Ministry of Justice (Japan)
|Ministry of Justice|
|The Ministry of Justice building|
|Ministers responsible||Sadakazu Tanigaki, Minister of Justice
Shigeyuki Goto, Senior Vice Minister
The Ministry of Justice (法務省 Hōmu-shō ) is one of the Ministries of the Japanese government.
 Meiji Constitution
The Ministry of Justice was established under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan in 1871 as the Ministry of Justice (司法省 Shihōshō ).
 Constitution of Japan
The Ministry acquired its present name under the post-war Constitution of Japan in 1952. Its responsibilities include administration of Japan's judicial system and penal system. It represents the Japanese government in litigation, and is also responsible for maintenance of government registration of families, resident aliens, real estate and corporations.
The Ministry has jurisdiction over the National Bar Examination Commission, the Public Security Examination Commission, and the Public Security Intelligence Agency. Although the Public Prosecutor's Offices are administratively part of the Ministry of Justice, they are independent of the authority of the Minister of Justice.
At the top of the ministry is the Minister of Justice, a member of the Cabinet, and he or she is chosen by the Prime Minister typically from members of the Diet. The current Japanese Minister of Justice is Sadakazu Tanigaki.
 See also
- Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6
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- Official website
- Official website (Japanese)
- Japanese Law Translation, Law/Term/context search site(Ministry of Justice, Japan)
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