Ministry of Education (Spain)

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Ministry of Education
MinisterioEducacion.svg
Ministerio de Educación de España (Madrid) 01.jpg
Headquarters (Madrid)
Agency overview
Formed April 18, 1900 as Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
Preceding Agency Ministry of Education, Social Policy and Sports
Type Ministry
Jurisdiction Spanish government
Headquarters 36, Alcalá Street Madrid
Annual budget 4,042,330,390 €, 2009[1]
Agency executive Mr. José Ignacio Wert Ortega, Minister
Child agencies Secretaría de Estado de Educación y Formación Profesional
Secretaría General de Universidades
Website Ministry of Education (in spanish)

The Ministry of Education (Spanish: Ministerio de Educación) is the ministry of the government of Spain responsible for the administration and the preservation of the public universities, non-university education and professional training.

The predecessor of this ministry was established during the reign of Maria Christina of Austria with the creation of the Ministry of Public Instruction and the Arts (Ministerio de Instrucción Pública y Bellas Artes), formed by royal decree on the April 18, 1900. The ministry's first minister was Antonio García Alix.

The current minister José Ignacio Wert, independent.

Denomination of the Ministry[edit]

Since the reign of Alfonso XIII, the current Ministry of Education has successively been known by the following titles:

  • Ministry of Public Instruction and the Fine Arts (1900–1937) (1).
  • Ministry of Public Instruction and Health (1937–1939) (2).
  • Commission of Culture and Education of the Technical Board of the State (1936–1938) (3).
  • Ministry of Education (1938–1968, 1976–1978, 2009–2011) (4).
  • Ministry of Education and Science (1973–1976, 1978–1981, 1981–1996, 2004–2008) (5).
  • Ministry of Education and University (1968–1973, 1981) (6).
  • Ministry of Education and Culture (1996–2000) (7).
  • Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (2000–2004, 2011–) (8).
  • Ministry of Education, Social policy and Sport (2008–2009) (9).

List of Ministers[edit]

