Ministry of Environment and Forests (India)

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The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) is an Indian government ministry. The Minister of Environment and Forests holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The ministry portfolio is currently held by Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister of Environment and Forests.

The ministry is responsible for planning, promoting, coordinating, and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in the country. The main activities undertaken by the ministry include conservation and survey of the flora of India and fauna of India, forests and other wilderness areas; prevention and control of pollution; afforestation, and land degradation mitigation. It is responsible for the administration of the national parks of India.

The Civil Services, Indian Forest Service (IFS) is under the administration and supervision of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

History[edit]

Indira Gandhi's prime-ministership (1966–1977 and 1980–1984) introduced environmental debates into the national political agenda. The 4th Five-Year Plan (1969–74), for example, proclaimed “harmonious development [...] on the basis of a comprehensive appraisal of environmental issues.” In 1976 (during the Emergency) Gandhi added Article 48A to the constitution stating that: “The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.” The same decree transferred wildlife and forests from state list to concurrent list of the constitution, thus giving the central government the power to overrule state decisions on that matter. Such political and constitutional changes prepared the groundwork for the creation of a federal Department of Environment in 1980, turned into the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985.[1]

Organization[edit]

  • Centres of excellence
    • Center for Environment Education, Ahmedabad
    • C.P.R. Environmental Education Center, Chennai
    • Center for Animals and Environment, Bangalore
    • Center of Excellence in Environmental Economics, Chennai
    • Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, Bengaluru
    • Center for Ecological Sciences, Bengaluru
    • Center for Environmental Managment of Degraded Ecosystem, Delhi
    • Center for Mining Environment, Dhanbad
    • Salim Ali Center for Omithology and Natural History(SACON), Coimbatore
    • Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute,[2] Thiruvananthapuram

Research institutes under ICFRE[edit]

Institute and their locations, sorted alphabetically
Name Photo Acronym Established City Jurisdiction Website
Arid Forest Research Institute AFRI Jodhpur.jpg AFRI 1988 Jodhpur Rajasthan, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli afri.icfre.org
Forest Research Institute Forest Research Institute campus, Dehradun, India.jpg FRI 1906 Dehradun Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, U.P., Uttarakhand fri.icfre.gov.in
Himalayan Forest Research Institute Hfri shimla.jpg HFRI 1977 Shimla Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir hfri.icfre.gov.in
Institute of Forest Biodiversity Ifb hyderabad.jpg IFB 2012 Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra frc.icfre.gov.in
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Ifgtb coimbatore.jpg IFGTB 1988 Coimbatore T.N., Kerala, A & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry ifgtb.icfre.gov.in#/
Institute of Forest Productivity Ifp ranchi.jpg IFP 1993 Ranchi Bihar, Jharkhand, Sikkim, West Bengal ifpranchi.co.in
Institute of Wood Science and Technology Iwst bangalore.jpg IWST 1938 Bangalore Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Goa iwst.icfre.gov.in#/
Rain Forest Research Institute Rfri johrat.jpg RFRI 1988 Jorhat Northeast India rfri.icfre.gov.in
Tropical Forest Research Institute Tropical fri jabalpur.JPG TFRI 1988 Jabalpur M.P., Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa tfri.icfre.gov.in
Advanced Research Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
(a unit of RFRI)
Arcbr aizwal.jpg ARCBR 2004 Aizawl Northeast India www.icfre.org
Centre for Forestry Research and Human Resource Development (satellite centre of TFRI) Cfrhrd chindwara.jpg CFRHRD 1995 Chhindwara M.P., Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa www.icfre.org
Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation
(a centre of ICFRE)
Csfer allahabad.jpg CSFER 1992 Allahabad Eastern U.P., North Bihar, Vindhya Range www.icfre.org
Centre for Forest Based Livelihood and Extension CFLE 2013 Agartala Tripura tripurainfo

List of environment ministers of India[edit]

Period Minister
2014-present Prakash Javadekar
2013- 2014 Veerappa Moily
2011-2013 Jayanthi Natarajan
2009-2011 Jairam Ramesh

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sanjeev Khagram (2004) "Dams and Development", New York, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-8907-5
  2. ^ http://envfor.nic.in/about-ministry/tropical-botanic-garden-and-research-institute

External links[edit]