Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace

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Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace
Υπουργείο Μακεδονίας και Θράκης
Makedonias-Thrakis.jpg
The building of the ministry in Thessaloniki
Agency overview
Formed 1912 (1912)
Preceding Agency Governorate-General of Macedonia
(1912–˜1955)[1]
Ministry of Northern Greece
(1955–1988)[1]
Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace
(1988–7 October 2009)[1]
General Secretariat of Macedonia and Thrace
(7 October 2009–21 June 2012)
Headquarters 32 Kassandrou Street
54633 Thessaloniki
Greece
40°38′N 22°56′E / 40.633°N 22.933°E / 40.633; 22.933
Annual budget 12.35 million (2010)[2]
21.23 million (2009)[2]
Minister responsible Georgios Orfanos
Website www.mathra.gr
Coat of arms of Greece.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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The Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace (Greek: Υπουργείο Μακεδονίας και Θράκης, ΥΜΑΘ) is a government department of Greece that is responsible for the regions of Macedonia and Thrace. It was previously known as the Ministry of Northern Greece until it acquired its current name in 1988. It was demoted to a general secretariat in 2009, but was re-established as a ministry in 2012. It is housed in the Ottoman-era Government House in Greece's second-largest city and capital of Macedonia, Thessaloniki. The incumbent minister is New Democracy MP Georgios Orfanos.

History[edit]

The ministry was founded in 1912 as the Governorate-General of Macedonia (Γενικὴ Διοίκησις Μακεδονίας) following the acquisition of Macedonia during the Balkan Wars.[1] It was promoted to cabinet level in the late 1920s and renamed the Governorate-General of Northern Greece (Γενικὴ Διοίκησις Βορείου Ἑλλάδος) in 1945, after being merged with the Governorate-General of Thrace (Γενικὴ Διοίκησις Θρᾴκης).

It was renamed the Ministry of Northern Greece (Ὑπουργεῖον Βορείου Ἑλλάδος) in 1955.[1] The third name change occurred in 1988, when it was renamed the Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace.[3] In 2009, the ministry was downgraded to a General Secretariat within the Ministry of the Interior, until it was re-established as a separate ministry in 2012.

Shortly after the Hellenic Army entered Thessaloniki on 26 October 1912, King Constantine I demanded that he be given control of the newly acquired region of Macedonia,[4] but Prime Minister Eleutherios Venizelos had already decided that the fate of the region would lie with his Minister of Justice, Konstantinos Raktivan, who arrived in the city on 30 October.[4] His position within the Governorate-General of Macedonia was so powerful that his power matched that of the Prime Minister and caused dismay among the other ministers in Athens.[4] Raktivan was later succeeded by other prominent politicians of Greece, such as Stefanos Dragoumis, Emmanouil Repoulis and Themistoklis Sofoulis.

Despite its limited freedom of action in later years, the Governorate-General of Macedonia managed to produce an astonishing amount of work between its founding in 1912 and the creation of the Ministry of Northern Greece in 1955. Following the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917, the Governorate-General appointed Ernest Hébrard as the master architect for the redesign of the city. The Governorate-General was also responsible for the complete incorporation of Macedonia into the Greek state despite the difficult circumstances of the interwar period.[4] Other successes of the Governorate-General at the time include the establishment of numerous government agencies, including the creation of Courts of Appeal, Courts of First Instance and District Courts, the creation of an independent archaeological department, a forestry department and public services, and the provision of shelter to hundreds of thousands of refugees after the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in the 1920s.[4]

The Ministry[edit]

Structure[edit]

According to Presidential Decree no. 167 (2 September 2005),[5] the Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace is made up of the following departments:

  • The Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace
    • The Office of Solicitor of the State
    • The Office of Financial Control
    • The Office of the Borderland
    • The Office of the Assessor of the Audit Office
    • The Office of the Deputy Minister
      • The Office of Defence and Political Planning in Case of Emergency
      • The Office of Public Relations, of the Press and of Etiquette
    • The Office of the Secretary-General
      • The Secretariat
        • The Office of Foreign Affairs, Defence, Policing and Justice
  • Department of Cooperation with the countries of south-eastern Europe
  • Department of European Affairs
  • Department of the Diaspora
  • Department of Defence and the Aegean
  • Department of Policing and Justice
  • The Office of Education, Culture and Citizen Protection
  • The Office of the Economy and Tourism
  • The Office of Infrastructure and the Environment
  • The Office of Administrative Development and e-Governance
  • The Office of the Media
  • The Office of Quality and Efficiency
  • The Office of Facilitation of People with Disabilities
  • The Department of Inspection and Coordination of Services

Political leadership[edit]

Since the Metapolitefsi, there have been twenty Ministers for Macedonia and Thrace from two parties, New Democracy and PASOK. The first to assume the post following the fall of the military junta in 1974 was Nikolaos Martis. Stavros Kalafatis served as the last minister before the ministry's abolition upon the election of George Papandreou in 2009.[6]

The ministry was re-established on 21 June 2012 after the election of Antonis Samaras. The incumbent minister is Georgios Orfanos.

Role[edit]

The Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace is responsible for "the development of the border regions of Greece, giving Northern Greece the opportunity to acquire a voice and role in the political and economic processes".[5][7] In particular, the ministry gathers information regarding the communities that fall under its jurisdiction and proceeds to propose and discuss legislation and policies with other government bodies.

References[edit]