Period Took office Left office Name Party
Regency of
María Cristina

for Alfonso XIII
(1885–1902)
April 18, 1900 March 6, 1901 Antonio García Alix (1)
March 6, 1901 March 19, 1902 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (1)
Reign of
Alfonso XIII
(1902–1923)
May 17, 1902 December 6, 1902 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (1) Liberal
December 6, 1902 July 20, 1903 Manuel Allendesalazar y Muñoz (1) Conservador
July 20, 1903 December 5, 1903 Gabino Bugallal Araújo (1) Liberal
December 5, 1903 December 16, 1904 Lorenzo Domínguez Pascual (1) Conservador
December 16, 1904 June 23, 1905 Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (1)
June 23, 1905 October 31, 1905 Andrés Mellado y Fernández (1) Liberal
October 31, 1905 December 1, 1905 Manuel de Eguilior y Llaguno (1) Liberal
December 1, 1905 June 9, 1906 Vicente Santamaría de Paredes (1) Liberal
June 9, 1906 July 6, 1906 Alejandro San Martín y Satrústegui (1) Liberal
July 6, 1906 November 30, 1906 Amalio Gimeno y Cabañas (1)
November 30, 1906 December 4, 1906 Pedro Rodríguez de la Borbolla (1)
December 4, 1906 January 25, 1907 Amalio Gimeno y Cabañas (1)
January 25, 1907 October 21, 1909 Faustino Rodríguez San Pedro (1)
October 21, 1909 February 9, 1910 Antonio Barroso Castillo (1) Liberal
February 9, 1910 June 9, 1910 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (1)
June 9, 1910 January 2, 1911 Julio Burell y Cuéllar (1) Liberal
January 2, 1911 April 3, 1911 Amós Salvador Rodrigáñez (1)
April 3, 1911 March 12, 1912 Amalio Gimeno y Cabañas (1)
March 12, 1912 December 31, 1912 Santiago Alba Bonifaz (1)
December 31, 1912 June 13, 1913 Antonio López Muñoz (1)
June 13, 1913 October 27, 1913 Joaquín Ruiz Jiménez (1) Liberal
October 27, 1913 December 11, 1914 Francisco Bergamín García (1)
January 4, 1915 October 25, 1915 Saturnino Esteban Miguel y Collantes (1)
October 25, 1915 December 9, 1915 Rafael Andrade Navarrete (1)
December 9, 1915 April 20, 1917 Julio Burell y Cuéllar (1) Liberal
April 20, 1917 June 11, 1917 José Francos Rodríguez (1)
June 11, 1917 November 3, 1917 Rafael Andrade Navarrete (1)
November 3, 1917 March 2, 1918 Felipe Rodés Baldrich (1)
March 2, 1918 March 21, 1918 Luis Silvela Casado (1)
March 23, 1918 October 10, 1918 Santiago Alba Bonifaz (1)
October 10, 1918 November 9, 1918 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (1)
November 9, 1918 December 5, 1918 Julio Burell y Cuéllar (1) Liberal
December 5, 1918 April 15, 1919 Joaquín Salvatella Gisbert (1)
April 15, 1919 July 19, 1919 César Silió y Cortés (1)
July 19, 1919 December 12, 1919 José del Prado Palacio (1) Conservador
December 12, 1919 May 5, 1920 Natalio Rivas Santiago (1)
May 5, 1920 September 1, 1920 Luis Espada Guntín (1)
September 1, 1920 December 29, 1920 Vicente Cabeza de Vaca (1)
December 29, 1920 March 12, 1921 Tomás Montejo y Rica (1)
March 12, 1921 August 13, 1921 Francisco Aparicio Ruiz (1)
August 14, 1921 April 1, 1922 César Silió y Cortés (1)
April 1, 1922 November 8, 1922 Tomás Montejo y Rica (1)
November 8, 1922 December 5, 1922 César Silió y Cortés (1)
Dictadura de
Primo de Rivera
(1923–1931)
December 3, 1925 January 28, 1930 Eduardo Callejo de la Cuesta (1)
January 28, 1930 February 24, 1930 Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó (1)
February 24, 1930 February 18, 1931 Elías Tormo y Monzó (1)
February 18, 1931 April 14, 1931 José Gascón y Marín (1)
II Republic
(1931–1939)
April 14, 1931 December 16, 1931 Marcelino Domingo Sanjuán (1) PRRS
December 16, 1931 June 12, 1933 Fernando de los Ríos Urruti (1) PSOE
June 12, 1933 September 12, 1933 Francisco Barnés Salinas (1) PRRS
September 12, 1933 December 16, 1933 Domingo Barnés Salinas (1) Indep.
December 16, 1933 March 3, 1934 José Pareja Yébenes (1) PRR
March 3, 1934 April 28, 1934 Salvador de Madariaga Rojo (1) Indep.
April 28, 1934 December 29, 1934 Filiberto Villalobos González (1) PLD
December 29, 1934 April 3, 1935 Joaquín Dualde Gómez (1) PLD
April 3, 1935 May 6, 1935 Ramón Prieto Bances (1) Indep.
May 6, 1935 September 25, 1935 Joaquín Dualde Gómez (1) PLD
September 25, 1935 October 29, 1935 Juan José Rocha García (1) PRR
October 29, 1935 December 14, 1935 Luis Bardají López (1) PRR
December 14, 1935 December 30, 1935 Manuel Becerra Fernández (1) PRR
December 30, 1935 February 19, 1936 Filiberto Villalobos González (1) PCNR
February 19, 1936 May 13, 1936 Marcelino Domingo Sanjuán (1) IR
May 13, 1936 July 19, 1936 Francisco Barnés Salinas (1) IR
July 19, 1936 July 19, 1936 Marcelino Domingo Sanjuán (1) IR
July 19, 1936 September 4, 1936 Francisco Barnés Salinas (1) IR
September 4, 1936 May 17, 1937 Jesús Hernández Tomás (1) PCE
May 17, 1937 April 5, 1938 Jesús Hernández Tomás (2) PCE
April 5, 1938 April 1, 1939 Segundo Blanco González (2) CNT
Francoism
(1936–1975)
October 3, 1936 January 30, 1938 José María Pemán Pemartín (3)
January 30, 1938 August 9, 1939 Pedro Sainz Rodríguez (4)
August 9, 1939 July 18, 1951 José Ibáñez Martín (4)
July 18, 1951 February 16, 1956 Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez Cortés (4)
February 16, 1956 July 10, 1962 Jesus Rubio García-Mina (4)
July 10, 1962 April 18, 1968 Manuel Lora-Tamayo Martín (4)
April 18, 1968 June 9, 1973 José Luis Villar Palasí (6)
June 9, 1973 January 3, 1974 Julio Rodríguez Martínez (5)
January 3, 1974 December 12, 1975 Cruz Martínez Esteruelas (5)
Reign of
Juan Carlos I
(1975– )
December 12, 1975 July 5, 1976 Carlos Robles Piquer (5)
July 5, 1976 July 4, 1977 Aurelio Menéndez Menéndez (4)
July 4, 1977 February 25, 1978 Íñigo Cavero Lataillade (4) UCD Cst. (Suárez)
February 25, 1978 April 6, 1979 Íñigo Cavero Lataillade (5) UCD
April 6, 1979 September 9, 1980 José Manuel Otero Novas (5) UCD I (Suárez)
September 9, 1980 February 26, 1981 Juan Antonio Ortega (5) UCD
February 26, 1981 December 2, 1981 Juan Antonio Ortega (6) UCD I (Calvo-Sotelo)
December 2, 1981 December 2, 1982 Federico Mayor Zaragoza (5) UCD
December 3, 1982 July 12, 1988 José María Maravall (5) PSOE II • III • IV
(González)
July 12, 1988 June 24, 1992 Javier Solana Madariaga (5) PSOE
June 24, 1992 July 12, 1993 Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (5) PSOE
July 13, 1993 July 3, 1995 Gustavo Suárez Pertierra (5) PSOE V (González)
July 3, 1995 May 5, 1996 Jerónimo Saavedra (5) PSOE
May 6, 1996 January 20, 1999 Esperanza Aguirre (7) PP VI (Aznar)
January 20, 1999 April 27, 2000 Mariano Rajoy Brey (7) PP
April 28, 2000 April 17, 2004 Pilar del Castillo (8) PP VII (Aznar)
April 18, 2004 April 7, 2006 María Jesús San Segundo (5) PSOE VIII (Zapatero)
April 7, 2006 April 13, 2008 Mercedes Cabrera (5) PSOE
April 14, 2008 April 7, 2009 Mercedes Cabrera (9) PSOE IX (Zapatero)
April 7, 2009 December 22, 2011 Ángel Gabilondo Pujol (4) Indep.
December 22, 2011 Incumbent José Ignacio Wert (8) Indep. X (Rajoy)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]