Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Liberia)
|Jurisdiction||Liberia and its diplomatic missions worldwide|
|Agency executive||Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the government ministry of Liberia responsible for directing Liberia's external relations and the management of its international diplomatic missions. The incumbent minister is Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan, a member of the Unity Party and Dean of the Liberian Cabinet under President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf. The ministry is located in Monrovia, Liberia's capital.
The modern Liberian state was established by former American slaves and free African-Americans that immigrated to western Africa in the early 1800s as part of the mission of the American Colonization Society. Much of the country's foreign policy philosophy is therefore derived from the same principles that guide United States foreign policy. Indeed, the ministry notes on its website that the "foundation [of Liberia's foreign policy] is copied after the pattern adopted by the United States of America from where the founding fathers of Liberia had come as ex-slaves and free men of color."
Liberia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs was established as a cabinet-level branch of the government in 1848, soon after the country's declaration of independence in 1847. Originally called the "Department of State," the ministry assumed its current name in 1972. The first director of the ministry was Hilary Teague, who also drafted the Liberian Declaration of Independence and served in the Liberian Senate.
Between 1848 and 1981, every Foreign Minister (formerly "Secretary of State") came from Montserrado County, Liberia's most populous county. The first individual to fill the post from outside of Montserrado was H. Boimah Fahnbulleh, Jr., who was originally from Grand Cape Mount County. The current Minister of Foreign Affairs is Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan, who was appointed by President Johnson-Sirleaf in February 2012.
The ministry maintains Liberia's affairs with foreign entities, including bilateral relations with individual nations and its representation in international organizations, including the United Nations, African Union, the World Health Organization, UNESCO and the Economic Community of West African States, among others. It oversees visas, some matters of public affairs and the Gabriel L. Dennis Foreign Service Institute, which helps to train Liberian diplomats.
- "Background Note: Liberia". State.gov. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Minister's Profile". mofa.gov.lr. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Liberia. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
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- "Liberia: U.S. Envoy Wants Energy Sector Improved". The New Dawn/allAfrica.com. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Colonization: Thirty-Sixth Anniversary of the American Colonization Society", New York Times, January 19, 1853
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- "Brief History of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs". mofa.gov.lr. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Liberia. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "The Challenge of Our National Purpose and Agenda (Remarks by D. Elwood Dunn to the Liberian Association of Metro Atlanta)". theperspective.org. The Perspective/Liberian Democratic Future (LDF). Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "2008 National Population and Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Government of the Republic of Liberia. 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Mulitilateral Relations". mofa.gov.lr. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Liberia. Retrieved 21 May 2012.