Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation is an agency of the Government of India responsible for urban poverty, housing, and employment programs. It is involved in national policy decisions and coordinates with Indian central ministries, state governments, and central sponsor programs. The organisation's minister, as of October 2012, is Ajay Maken.
The Indian Constitution has allocated responsibility for housing and urban development to the state; and the 74th amendment to the Constitution delegates some responsibility to the local governments. The ministry is responsible for the national capital territory of Delhi and union territories. It also provides finances through federal institutions and allocates resources to the state governments. The ministry supports the country's external housing and urban development assistance programs.
The ministry has administrative control over the National Building Organisation (NBO) attached office and the Hindustan Prefab Limited (HPL) and Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) public sector undertakings. It is also responsible for the following statutory and autonomous bodies:
- Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC)
- Central Government Employees Welfare Housing Organisation (CGEWHO)
- National Cooperative Housing Federation of India (NCHFI)
- Principal Account Office (PAO)
Sectors for improvement
For poverty alleviation programs to be successful, the following sectors should realize improvements: Income generation, health, shelter, education, environment and infrastructure. Environmental Improvement for Urban Slum, Urban Basic Service programs, Nehru Rozgar Yojana, Shelter and Infrastructural facilities, and Low Cost Sanitation Night Shelter are examples of schemes to meet these objectives.
National programs and legislation
Programs and legislation
The Government of India has launched various programs since its independence, such as some of the five year plans, to alleviate poverty and address the widening income gap, both, amongst the upper and lower classes of society, and amongst the rural and urban parts of the country. For instance, the "Eighth Plan policy guidelines envisages integrated approach to alleviation of urban poverty and servicing the urban poor with basic facilities so that their quality of life improves."
As trends in the Gini coefficient reflect, the income gaps were not as pronounced until the early 1980s, but the situation has been continually getting worse since. Misplaced priorities of the Indian Government and bad planning of subsidy programs is largely responsible for this. Hosting the Commonwealth Games in New Delhi in 2010 that cost the exchequer an approximate INR 110 billion (US $ 2.5 Billion), excluding the price of non-sports related infrastructure, is a case in point.
While newly launched programs like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Food Security Act, Mid-day Meals and Bharat Nirman Yojana have demonstrated success in the initial stages, their performance over the long-run still remains to be seen. The shortsightedness of the Indian government often leads it to launch populist programs that may not necessarily work well. Low-hanging fruit like increasing worker's minimum wage can go a long way in achieving the goal of poverty alleviation, but are yet to be taken up in spite of reminders from leading economists.
- Housing in India
- Illegal housing in India
- Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
- Poverty in India
- Slums in India
- The Ministry. The Ministry of Housing And Urban Poverty Alleviation. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
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- Gajwani, Kiran, Ravi Kanbur, and Xiaobo Zhang. Patterns of Spatial Convergence and Divergence in India and China. Tech. World Bank, 18 January 2006. pp. 5-6. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
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- "Bill in Lok Sabha to protect rights of street vendors". The Economic Times. 6 September 2012.
- "Govt introduces street vending bill in Lok Sabha". The Times of India. 7 September 2012.
- India. Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation (Annually.). Annual Report. Government of India, Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation.