Ministry of Education, Recreation and Sports (Quebec)

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The Ministry of Education, Recreation and Sports (in French: Ministère de l’Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport, abbreviated as MELS) is the government ministry of Quebec that governs education, recreation, and sports. The minister is the individual who has the political responsibility for the regulation and oversight of educational services offered in the province of Quebec as well as for the Ministry of Education.

The Quebec government abolished the Ministry of Public Instruction in 1875 to submit to the ultramontane Roman Catholic clergy which considered education the domain of the family and the Church, not the state.[1] Under the new provincial government of Premier Jean Lesage, in 1964 a Ministry of Education was established with Paul Gérin-Lajoie appointed the first Minister of Education since 1875.[2] For the majority of the time since the creation of the position, the minister has been responsible for both the period including up to and including secondary education and post-secondary education.

The following people have served as Quebec's Minister of Education:

  Name Took Office Left Office Party
     Paul Gérin-Lajoie May 13, 1964 June 16, 1966 Liberal
     Jean-Jacques Bertrand June 16, 1966 October 31, 1967 Union Nationale
     Jean-Guy Cardinal October 31, 1967 May 12, 1970 Union Nationale
     Guy Saint-Pierre May 12, 1970 February 2, 1972 Liberal
     François Cloutier February 2, 1972 July 31, 1975 Liberal
     Jérôme Choquette July 31, 1975 September 26, 1975 Liberal
     Raymond Garneau September 26, 1975 January 20, 1976 Liberal
     Jean Bienvenue January 20, 1976 November 26, 1976 Liberal
     Jacques-Yvan Morin November 26, 1976 November 6, 1980 Parti Québécois
     Camille Laurin November 6, 1980 March 5, 1984 Parti Québécois
     Yves Bérubé March 5, 1984 December 20, 1984 Parti Québécois
     François Gendron December 20, 1984 December 12, 1985 Parti Québécois
     Claude Ryan December 12, 1985 October 5, 1990 Liberal
     Michel Pagé October 5, 1990 October 29, 1992 Liberal
     Lucienne Robillard October 29, 1992 January 11, 1994 Liberal
     Jacques Chagnon January 11, 1994 September 25, 1994 Liberal
     Jean Garon September 26, 1994 January 28, 1996 Parti Québécois
     Pauline Marois January 28, 1996 December 15, 1998 Parti Québécois
     François Legault December 15, 1998 January 30, 2002 Parti Québécois
     Sylvain Simard January 30, 2002 April 29, 2003 Parti Québécois
     Pierre Reid April 29, 2003 February 18, 2005 Liberal
     Jean-Marc Fournier February 18, 2005 April 18, 2007 Liberal
     Michelle Courchesne April 18, 2007 August 10, 2010 Liberal
     Line Beauchamp August 10, 2010 May 14, 2012 Liberal
     Michelle Courchesne May 14, 2012 September 19, 2012 Liberal
     Marie Malavoy September 19, 2012 April 23, 2014 Parti Québécois
     Yves Bolduc April 23, 2014 Incumbent Liberal

Minister for Higher Education


Between 1984 and 1994, a second cabinet position was dedicated to higher education in addition to the position responsible for primary and secondary education. Premier Pauline Marois has restored this function with the nomination of Pierre Duchesne on September 19, 2012.

The following persons served as Quebec's Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology.

  Name Took Office Left Office Party
     Yves Bérubé December 20, 1984 October 16, 1985 Parti Québécois
     Jean-Guy Rodrigue October 16, 1985 December 12, 1985 Parti Québécois
     Claude Ryan December 12, 1985 October 5, 1990 Liberal
     Lucienne Robillard October 5, 1990 January 11, 1994 Liberal
     Pierre Duchesne September 19, 2012 April 23, 2014 Parti Québécois
     Yves Bolduc April 23, 2014 Incumbent Liberal

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nemni, Max and Monique. Young Trudeau: 1919-1944: Son of Quebec, Father of Canada. p. 31 Douglas Gibson Books. ISBN 978-0-7710-6749-5
  2. ^ Nemni, Max and Monique. Young Trudeau: 1919-1944: Son of Quebec, Father of Canada. p. 46 Douglas Gibson Books. ISBN 978-0-7710-6749-5

References[edit]

  • Hunte K. D. (1964). The Ministry of Public Instruction in Québec: 1867-1875, Ph. D. thesis, McGill University

External links[edit]