Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Indonesia)
The old picture of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Indonesia building
|Formed||19 August 1945|
|Headquarters||Jl. Pejambon No.6. Jakarta Pusat, 10110, Indonesia|
|Minister responsible||Retno Marsudi|
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia) is a government ministry which oversees the foreign affairs of Indonesia. The ministry was formerly known as the Department of Foreign Affairs (Departemen Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia, better known as Deplu).
The name changed due to the new law about State Ministry of 2008 (UU 39/2008).
The ministry is one of the ministries that is mentioned in the Constitution of Indonesia, so the president has no authority to dismiss this ministry, compared to other ministries that are not mentioned in the Constitution of Indonesia.
Currently, the Minister of Foreign Affairs is Retno Marsudi.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was founded in 1945 following the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence from the Netherlands. The headquarters was initially located in the garage of the country's first Foreign Minister, Achmad Soebardjo, at Jl. Cikini 80-82 in Jakarta. The Ministry started with just six employees, including Hadi Thayeb.
The Foreign Affairs of Indonesia Ministers are as follow:
|Retno Marsudi||Minister||Overall responsibility|
|Abdurrahman Mohammad Fachir||Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Yohanes Kristiarto Soeryo Legowo||Secretary General|
|Yuri Octavian Thamrin||Director General for Asia Pacific and African Affairs||Asia Pacific and Africa|
|Dian Triansyah Djani||Directorate General of American and European Affairs||America and European|
|I Gusti Agung Wesaka Puja||Director-General for ASEAN Cooperation||South East Asian countries|
|Hasan Kleib||Director General for Multilateral Affairs|
|Esti Andayani||Director General for Information and Public Diplomacy|
|Ferry Adamhar||Director General for Legal Affairs and International Treaties|
|Ahmad Rusdi||Director-General for Protocol and Consular Affairs|
|Muhammad Ibnu Said||Inspector General|
|Dr. Darmansjah Djumala||Head of Policy Analysis and Development Agency|
The task and duty of Ministry of Foreign Affairs is different from time to time, is as follows:
Their main duty through the aid of diplomacy:
- Making every effort to gain sympathy and support from international community, building solidarity from partners of various fields through any effort to gain support and acknowledgement upon Indonesia’s independence
- Conducting conferences and making agreements on:
- 1947 – Linggarjati Agreement – acknowledgement upon the Republic of Indonesia, which covered Java and Madura
- 1948 – Renville Agreement – acknowledgement upon the Republic of Indonesia, which covered Java and Sumatera
- 1949 – Round Table Conference – Indonesia was in the form of Federal State
- 1950 Indonesia’s diplomacy has restored the unity of all the regions in the republic of Indonesia by revoking the Round Table Conference.
The first five year period of Indonesia’s independence was a period which decided the struggle to maintain the independence which was a part of the history to decide the character or the nature of Indonesia's foreign policy.
The spirit of Struggle Diplomacy has made Indonesia attain support from international community of the United Nations in the year 1950.
The prominent duties are:
- The acknowledgement of West Irian
- The acknowledgement of Indonesia as an archipelagic country as the result of the struggle of the law of the sea – UNCLOS (United Nation Convention on Law of the Sea)
- The development of ASEAN Cooperation
- Making the effort of gaining international acknowledgement on East Timor
- Being the chairman to Non-Aligned Movement to struggle for the sake of developing countries
- Being the chairman to APEC and G-15
- Improving the cooperation of development
The main duty is directed to:
- Prevent nation disintegration potential
- Attempt to help economic recovery
- Attempt to improve the image of Indonesia
- Improve the quality of serving and protecting the citizens of Indonesia
|Number||Image||Name||Term Start||Term End|
|1||R. Achmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo||2 September 1945||14 November 1945|
|2||Sutan Sjahrir||14 November 1945||3 July 1947|
|3||H. Agus Salim||3 July 1947||20 December 1949|
|*||Alexander Andries Maramis||19 December 1948||13 July 1949|
|**||H. Agus Salim||4 August 1949||20 December 1949|
|*||Mohammad Hatta||20 December 1949||6 September 1950|
|4||Mohammad Roem||6 September 1950||20 March 1951|
|**||R. Achmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo||4 August 1951||20 December 1952|
|5||Wilopo||3 April 1952||29 April 1952|
|6||Moekarto Notowidigdo||3 April 1952||30 July 1953|
|7||Soenario||30 July 1953||12 August 1955|
|8||Ida Anak Agung Gde Agung||12 August 1955||24 March 1956|
|9||Ruslan Abdulgani||24 March 1956||9 April 1957|
|10||Subandrio||9 April 1957||28 March 1966|
|11||Adam Malik||28 March 1966||23 March 1978|
|12||Mochtar Kusumaatmadja||29 March 1978||21 March 1988|
|13||Ali Alatas||21 March 1988||21 May 1998|
|14||Alwi Shihab||26 October 1999||23 July 2001|
|15||Hassan Wirajuda||9 August 2001||22 October 2009|
|16||Marty Natalegawa||22 October 2009||27 October 2014|
|17||Retno Marsudi||27 October 2014||Present|
- Nabbs-Keller, Greta (April 2013). "Reforming Indonesia's Foreign Ministry: Ideas, Organization and Leadership". Contemporary Southeast Asia 35 (1): 56–82.
- "Senior diplomat Thayeb dies at 91". Jakarta Post. 2013-01-11. Retrieved 2014-03-01.