Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Indonesia)

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Indonesia)
A logo of Foriegn Affairs Ministry of Indonesia.jpg
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw van de Volksraad te Batavia gelegen in het Hertogspark tussen het Koningsplein-Oost en Waterlooplein TMnr 60010973.jpg
The old picture of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Indonesia building
Department overview
Formed 19 August 1945
Jurisdiction Indonesia
Headquarters Jl. Pejambon No.6. Jakarta Pusat, 10110, Indonesia
Minister responsible Retno Marsudi
Website www.deplu.go.id

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia) is a government ministry which oversees the foreign affairs of Indonesia. The ministry was formerly known as the Department of Foreign Affairs (Departemen Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia, better known as Deplu).

The name changed due to the new law about State Ministry of 2008 (UU 39/2008).

The ministry is one of the ministries that is mentioned in the Constitution of Indonesia, so the president has no authority to dismiss this ministry, compared to other ministries that are not mentioned in the Constitution of Indonesia.

Currently, the Minister of Foreign Affairs is Retno Marsudi.

History[edit]

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was founded in 1945 following the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence from the Netherlands.[1] The headquarters was initially located in the garage of the country's first Foreign Minister, Achmad Soebardjo, at Jl. Cikini 80-82 in Jakarta.[1] The Ministry started with just six employees, including Hadi Thayeb.[1]

Ministers[edit]

The Foreign Affairs of Indonesia Ministers are as follow:

Minister Rank Portfolio
Retno Marsudi Minister Overall responsibility
Abdurrahman Mohammad Fachir Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs
Yohanes Kristiarto Soeryo Legowo Secretary General
Yuri Octavian Thamrin Director General for Asia Pacific and African Affairs Asia Pacific and Africa[2]
Dian Triansyah Djani Directorate General of American and European Affairs America and European[2]
I Gusti Agung Wesaka Puja Director-General for ASEAN Cooperation South East Asian countries[2]
Hasan Kleib Director General for Multilateral Affairs
Esti Andayani Director General for Information and Public Diplomacy
Ferry Adamhar Director General for Legal Affairs and International Treaties
Ahmad Rusdi Director-General for Protocol and Consular Affairs
Muhammad Ibnu Said Inspector General
Dr. Darmansjah Djumala Head of Policy Analysis and Development Agency

History[edit]

The task and duty of Ministry of Foreign Affairs is different from time to time, is as follows:

1945–50[edit]

Their main duty through the aid of diplomacy:

  1. Making every effort to gain sympathy and support from international community, building solidarity from partners of various fields through any effort to gain support and acknowledgement upon Indonesia’s independence
  2. Conducting conferences and making agreements on:
  • 1947 – Linggarjati Agreement – acknowledgement upon the Republic of Indonesia, which covered Java and Madura
  • 1948 – Renville Agreement – acknowledgement upon the Republic of Indonesia, which covered Java and Sumatera
  • 1949 – Round Table Conference – Indonesia was in the form of Federal State
  • 1950 Indonesia’s diplomacy has restored the unity of all the regions in the republic of Indonesia by revoking the Round Table Conference.

The first five year period of Indonesia’s independence was a period which decided the struggle to maintain the independence which was a part of the history to decide the character or the nature of Indonesia's foreign policy.

The spirit of Struggle Diplomacy has made Indonesia attain support from international community of the United Nations in the year 1950.

1966–98[edit]

The prominent duties are:

  • The acknowledgement of West Irian
  • The acknowledgement of Indonesia as an archipelagic country as the result of the struggle of the law of the sea – UNCLOS (United Nation Convention on Law of the Sea)
  • The development of ASEAN Cooperation
  • Making the effort of gaining international acknowledgement on East Timor
  • Being the chairman to Non-Aligned Movement to struggle for the sake of developing countries
  • Being the chairman to APEC and G-15
  • Improving the cooperation of development

1998–present[edit]

The main duty is directed to:

  1. Prevent nation disintegration potential
  2. Attempt to help economic recovery
  3. Attempt to improve the image of Indonesia
  4. Improve the quality of serving and protecting the citizens of Indonesia

Ministers[edit]

Number Image Name Term Start Term End
1 Achmad soebardjo.jpg R. Achmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo 2 September 1945 14 November 1945
2 SoetanSjahrir.jpg Sutan Sjahrir 14 November 1945 3 July 1947
3 Agus Salim.jpg H. Agus Salim 3 July 1947 20 December 1949
* Alexander Andries Maramis 19 December 1948 13 July 1949
** Agus Salim.jpg H. Agus Salim 4 August 1949 20 December 1949
* Hatta-1.jpg Mohammad Hatta 20 December 1949 6 September 1950
4 Mohammad Roem.jpg Mohammad Roem 6 September 1950 20 March 1951
** Achmad soebardjo.jpg R. Achmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo 4 August 1951 20 December 1952
5 WIlopo.jpg Wilopo 3 April 1952 29 April 1952
6 Moekarto Notowidigdo 3 April 1952 30 July 1953
7 Soenario 30 July 1953 12 August 1955
8 Ida Anak Agung Gde Agung 12 August 1955 24 March 1956
9 Ruslan Abdulgani.jpg Ruslan Abdulgani 24 March 1956 9 April 1957
10 Subandrio.jpg Subandrio 9 April 1957 28 March 1966
11 Adammalik2.jpg Adam Malik 28 March 1966 23 March 1978
12 Mochtar Kusumaatmadja 29 March 1978 21 March 1988
13 AliAlatas.jpg Ali Alatas 21 March 1988 21 May 1998
14 SHIHAB.png Alwi Shihab 26 October 1999 23 July 2001
15 Hassan Wirajuda 9 August 2001 22 October 2009
16 Marty Natalegawa.jpg Marty Natalegawa 22 October 2009 27 October 2014
17 Retno Marsudi 27 October 2014 Present

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Nabbs-Keller, Greta (April 2013). "Reforming Indonesia's Foreign Ministry: Ideas, Organization and Leadership". Contemporary Southeast Asia 35 (1): 56–82. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]