Ministry of National Defense (Romania)

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Ministry of National Defense
COA-MAPN.svg
Coat of arms of the Romanian Ministry of Defense
Incumbent
Corneliu Dobrițoiu (PNL)

since 7 May 2012
Formation 28 November 1858
First holder General Ion Emanoil Florescu
as Minister of War (Ministru de Război)
Website www.mapn.ro

The Ministry of National Defense (Romanian: Ministerul Apărării Naționale) is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania.

As of 7 May 2012 the Minister of National Defense is Corneliu Dobrițoiu.

Ministry[edit]

Military spending as a percentage of GDP.

The Ministry of National Defense is the specialized body of the central public administration submitted to the Government conducting the national defense activity according to the stipulations of law and to the strategy of national security, with a view to safeguarding national sovereignty, state independence and unity, territorial integrity and constitutional democracy.

The Ministry of National Defense is responsible to the Parliament, the Supreme Council of National Defense and the Government for implementation of provisions of the Constitution, laws in force, decisions of the Supreme Council of National Defense and of the Government, of international treaties ratified by Romania in fields of its activity.

Structure and function[edit]

The Ministry of National Defense is structured on central structures. MoND central structures subordinated to the minister of National Defense:

  • Department of Euro-Atlantic Integration and Defense Policy

Coordinates the Euro-Atlantic integration process and the development of military international relations, is in charge of the defense policy enforcement, ensures the integrated defense planning and controls the research activity in its area of responsibility.

Department of Relations with the Parliament, Legislative Harmonization and Public Relations

Ensures the relations with the Parliament, other public authorities and NGOs, coordinates the legislative activity, presents the drafts of laws in the Parliament, coordinates the process of harmonization with defense stipulations of the NATO and UE members, coordinates the public relations and the research activity in its area of responsibility.

  • Armaments Department

Is in charge with military acquisitions and coordinates the research in its area of responsibility.

  • General Staff

Ensures the military management of the Armed Forces, is in charge with the combat capacity of the Armed Forces, fulfills the programs of Euro-Atlantic integration and political-military cooperation for its own structures and controls the research activity in its area of responsibility.

The General Staff is headed by the chief of the General Staff, named by the President of Romania at the suggestion of the minister of National Defense and the Prime Minister's approval.

The chief of the General Staff is the highest military rank in the Armed Forces.

A Committee of chiefs of staffs with deliberative role is established at the General Staff level.

Its organization and function are established by the rule approved by order of the minister of National Defense.

  • Inspectorate of the Ministry of National Defense

The structure through which the minister of National Defense exercises the control and evaluates the activities developed in the Armed Forces.

The Inspectorate organizes and controls the environment and labor protection, technical and metrological overwatch.

The Inspectorate is managed by the general inspector designated by order of minister of National Defense.

  • General Secretariat

Controls the subordinated directorates and services established by order of minister of National Defense and ensures the secretariat, administrative and protocol works at the minister level.

The General Secretariat is headed by the general secretary, a civil servant, nominalized by order of minister of National Defense.

  • Defence Intelligence General Directorate

The specialized structure for gathering, processing, confirming, stocking (filing) and evaluating the internal and external military and non military risks and threats affecting the national security; also in charge of developing the intelligence security concept, the cryptographic activity and ensuring the geographic data required by the Armed Forces. Defence Intelligence General Directorate is headed by a general director appointed by the decision of the Prime Minister at the recommendation of the Minister of National Defence.

  • Human Resources Management Directorate

The specialised structure in elaborating the politics, strategies and rules in professionalised human resources management.

  • Financial-Accounting Directorate

The MoND specialized structure ensuring the fulfillment of economic, financial-accounting activities of the minister as the chief accountant.

  • Internal Audit Directorate

The specialized structure of endogenous and expost verifications on patrimony administration and use of the public money according to the criteria of efficiency and economy.

The minister of National Defense also has in his subordination: - counselors of minister; - diplomatic counselor; - minister's cabinet; - control body of the minister. - The Military Courts Directorate and the Military Prosecutor's Section are subordinated to the minister of National Defense only regarding the aspects established by common order of minister of National Defense, minister of Justice and General Prosecutor.

The Ministry of National Defense subordinates the service staffs, commands, directorates, education and research institutes, formations and other structures.

The Ministry of National Defense is led and represented by the minister of National Defense. The minister of National Defense in exercising the leadership is assisted by State Secretaries and chief of the General Staff.

At the Ministry of National Defense level exist: - College of Ministry of National Defense with consultative role; - Council of Defense Planning with deliberative role.

List of Ministers[edit]

Minister Title No. Name Term start Term end Cabinet Party
United Principalities
Minister of War
Ministru de Război
1 Prince Ioan Grigore Ghicai 19 July 1861 29 September 1862
2 General Ion Emanoil Florescui 30 August 1862 11 October 1863
3 General Alexandru Iacovache 12 October 1863 11 April 1864
4 General Savel Manu 12 April 1864 29 January 1866
5 Colonel Alexandru Solomon 30 January 1866 10 February 1866
6 Maior Dimitrie Leccai 11 February 1866 10 May 1866
(1) Prince Ioan Grigore Ghicaii 11 May 1866 5 August 1866
7 Colonel Nicolae Haralambie 6 August 1866 7 February 1867
8 General Tobias Gherghely 8 February 1867 23 May 1867
9 General Gheorghe Adrian 24 May 1867 11 August 1868
10 Ion C. Brătianui 12 August 1868 15 November 1868 PNL
11 Colonel Ioan Duca 16 November 1868 13 January 1869
12 General Gheorghe Manui 14 July 1869 17 December 1870
13 Colonel Pencovici Eustasie 18 December 1870 10 March 1871
14 General Christian Tell 11 March 1871 13 March 1871
(2) General Ion Emanoil Florescuii 14 March 1871 26 April 1876
15 General Gheorghe Slăniceanu 27 April 1876 1 April 1877
16 General Alexandru Cernati 2 April 1877 19 August 1877
(16) General Alexandru Cernatii 19 March 1878 24 November 1878
17 Colonel Nicolae Dabija 8 January 1879 10 July 1879
(6) Major Dimitrie Leccaii 11 July 1879 28 April 1880
Kingdom of Romania
Minister of War
Ministru de Război
(10) Ion C. Brătianuii 1 August 1882 22 June 1884 PNL
18 General Ștefan Fălcoianu 23 July 1884 12 January 1886
19 General Alexandru Anghelescu 21 February 1886 4 November 1887
(10) Ion C. Brătianuiii 5 November 1887 23 March 1888 PNL
20 General Constantin Barozzi 23 March 1888 11 November 1888
(12) General Gheorghe Manuii 12 November 1888 4 November 1889
22 General Matei Vlădescu 5 November 1889 20 February 1891
23 General Iacob Lahovaryi 21 February 1891 21 February 1894
24 Lascăr Catargiu 22 February 1894 11 June 1894 PC
25 Constantin Poenaru 12 June 1894 3 October 1895
26 Constantin I. Stoicescu 21 November 1896 24 November 1896
27 General Anton Berindei 25 November 1896 10 April 1899
(29) General Iacob Lahovaryii 11 April 1899 13 February 1901
30 D. A. Sturza 14 February 1901 21 December 1904 PNL
(12) General Gheorghe Manuiii 22 December 1904 11 March 1906
31 General Alexandru Averescu 13 March 1906 3 March 1909
32 Toma Stelian 4 March 1909 31 October 1909
33 General Grigore Crăiniceanu 1 November 1909 28 December 1910
34 Nicolae Filipescu 29 December 1910 27 March 1912
35 General Ioan Argetoianu 29 March 1912 13 October 1912
36 General Constantin Harjeui 14 October 1912 3 January 1914
37 Ion I. C. Brătianui 4 January 1914 14 August 1916 PNL
38 Vintilă Brătianui 15 August 1916 9 July 1917 PNL
(38) Vintilă Brătianuii 9 July 1917 19 July 1917 PNL
39 General Constantin Iancovescu 20 July 1917 5 March 1918
(36) General Constantin Harjeuii 6 March 1928 23 October 1918
40 General Eremia Grigorescu 24 October 1918 28 November 1918
41 General Arthur Văitoianu 29 November 1918 26 September 1919
42 General Ioan Rășcanui 27 September 1919 1 March 1920
43 General Traian Moșoiu 2 March 1920 11 March 1920
(42) General Ioan Rășcanuii 12 March 1920 15 December 1921
44 General Ștefan Holban 17 December 1921 18 January 1922
(37) Ion I. C. Brătianuii 19 January 1922 19 April 1922 PNL
45 General Gheorghe Mărdărescu 20 April 1922 29 March 1926
46 General Ludovic Mircescu 30 March 1926 3 June 1927
47 General Paul Angelescui 4 June 1927 9 November 1928
48 General Henry Cihoschi 10 November 1928 4 April 1930
49 Iuliu Maniu 5 April 1930 13 April 1930 PNȚ
50 General Nicolae Condeescu 14 April 1930 18 April 1931
51 General Amza C. Ștefănescu 19 April 1931 11 August 1932
52 General Nicolae Samsonovici 11 August 1932 14 November 1933
53 General Nicolae Uica 14 November 1933 1 June 1934
54 Gheorghe Tătărescu 1 June 1934 26 July 1934 PNL
(47) General Paul Anghelescuii 27 July 1934 8 August 1937
55 Aviation General Radu Irimescu 28 August 1937 4 September 1937
56 Division General Constantin Ilasievici 4 September 1937 27 December 1937
57 Division General Ion Antonescui 28 December 1937 30 March 1938 Mil
58 Division General Gheorghe Argeșanu 30 March 1938 13 October 1938
59 Division General Nicolae Ciupercă 13 October 1938 1 February 1939
60 Armand Călinescu 1 February 1939 21 September 1939
61 Army Corps General Ioan Ilcușu 21 September 1939 4 July 1940
62 General Constantin Nicolaescu 4 July 1940 6 September 1940
(57) Division General Ion Antonescuii 6 September 1940 27 January 1941 Mil
63 General Iosif Iacobici 27 January 1941 22 September 1942
(57) Division General Ion Antonescuiii 22 September 1941 23 January 1942 Mil.
64 General Constantin Pantazi 23 January 1942 23 August 1944 Mil.
65 Army Corps General Ioan-Mihai Racoviță 24 August 1944 5 November 1944 Mil.
66 Army Corps General Constantin Sănătescu 6 November 1944 6 December 1944 Mil.
67 Army Corps General Ion Negulescu 7 December 1944 6 March 1945 Mil.
68 Army Corps General Vasile-Constantin Vasiliu-Rascanu 7 March 1945 29 November 1946 Mil.
69 Army Corps General Mihail Lascăr 29 November 1946 27 December 1947 Mil.
Communist Romania
Minister of War
Ministru de Război
70 Army General Emil Bodnăraș 27 December 1947 3 October 1955 Mil./PMR
Minister of National Defense
Ministrul Apărării Naționale
71 Army General Leontin Sălăjan 3 October 1965 28 August 1966 Mil./PCR
72 Army General Ioan Ioniță 29 October 1966 16 June 1976 Mil.
73 Colonel General Ioan Coman 16 June 1976 29 March 1980 Mil.
74 Colonel General Constantin Olteanu 29 March 1980 16 December 1985 Mil.
75 Colonel General Vasile Milea 16 December 1985 22 December 1989 Mil.
Romania since 1989
Minister of National Defense
Ministrul Apărării Naționale
76 Army General Nicolae Militaru 22 December 1989 16 February 1990 Mil.
77 Army General Victor Stănculescu 16 February 1990 29 April 1991 Mil.
78 Lieutenant General Niculae Spiroiu 30 April 1991 6 March 1994 Mil.
79 Gheorghe Tinca 6 March 1994 12 December 1996 Văcăroiu I
80 Victor Babiuc 12 December 1996 11 February 1998 PD
81 Constantin Dudu Ionescu 12 February 1998 16 April 1998 PNȚCD
82 Victor Babiuc 16 April 1998 13 March 2000 PD
83 Sorin Frunzăverdei 13 March 2000 28 December 2000 Isărescu I PD
84 Ioan Mircea Pașcu 28 December 2000 28 December 2004 Năstase I PDSR/PSD
85 Teodor Atanasiu 28 December 2004 25 October 2006 Tăriceanu I PNL
Minister of Defense
Ministrul Apărării
(83) Sorin Frunzăverdeii 25 October 2006 10 April 2007 PD
86 Teodor Meleșcanu 10 April 2007 22 December 2008 Tăriceanu II PNL
Minister of National Defense
Ministrul Apărării Naționale
87 Mihai Stănișoară 22 December 2008 23 December 2009 Boc I PD-L
88 Gabriel Oprea 23 December 2009 9 February 2012 Boc II Indep./UNPR
9 February 2012 7 May 2012 Ungureanu
89 Corneliu Dobrițoiu 7 May 2012 Ponta PNL

Romania used the Julian calendar until 1919, but all dates are given in the Gregorian calendar.

The following party abbreviations are used:

PNL = National Liberal Party PC = Conservative Party
PNR = Romanian National Party PP = People's Party
PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party PNȚ = National Peasants' Party
PND = Democratic Nationalist Party PNC = National Christian Party
FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
FP = Ploughmen's Front
PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
FSN = National Salvation Front
PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
PNȚCD = Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party PD = Democratic Party
PD-L = Democratic Liberal Party
Mil. = Military Ind. = Independent

See also[edit]

External links[edit]