Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Israel)
The Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Hebrew: משרד החוץ, Misrad HaHutz; Arabic: وزارة الخارجية) is one of the most important ministries in the Israeli government. The ministry's role is to implement Israel's foreign policy, and promote economic, cultural, and scientific relations with other countries.
In the early months of 1948, when the government of the future State of Israel was being formed, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was housed in a building in the abandoned Templer village of Sarona, on the outskirts of Tel Aviv. Moshe Sharett, formerly head of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency, was placed in charge of foreign relations, with Walter Eytan as Director General.
Israel maintains diplomatic relations with 160 countries. It operates 70 embassies, 18 consulates-general and 5 special missions: a mission to the United Nations (New York), a mission to the United Nations institutions in Geneva, a mission to the United Nations institutions in Paris, a mission to the United Nations institutions in Vienna and an ambassdor to the European Union (Brussels).
In October 2000, Morocco, Tunisia and the Sultanate of Oman closed the Israeli offices in their countries and suspended relations with Israel. Niger, which renewed relations with Israel in November 1996, severed them in April 2002. Venezuela and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties with Israel in January 2009, in the wake of the IDF operation against Hamas in Gaza.
Foreign ministry building
The new building of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kiryat Ben-Gurion, the government complex near the Knesset, was designed by Jerusalem architects Kolker, Kolker and Epstein in association with Diamond, Donald, Schmidt & Co. of Toronto. The building consists of three wings: One houses the offices of the Foreign Minister and director-general, another houses the diplomatic corps and the library, and the third is used for receptions. The outside walls of the reception hall incorporate onyx plates that diffuse an amber light. In June 2001, the design won the prize for excellence from the Royal Institute of Architects of Canada. The building is described as a "sophisticated essay in the play between solid and void, mass and volume, and light and shadow."
The Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel (Hebrew: שר החוץ, Sar HaHutz) is the political head of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The position is one of the most important in the Israeli cabinet after Prime Minister and Defense Minister.
List of Ministers
|#||Minister||Party||Governments||Term start||Term end||Notes|
|1||Moshe Sharett||Mapai||P, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7||15 May 1948||18 June 1956||Serving Prime Minister 1954–1955|
|2||Golda Meir||Mapai, Alignment||7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12||18 June 1956||12 January 1966|
|3||Abba Eban||Alignment||13, 14, 15, 16||13 January 1966||2 June 1974|
|4||Yigal Allon||Alignment||17||3 June 1974||19 June 1977|
|5||Moshe Dayan||Independent||18||20 June 1977||23 October 1979|
|6||Menachem Begin||Likud||18||23 October 1979||10 March 1980||Serving Prime Minister|
|7||Yitzhak Shamir||Likud||18, 19, 20, 21||10 March 1980||20 October 1986||Serving Prime Minister 1983–1984|
|8||Shimon Peres||Alignment||22||20 October 1986||23 December 1988|
|9||Moshe Arens||Likud||23||23 December 1988||12 June 1990|
|10||David Levy||Likud||24||13 June 1990||13 July 1992|
|–||Shimon Peres||Labor Party||25||14 July 1992||22 November 1995|
|11||Ehud Barak||Labor Party||26||22 November 1995||18 June 1996||Not a Knesset member|
|–||David Levy||Gesher||27||18 June 1996||6 January 1998|
|12||Benjamin Netanyahu||Likud||27||6 January 1998||13 October 1998||Serving Prime Minister|
|13||Ariel Sharon||Likud||27||13 October 1998||6 June 1999|
|–||David Levy||One Israel||28||6 June 1999||4 August 2000|
|–||Ehud Barak||One Israel||28||4 August 2000||10 August 2000||Serving Prime Minister|
|14||Shlomo Ben-Ami||One Israel||28||10 August 2000||7 March 2001|
|–||Shimon Peres||Labor Party||29||7 March 2001||2 November 2002|
|–||Ariel Sharon||Likud||29||2 November 2002||6 November 2002||Serving Prime Minister|
|–||Benjamin Netanyahu||Likud||29||6 November 2002||28 February 2003|
|15||Silvan Shalom||Likud||30||28 February 2003||16 January 2006|
|16||Tzipi Livni||Kadima||31||18 January 2006||1 April 2009|
|17||Avigdor Lieberman||Yisrael Beiteinu||32||1 April 2009||18 December 2012|
|–||Benjamin Netanyahu||Likud||32, 33||18 December 2012||11 November 2013||Serving Prime Minister|
|–||Avigdor Lieberman||Yisrael Beiteinu||33||11 November 2013||incumbent|
|#||Minister||Party||Governments||Term start||Term end|
|1||Yehuda Ben-Meir||NRP, Gesher ZRC||19, 20||11 August 1981||13 September 1984|
|2||Roni Milo||Likud||21||24 September 1984||20 October 1986|
|3||Benjamin Netanyahu||Likud||23, 24||26 December 1988||11 November 1991|
|4||Yossi Beilin||Labor Party||25||4 August 1992||17 July 1995|
|5||Eli Dayan||Labor Party||26||24 July 1995||18 June 1996|
|6||Nawaf Massalha||One Israel||28||5 August 1999||7 March 2001|
|7||Michael Melchior||Meimad||29||7 March 2001||2 November 2002|
|8||Danny Ayalon||Yisrael Beiteinu||32||31 March 2009||18 March 2013|
|9||Ze'ev Elkin||Likud||33||18 March 2013||Incumbent|
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- "AFP: Hardliner Lieberman returns as Israel foreign minister". AFP. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- Encyclopedia of Israel and Zionism, ed. Raphael Patai, Herzl Press/McGraw Hill, New York, 1971, pp.339-340
- "Israel's Diplomatic Missions Abroad". Mfa.gov.il. 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "Three Way Building". Worldarchitecturenews.com. 2007-02-23. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "Jerusalem architecture since 1948". Mfa.gov.il. 2001-12-01. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- Your Name (this will appear with your post) (2003-05-01). "Jerusalem of Gold". Cdnarchitect.com. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel.|
- Official website (English)
- Official website (Hebrew)
- Official website (Arabic)
- All Ministers in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Knesset website (English)