Ministry of Law and Justice (India)
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The Ministry of Law and Justice is a prominent Ministry of Government of India. Under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules of 1961, the Ministry is vested with the responsibility of (i) administration of legal affairs, (ii) justice, and (iii) legislative affairs in India.
It is one of the oldest Ministries operating in India. Earlier, in terms of the Charter Act of 1833 enacted by the British Parliament, the Legislative power was vested in a single authority namely the Governor General of India. The Governor General enacted laws for the British India until 1920. The Government of India Act passed in 1919 vested the legislative power to the Indian Legislature constituted thereunder. Since then the Ministry of Law has been functioning as the sole repository of legal functions of the Government of India.
The Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules of 1961 entail the various departments working under the Ministry of Law and Justice of Government of India. In terms of these Rules, the Ministry comprises the following departments; 
- Department of Legal Affairs,
- Legislative Department, and
- Department of Justice.
The Legislative Department is mainly concerned with drafting of all principal legislation for the Central Government i.e. Bills to be introduced in Parliament, Ordinances to be promulgated by the President, measures to be enacted as President's Acts for States under the President's rule and Regulations to be made by the President for Union territories. It is also concerned with election Laws namely the Representation of the People Act 1950 and the Representation of the People Act 1951. In addition it is also entrusted with task of dealing with certain matters relating to List III of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution like personal law, contracts evidence etc. The responsibility of maintaining up to date the statutes enacted by Parliament is also with this Department. The Allocation of Business Rules identify the following functions to be carried out by this Department; 
- The drafting of Bills, including the business of the Draftsmen in Select Committees, drafting and promulgation of Ordinances and Regulations; enactment of State Acts as President's Acts whenever required; scrutiny of Statutory Rules and Orders (except notifications under clause (a) of section 3, section 3A and section 3D, of the National Highways Act, 1956 (48 of 1956).
- Constitution Orders; notifications for bringing into force Constitution (Amendment) Acts.
- (a) Publication of Central Acts, Ordinance and Regulations; (b) Publication of authorised translations in Hindi of Central Acts, Ordinances, Orders, Rules, Regulations and bye-laws referred to in section 5(1) of the Official Languages Act, 1963 (19 of 1963).
- Compilation and publication of unrepealed Central Acts, Ordinances and Regulations of general statutory Rules and Orders, and other similar publications.
- Elections to Parliament, to the Legislatures of States, to the Offices of the President and Vice-President; and the Election Commission.
- Preparation and publication of standard legal terminology for use, as far as possible, in all official languages.
- Preparation of authoritative texts in Hindi of all Central Acts and of Ordinances promulgated and Regulations made by the President and of all rules, regulations and orders made by the Central Government under such Acts, Ordinances and Regulations.
- Making arrangements for the translation into official languages of the States of Central Acts and of Ordinances promulgated and Regulations made by the President and for the translation of all State Acts and Ordinances into Hindi if the texts of such Acts or Ordinance are in a language other than Hindi.
- Publication of law books and law journals in Hindi.
- Marriage and divorce; infants and minors; adoption, wills; intestate and succession; joint family and partition.
- Transfer of property other than agricultural land (excluding benami transactions registration of deeds and documents).
- Contracts, but not including those relating to agricultural land.
- Actionable wrongs.
- Bankruptcy and insolvency.
- Trusts and trustees, Administrators, General and Official Trustees.
- Evidence and oaths.
- Civil Procedure including Limitation and Arbitration.
- Charitable and religious endowments and religious institutions.
Department of Justice
The Department of Justice performs the administrative functions in relation to the appointment of various judges at various courts in India, maintenance and revision of the conditions and rules of service of the judges and other related areas. The Allocation of Business Rules identify the following functions to be carried out by this Department; 
- Appointment, resignation and removal of the Chief Justice of India and Judges of the Supreme Court of India; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
- Appointment, resignation and removal, etc., of Chief Justice and Judges of High Courts in States; their salaries, rights in respect of leave of absence (including leave allowances), pensions and travelling allowances.
- Appointment of Judicial Commissioners and Judicial officers in Union Territories.
- Constitution and organisation (excluding jurisdiction and powers) of the Supreme Court (but including contempt of such Court) and the fees taken therein.
- Constitution and organisation of the High Courts and the Courts of Judicial Commissioners except provisions as to officers and servants of these courts.
- Administration of justice and constitution and organisation of courts in the Union Territories and fees taken in such courts.
- Court fees and Stamp duties in the Union Territories.
- Creation of all India Judicial Service.
- Conditions of service of District Judges and other Members of Higher Judicial Service of Union Territories.
- Extension of the Jurisdiction of a High Court to a Union Territory or exclusion of a Union Territory from the Jurisdiction of a High Court.
Law Ministers of India
- B. R. Ambedkar
- Ashoke Kumar Sen ( 1957–1969, 1985–1991 )
- Panampilly Govinda Menon (1969–1970)
- Chaudhary Nitiraj Singh Daulat Singh (1971–1977)
- Shanti Bhushan (1977–1979)
- Hans Raj Khanna (1979)
- Subramanian Swamy (1990-1991)
- Ram Jethmalani (1996), (1999-2000)
- Hansraj Bhardwaj (22 May 2004 – 28 May 2009)
- Veerappa Moily (28 May 2009–28 May 2011)
- Salman Khurshid ( 28 May 2011-28 October 2012)
- Ashwani Kumar (29 October 2012 - 10 May 2013)
- Kapil Sibal (11 May 2013 onwards)
- Ministry of Law and Justice Official website of the Ministry of Law and Justice
- Directory of official Government websites in India
- Government of India Portal