in oil/gas production, refinery and chemical industries.
  • RPE Automatic Lines is manufacturing non-standard equipment and products for application in electrotechnical &machine engineering industries.
  • Avia-Agregat manufactures multi-purpose aviation equipment, various airdrome conditioners, universal container of board conductor, air-to-air radiators, fuel-oil, air-to-air heat exchangers, ventilators.
  • AZAD Systems

Cooperation[edit]

The Ministry’s enterprises co-operate with partners in many foreign countries in following areas:

  • Aviation
  • Oil industry
  • Instrument Engineering
  • Navigation

Recently, the Turkish firms of ASELSAN and MKEK has signed a deal with Azerbaijan. ASELSAN has been awarded to co-produce monocular night vision sights and thermal scopes (sniper rifles etc.) with Azerbaijan.

Makina Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (MKE) has been awarded a contract worth $ 1.150.000 to produce weapons, ammunition, chemicals and other materials. Besides the contract, MKEK will also take part in the assistance of modernization of the Azeri defense industries.[5]

Azerbaijani-made prototypes of Orbiter 2M Unmanned aerial vehicle are expected to undergo testing for up to two years. Full-scale production won’t begin before 2013, under the existing timetable.[6] Production of drones has started at Azad Systems, a joint venture between Azerbaijan’s Defence Industry Ministry and Israeli manufacturer Aeronautics.[7][8]

Research Production Enterprise Iglim[edit]

  • Multi-purpose Airfield Conditioners: АК-04-9А; АК-1,6-9А
  • Attendant’s Container KBU 8-10
  • Air-to-Air Radiators: VVR 01.7604.5100.00;
    • VVR 5.12.7604.0020.00; VVR 2.11.7604.0400.00;
  • Fuel-Oil Radiators: 5451Т; 5580Т; 5783 Т-1
  • Fuel-Oil Heat Exchangers: 6212 Т; 6212Т-01; 6107 Т
  • Air-to-Air Heat Exchanger 6246 Т
  • Supercharger 5620
  • Dehydrator 2394T
  • Fans: 5617 Т; 4523
  • Air Drier 6011
  • Moisture separators: 2227; 6368; 5676А; 2788; 6377; 6917; 6678

Air Force[edit]

The country is also manufactures Israeli-designed spy planes. Among the licensed pilotless spy plane is the Orbiter-2M and the Aerostar. Both are manufactured at the government-owned Azad Systems Company plant near Baku.[9][10] The head of the Defense Industry, Yaver Jamalov, said that by the end of 2011 a total of 60 UAVs will be produced.[11][12]

Navy[edit]

In May 2011, President of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic Rovnag Abdullayev stated that Azerbaijan will start the production of national warships after 2013.[13][14]

Current production[edit]

In 2008, Azerbaijan revealed the Istiglal IST-14.5. An anti-material rifle, which can be taken down into 2 separate components for easy transportation.[15][16] The rifle is said to be operable in adverse weather such as rain and dirt with temperature ranges from 50 to -50 degrees Celsius.[15][16] The rifle is operated in several countries. In 2011, Azerbaijan has begun producing AK-74M assault rifles under a license from the Russian armaments manufacturer Izhmash.[17] The assault rifles are being produced for the Azerbaijani Armed Forces under the name Khazri.[18] In addition to production of Istiglal IST-14.5 and AK-74M, Azerbaijan has also been producing the following weapon systems:

  • IST – 12.7 mm calibre sniper rifle
  • UP-7.62 submachine gun
  • Inam, Zafar, and Zafar-K pistols (jointly with the Turkish TİSAŞ company)
  • 7.62 x 54 mm GPMG to be integrated with tanks and armoured vehicles
  • Qaya-1 and Qaya-2 RPG-7V2 hand-held anti-tank grenade launchers
  • 60 mm mortar
  • 82 mm mortar
  • 107 mm reactive volley-fire system (gate mechanism and missiles)
  • Matador and Marauder mine-protected armoured vehicles (jointly with the Paramount Group of South Africa)
  • Small fire arms, munitions for artillery-type weaponry, mines, Qigilcim mine and bomb clearance system, helmets, ballistic protection, optical devices, collimator, thermal sighting system, multi-spectral covers, dosimeters for submariners and more.[19]

Potential future projects[edit]

Murad Bayar, the undersecretary for Turkish Defense Industries, said that Turkey aimed to manufacture new tanks for the Turkish Armed Forces. "Some of these tanks could be manufactured in Azerbaijan, and some can be produced in Turkey, joint production with Azerbaijan in line with this country`s needs in the future." Bayar told.[20]

Azerbaijani-made prototypes of Orbiter 2M Unmanned aerial vehicle are expected to undergo testing for up to two years. Full-scale production won’t begin before 2013, under the existing timetable.[6] Production of drones has started at Azad Systems, a joint venture between Azerbaijan’s Defence Industry Ministry and Israeli manufacturer Aeronautics.[7][8]

According to the Azerbaijani APA agency in November 2010, "Azerbaijan is in the negotiations with some other countries on helicopter production." - said by the Minister of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan, Yavar Jamalov. He also mentioned that recently the Ukrainian Premier Minister offered Azerbaijan joint production of 100 helicopters[21] and it is possible. According to him, the Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan is in the negotiations with some other countries as well as Ukraine.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC Monitoring Service, APA News Agency,, AZERBAIJAN TO START MANUFACTURING ARMS, MILITARY HARDWARE IN 2008, 26 January 2008
  2. ^ Richard Giragosian, Azerbaijan: Baku Signals New Determination For Defense Reform, RFE/RL, February 01, 2007
  3. ^ Azerbaijan: Baku Aims to Become Regional Arms Dealer
  4. ^ Aircraft Repair Plant of Azerbaijan to be reconstructed
  5. ^ ASELSAN, Azerbaycan ve Körfez ülkeleri ile ortaklaşa gece görüş sistemleri üretecek. MKE ise Azerbaycan'la silah üretiminde işbirliğine gidecek.
  6. ^ a b Abbasov, Shahin. "Azerbaijan: Baku Aims to Become Regional Arms Dealer". Eurasianet.org. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Smith, Mike. "Orbiter 2 to be built in Azerbaijan". Suas news. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Israel Markets UAVs To Moslems". Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Azerbaijan's Spying Carpets
  10. ^ "Azad Systems starts UAV production". "Flightglobal". April 8, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Azərbaycan ilin sonuna qədər 60 ədəd pilotsuz təyyarə istehsal edəcək". "ANS Press". May 11, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  12. ^ "До конца года Азербайджан произведет 60 беспилотников". Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  13. ^ "Azerbaijan to produce warships". Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "Azerbaijan to produce ships". Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  15. ^ a b "Azerbaijan’s "Istiglal" rifle becomes interesting for the world". 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  16. ^ a b "AZERBAIJAN’S "ISTIGLAL" RIFLE BECOMES INTERESTING FOR THE WORLD". 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  17. ^ "Azerbaijan begins AK-74M production". United Press International. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  18. ^ "Azerbaijan starts production of Kalashnikovs". News.az. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  19. ^ "The Emanzipation of Azerbaijan’s Defence Industry". Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
  20. ^ Azerbaijan May Join Turkey's New Tank Manufacturing Project, Bureaucrat
  21. ^ Azerbaijan and Ukraine plan to produce helicopter
  22. ^ "Azərbaycan helikopter istehsalı ilə bağlı danışıqlar aparır", Azadliq Radiosu, November 3, 2010

External links[edit]