Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (Netherlands)

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Ministry of Education, Culture and Science
Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschappen
Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
Coat of arms of the Netherlands
Ministerie OCW.jpg
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science
Department overview
Formed September 9, 1918; 95 years ago (1918-09-09)
Jurisdiction Kingdom of the Netherlands
Headquarters Rijnstraat 50, The Hague, Netherlands
Annual budget €31,4 billion (2013)[1]
Minister responsible Jet Bussemaker, Minister of Education, Culture and Science
Deputy Minister responsible Sander Dekker, State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science
Website Ministry of Education, Culture and Science

The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (Dutch: Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschappen; OCW) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Education, Culture, Science, Research, Gender equality and Communications. The Ministry was created in 1918 as the Ministry of Education, Arts and Sciences and had several name changes before it became the Education, Culture and Science in 1994. The Ministry is headed by the Minister of Education, Culture and Science, currently Jet Bussemaker.

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

Responsibilities[edit]

The mission of the ministry is to "work for a smart, able and creative Netherlands". The ministry is responsible for three fields of policy:

Organisation[edit]

The ministry is currently headed by one minister and one State Secretary. The ministry's main office is located in the Hoftoren, the tallest building of The Hague. The ministry has around 2500 civil servants. The civil service is headed by a secretary general and a deputy secretary general, who head a system of three directorates general:

  • Primary and Secondary Education;
  • Higher Education, Professional Training and Sciences;
  • and Culture and Media.

It has several autonomous agencies:

  • Central Financial Institution, which is responsible for the execution of financial policies:
  • Institute Collection Netherlands;
  • National Archive;
  • Government Service for Archeology, Cultural Landscape and Monuments;
  • Education Inspection;
  • Cultural Conservation Inspection;
  • Council for Science and Technology; Policy;
  • Council for Education;
  • and the Council for Culture.

History[edit]

The predecessor of the ministry, the Ministry of Education, Arts and Sciences was founded in 1918, as it became autonomous from the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. It was founded as a result of the resolution of the conflict about the equalization of the finance for religious and public schools. During the German occupation the ministry was renamed Department for Education, Sciences and Cultural Conservation and a separate Department for Propaganda and Arts. In 1965 the department for arts was integrated into the new Ministry of Culture, Recreation and Social Work]. In 1982 this cultural department was integrated into the Ministry of Health]. In 1996 cultural department returned to the Ministry of Education.

List of Ministers of Education, Culture and Science[edit]

For full list, see List of Ministers of Education, Culture and Science of the Netherlands. (Dutch)

Minister of Education,
Culture and Science
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Johannes Theodoor de Visser Johannes Theodoor de Visser September 9, 1918 –
August 4, 1925
CHU Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(De Beerenbrouck I • II)
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Victor Henri Rutgers August 4, 1925 –
March 8, 1926
ARP Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
M. A. M. Waszink Marius Alphonse Marie Waszink March 8, 1926 –
August 10, 1929
RKSP Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
Jan Terpstra Jan Terpstra August 10, 1929 –
May 26, 1933
ARP Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(De Beerenbrouck III)
Henri Marchant Henri Marchant May 26, 1933 –
May 18, 1935[Res]
VDB Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn II)
Jan Rudolph Slotemaker de Bruïne Jan Rudolph Slotemaker de Bruïne
(ad interim, May 18–July 31, 1935)
May 18, 1935 –
July 25, 1939
CHU Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn II • III • IV)
Bep Schrieke Bep Schrieke July 25, 1939 –
August 10, 1939
Indep. Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn V)
Gerrit Bolkestein Gerrit Bolkestein August 10, 1939 –
June 24, 1945
VDB Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy IIIIII)
Gerardus van der Leeuw Gerardus van der Leeuw June 24, 1945 –
July 3, 1946
SDAP
PvdA
Wim Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn-Drees)
Jos Gielen Jos Gielen July 3, 1946 –
August 7, 1948
KVP Louis Beel
(Beel I)
Theo Rutten Theo Rutten August 7, 1948 –
September 2, 1952
KVP Willem Drees
(Drees-Van SchaikDrees I)
Jo Cals Jo Cals September 2, 1952 –
July 24, 1963
KVP Willem Drees
(Drees IIIII)
Louis Beel
(Beel II)
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
Theo Bot Theo Bot July 24, 1963 –
April 14, 1965
KVP Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
Responsibility for Culture transferred to:
Ministry of Culture, Recreation and Social Work 1965–1982;
Ministry of Health, Welfare and Culture 1982–1994.
Minister of Education
and Science
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst April 14, 1965 –
April 5, 1967
ARP Jo Cals
(Cals)
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
Gerard Veringa Gerard Veringa April 5, 1967 –
July 6, 1971
KVP Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
Chris van Veen Chris van Veen July 6, 1971 –
May 11, 1973
CHU Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
Jos van Kemenade Jos van Kemenade May 11, 1973 –
December 19, 1977
PvdA Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
Arie Pais Arie Pais December 19, 1977 –
September 11, 1981
VVD Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
Jos van Kemenade Jos van Kemenade September 11, 1981 –
May 29, 1982[Res]
PvdA Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
Wim Deetman Wim Deetman May 29, 1982 –
September 14, 1989[1]
CDA Dries van Agt
(Van Agt III)
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
Gerrit Braks Gerrit Braks September 14, 1989 –
November 7, 1989
CDA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers II)
Jo Ritzen Jo Ritzen November 7, 1989 –
August 22, 1994
PvdA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
Minister of Education,
Culture and Science
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Jo Ritzen Jo Ritzen August 22, 1994 –
August 3, 1998
PvdA Wim Kok
(Kok I)
Loek Hermans Loek Hermans August 3, 1998 –
July 22, 2002
VVD Wim Kok
(Kok II)
Maria van der Hoeven Maria van der Hoeven July 22, 2002 –
February 22, 2007
CDA Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IIIIII)
Ronald Plasterk Ronald Plasterk February 22, 2007 –
February 23, 2010[Res]
PvdA Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
André Rouvoet André Rouvoet
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
February 23, 2010 –
October 14, 2010
CU
Marja van Bijsterveldt Marja van Bijsterveldt October 14, 2010 –
November 5, 2012
CDA Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
Jet Bussemaker Jet Bussemaker November 5, 2012 – PvdA Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
Res. Resigned.
1 Appointed President of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands

Living former Ministers of Education, Culture and Science[edit]

Minister of Education, Culture and Science Term Age
Jos van Kemenade 1973-1977, 1981-1982 (1937-03-06) March 6, 1937 (age 77)
Arie Pais 1977-1981 (1930-04-16) April 16, 1930 (age 84)
Wim Deetman 1982-1989 (1945-04-03) April 3, 1945 (age 69)
Gerrit Braks 1989 (1933-05-23) May 23, 1933 (age 81)
Jo Ritzen 1989-1998 (1945-10-03) October 3, 1945 (age 68)
Loek Hermans 1998-2002 (1951-04-23) April 23, 1951 (age 63)
Maria van der Hoeven 2002-2007 (1949-09-13) September 13, 1949 (age 64)
Ronald Plasterk 2007-2010 (1957-04-12) April 12, 1957 (age 57)
André Rouvoet 2010 (1962-01-04) January 4, 1962 (age 52)
Marja van Bijsterveldt 2010-2012 (1961-06-27) June 27, 1961 (age 53)
Jet Bussemaker 2012- (1961-01-15) January 15, 1961 (age 53)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) VIII Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap, Rijksoverheid, September 18, 2012

External links[edit]