Ministry of Intelligence and National Security (Iran)
||This article may contain original research. (June 2008)|
|Islamic Republic Of Iran Intelligence Ministry|
|وزارت اطّلاعات جمهوری اسلامی ایران|
|Formed||18 August 1984|
|Agency executive||Heydar Moslehi, Director and Minister|
|This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
The Ministry of Intelligence and National Security of the Islamic Republic of Iran (MISIRI) (Persian: وِزارَتِ اِطّلاعات جُمهوریِ اِسلامیِ ایران Vezarat-e Ettela'at Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran literally Islamic Republic of Iran's Ministry of Intelligence) is the primary intelligence agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is also known as VEVAK (Vezarat-e Ettela'at va Amniyat-e Keshvar) or VAJA or alternatively MOIS. It was initially known as SAVAMA, when it took over the previous government's intelligence apparatus. In 1999, critics of the Iranian government accused "rogue elements" of the ministry for the infamous serial murders of dissident writers and intellectuals, including assassination of Iranian political dissidents inside and outside the country.
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2012)|
Information on the ministry is often difficult to obtain. Initially, the organization was known as SAVAMA, and intended to replace SAVAK, Iran's intelligence agency during the rule of the Shah, but it is unclear how much continuity there is between the two organizations—while their role is similar, their underlying ideology is radically different. It is suspected that the new government was initially eager to purge SAVAK elements from the new organization, but that pragmatism eventually prevailed, with many experienced SAVAK personnel being retained in their roles. Former SAVAK staff are believed to have been important in the ministry's infiltration of left-wing dissident groups and of the Iraqi Ba'ath Party.
The formation of the ministry was proposed by Saeed Hajjarian to the government of Mir-Hossein Mousavi and then the parliament. There were debates about which branch of the state should oversee the new institution, and the other options apart from the presidency were the Judiciary system, the Supreme Leader, and Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. Finally, the government could get the approval of Ayatollah Khomeini to make it a ministry, but a restriction was added to the requirements of the minister, needing him to be a doctor of Islam.
The ministry was finally founded on August 18, 1984, abandoning many small intelligence agencies that were formed in different governmental organizations. The five ministers since the founding of the ministry, have been Mohammad Reyshahri (under Prime Minister Mir-Hossein Mousavi), Ali Fallahian (under President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani), Ghorbanali Dorri-Najafabadi (under President Mohammad Khatami, resigned after a year), Ali Younessi (under President Khatami, until August 24, 2005), Gholam Hossein Mohseni-Ejehei (under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, from August 24, 2005 to August 24, 2009) and Heyder Moslehi (under President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, from August 29, 2009)
Chain Murders 
In late 1998, three dissident writers, a political leader and his wife were murdered in Iran in the span of two months.
After great public outcry and journalistic investigation in Iran and publicity internationally, prosecutors announced in mid-1999 that one Saeed Emami had led "rogue elements" in Iran's intelligence ministry in the killings, but that Emami was now dead having committed suicide in prison. In a trial that was "dismissed as a sham by the victims' families and international human rights organisations", three intelligence ministry agents were sentenced in 2001 to death and twelve others to prison terms for murdering two of the victims. Two years later, the Iranian Supreme Court reduced two of the death sentences to life.
The Mehr News Agency is owned by the Islamic Ideology Dissemination Organization (IIDO) or Organization for Islamic Propaganda. The agency is one of the outlets for the Ministry of Intelligence and National Security (Iran) and its Department of Disinformation. Human rights groups that charged that the MOIS uses MNA along with other fronts such as the Habilian Association to plant false stories in the media about opposition groups such as the MeK to discredit them, or to shift blame to them for terrorist attacks such as Iran's IRGC-Quds Force plot to assassinate the Saudi Ambassador to the United States. The Tehran Times began in 1979 to air the voice of the Islamic Revolution. The policy that the newspaper has been following has been based on the guideline set by Ayatollah Mohammad Hossein Beheshti who said: Tehran Times is not state-owned newspaper, rather it must be the voice of the Islamic Revolution and the oppressed people in the world.”  Since 2002, Tehran Times established a news agency which later came to be known as the Mehr News Agency (MNA). Now, Tehran Times and the MNA are run by a single management system with MNA staff triple that of Tehran Times. Stories by the MNA are reprinted on such as the American-based Veterans Today which also carries 9-11 and Sandy Hook conspiracy theories promoted by Press TV and Shoah.uk.org (under the NovaNews brand)
See also 
- Chain murders of Iran
- Saeed Emami
- Ali Fallahian
- Justice Ministry of Iran
- Interior Ministry of Iran
- Oghab 2
- گزارش پنتاگون دربارۀ وزارت اطلاعات ایران Radio France Internationale
- The Serial Murders, 28 November 2005
- Iran, SAVAMA
- "Killing of three rebel writers turns hope into fear in Iran", Douglas Jehl, New York Times, December 14, 1998 p. A6
- The Iranian Human Rights, You will answer, one day
- GANJI IDENTIFIED FALLAHIAN AS THE "MASTER KEY" IN CHAIN MURDERS
- Iranian killers spared death penalty BBC News 29 January 2003
- Iran - 2003 Annual report
- Mehr News Agency: '16,000 Memorials' for Earthquake Victims
- Tehran's Anti-MeK Propaganda Machine Raymond Tanter | October 27, 2011
- "About Tehran Times". Tehran Times. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- , January 5th, 2013 | Posted by Veterans Today“Bahrain should return to motherland Iran”
- Bahrain should return to motherland Iran Posted on07 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ministry of Intelligence and National Security of Iran|
- Covert Terror: Iran's Parallel Intelligence Apparatus
- Murder at Mykonos: The Anatomy of a Political Assassination
- No Safe Haven: Iran's Global Assassination Campaign
- Iran Terror Database, a website with allegations about Iran's intelligence activities
- Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) Vezarat-e Ettela'at va Amniat-e Keshvar VEVAK
- Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) official site
Further reading 
- Yves Bonnet, Vevak, au service des ayatollahs : Histoire des services secrets iraniens, Timée-éditions, Boulogne-Billancourt, 2009. ISBN 978-2-35401-001-0 (fr)
|Directors of Ministry of Intelligence of Iran|