Ministry of Education (Chile)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo of the Ministry of Education of Chile

The Ministry of Education of Chile (MINEDUC) is the Ministry of State responsible for promoting the development of education at all levels, to assure all people access to basic education, to stimulate scientific and technological research and artistic creation, and the protection and enhancement of cultural heritage of the nation of Chile.

The current Minister of Education, since 11 March 2014, is Nicolás Eyzaguirre.

History[edit]

Chilean students in 2008.

The ministry began in 1837 as part of the Ministry of Justice and Religious Instruction. In those years the ministry was responsible for overseeing educational institutions such as the Instituto Nacional de Chile and Universidad de Chile. Since 1887 it was named Ministry of Justice and Public Instruction.

The Ministry of Education was separated from the Ministry of Justice in 1927, and became responsible for primary education, secondary education, vocational education, libraries, archives and museums.

During the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva, the following institutions were created under Ministry of Education:

List of ministers of education[edit]

Picture Name Entered Office Exited Office Notes Appointed by
Eduardo Barrios Hudtwalcker 17 November 1927 17 October 1928 Ind Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Pablo Ramírez Rodríguez 17 October 1928 11 March 1929 PR
Mariano Navarrete 11 March 1929 5 August 1930 Militar
BBlanche.jpg Bartolomé Blanche Espejo 5 August 1930 26 October 1930 Militar
AEdwardsV.jpg Alberto Edwards Vives 26 October 1930 28 April 1931 PN
Gustavo Lira Manso 28 April 1931 13 July 1931 Ind
José Manuel Ríos Arias 13 July 1931 22 July 1931 PL
Miguel Letelier Espínola 22 July 1931 23 July 1931 PN
Gustavo Lira Manso 23 July 1931 26 July 1931 PN
Pedro Godoy Pérez 26 July 1931 27 July 1931 Ind Pedro Opazo
27 July 1931 20 August 1931 Juan Esteban Montero
20 August 1931 3 September 1931 Manuel Trucco
Leonardo Guzmán Cortés 3 September 1931 15 November 1931 PR
Santiago Labarca Labarca 15 November 1931 7 April 1932 PR Juan Esteban Montero
Alfredo Bravo Zamora 7 April 1932 5 June 1932 PR
Eugenio González Rojas 5 June 1932 17 June 1932 Ind Socialist Junta
Carlos Soto Rengifo 17 June 1932 8 July 1932
8 July 1932 1 August 1932 Carlos Dávila
Luis David Cruz Ocampo 1 August 1932 14 September 1932 Ind
14 September 1932 4 October 1932 Bartolomé Blanche
Alberto Coddou Ortiz 4 October 1932 24 December 1932 Ind Abraham Oyanedel
Domingo Durán Morales 24 December 1932 19 April 1934 PR Arturo Alessandri
Osvaldo Vial Vial 19 April 1934 26 August 1935 PL
Francisco Garcés Gana 26 August 1935 24 March 1937 PL
Guillermo Correa Fuenzalida 24 March 1937 24 December 1938 PL
Rudecindo Ortega Masson 24 December 1938 8 February 1940 PR Pedro Aguirre Cerda
Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas 8 February 1940 10 June 1941 PR
Raimundo del Río Castillo 10 June 1941 6 October 1941 PL
Ulises Vergara Osses 6 October 1941 10 October 1941 PR
10 October 1941 2 April 1942 Jerónimo Méndez
Oscar Bustos Aburto 2 April 1942 21 October 1942 PR Juan Antonio Ríos
Benjamín Claro Velasco 21 October 1942 7 June 1943 PR
Enrique Marshall Herrera 7 June 1943 1 September 1943 Ind
Benjamín Claro Velasco 1 September 1943 6 October 1944 PR
Enrique Marshall Herrera 6 October 1944 14 May 1945 Ind
Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas 14 May 1945 3 February 1946 PR
Benjamín Claro Velasco 3 February 1946 6 September 1946 PR
Humberto Enríquez Fródden 6 September 1946 3 November 1946 PR Alfredo Duhalde
Alejandro Ríos Valdivia 3 November 1946 2 August 1947 PR Gabriel González Videla
Enrique Molina Garmendia 2 August 1947 7 July 1948 Ind
Ulises Vergara Osses 7 July 1948 22 July 1948 PR
Armando Mallet Simonetti 22 July 1948 7 February 1950 PSA
Manuel Rodríguez Valenzuela 7 February 1950 27 February 1950 Ind
Bernardo Leighton Guzmán 27 February 1950 4 February 1952 FN
Eliodoro Domínguez Domínguez 4 February 1952 29 July 1952 PSA
Luis David Cruz Ocampo 29 July 1952 3 November 1952 Ind
María Teresa del Canto Molina 3 November 1952 1 April 1953 PF Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Juan Gómez Millas 1 April 1953 14 August 1953 PAL
Oscar Fenner Marín 14 August 1953 14 October 1953 Militar
Eduardo Barrios Hudtwalcker 14 October 1953 5 June 1954 Ind
Oscar Herrera Palacios 5 June 1954 24 March 1955 Ind
Tobías Barros Ortíz 24 March 1955 6 April 1955 Militar
Kaare Olsen Nielsen 6 April 1955 2 June 1955 Militar
Oscar Herrera Palacios 2 June 1955 17 August 1955 Ind
Tobías Barros Ortíz 17 August 1955 18 April 1956 Militar
René Vidal Merino 18 April 1956 27 August 1956 Ind
Francisco Bórquez Jopia 27 August 1956 23 April 1957 Ind
Manuel Quintana Oyarzún 23 April 1957 28 October 1957 Ind
Diego Barros Ortiz 28 October 1957 3 November 1958 Militar
Francisco Cereceda Cisternas 3 November 1958 15 September 1960 PL Jorge Alessandri
Eduardo Moore Montero 15 September 1960 5 October 1961 PL
Patricio Barros Alemparte 5 October 1961 26 September 1963 PL
Alejandro Garretón Silva 26 September 1963 3 November 1964 Ind
Juan Gómez Millas 3 November 1964 17 February 1968 Ind Eduardo Frei Montalva
William Thayer Arteaga 17 February 1968 4 March 1968 PDC
Máximo Pacheco Gómez 4 March 1968 3 November 1970 PDC
Mario Astorga Gutiérrez 3 November 1970 28 January 1972 PR Salvador Allende
Alejandro Ríos Valdivia 28 January 1972 17 June 1972 PR
Aníbal Palma Fourcade 17 June 1972 2 November 1972 PR
Jorge Tapia Valdés 2 November 1972 5 July 1973 PR
Edgardo Enríquez Frodden 5 July 1973 11 September 1973 PR
José Navarro Tobar 12 September 1973 27 September 1973 IND Augusto Pinochet
Hugo Castro Jiménez 27 September 1973 16 May 1975 IND
Arturo Troncoso Daroch 16 May 1975 3 December 1976 IND
Luis Niemann Núñez 3 December 1976 26 December 1978 IND
Gonzalo Vial Correa 26 December 1978 14 December 1979 IND
Alfredo Prieto Bafalluy 14 December 1979 22 April 1982 IND
Álvaro Arriagada Norambuena 22 April 1982 14 February 1983 IND
Monica Madariaga 14 February 1983 19 October 1983 IND
Horacio Aránguiz Donoso 19 October 1983 29 July 1985 IND
Sergio Gaete Rojas 29 July 1985 11 July 1987 IND
Juan Antonio Guzmán Molinari 11 July 1987 5 June 1989 IND
René Salamé Martín 5 June 1989 11 March 1990 Militar
Ricardo Lagos 11 March 1990 28 September 1992 PS Patricio Aylwin
Jorge Arrate 28 September 1992 11 March 1994 PS
Ernesto Schiefelbein 11 March 1994 20 September 1994 DC Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
Sergio Molina 20 September 1994 28 September 1996 PPD
José Pablo Arellano 28 September 1996 11 March 2000 DC
Mariana Aylwin Oyarzún.jpg Mariana Aylwin 11 March 2000 3 March 2003 DC Ricardo Lagos
Sergio Bitar 3 March 2003 14 December 2005 PPD
Hornkohl M.JPG Marigen Hornkohl 14 December 2005 13 March 2006 DC
Martín Zilic 11 March 2006 14 June 2006 DC Michelle Bachelet
Yasna Provoste.jpg Yasna Provoste 14 June 2006 17 April 2008 DC
Mónica Jiménez 14 April 2008 13 March 2010 DC
Joaquin Lavin.jpg Joaquín Lavín 11 March 2010 18 July 2011 UDI Sebastián Piñera
Felipe Bulnes.jpg Felipe Bulnes 18 July 2011 29 December 2011 RN
Harald Beyer Burgos.jpg Harald Beyer 29 December 2011 22 April 2013 IND
Carolina Schmidt.jpg Carolina Schmidt 22 April 2013 incumbent IND
PR - Partido Radical
PDC - Partido Democrata Cristiano
PL - Partido Liberal
ind - Independent
PAL - Partido Agrario Laborista
PF - Partido Femenino de Chile
PSA - Partido Socialista Auténtico
FN - Falange Nacional
PN - Partido Nacional

See also[edit]

External links[edit]