Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (India)
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy or MNRE is a ministry of Government of India. The ministry is headed by Farooq Abdullah, a Cabinet Minister. The ministry was established as the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources in 1992. It adopted its current name in October 2006.
The Ministry is mainly responsible for research and development, intellectual property protection, and international cooperation, promotion, and coordination in renewable energy sources such as wind power, small hydro, biogas, and solar power. The broad aim of the Ministry is to develop and deploy new and renewable energy for supplementing the energy requirements of India.
1970s energy crisis led to the establishment of the Commission for Additional Sources of Energy (CASE) in the Department of Science & Technology (India) in March 1981. CASE was responsible for formulation of policies and their implementation, creation of programmes for development of new and renewable energy and coordinating and intensifying R&D in the sector.
In 1982, a new department was created in the then Ministry of Energy, i.e., Department of Non-conventional Energy Sources (DNES). DNES incorporated CASE under its umbrella.
A decade later, in 1992, DNES became the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources (MNES). In October 2006, the Ministry was re-christened as the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
The mission of the Ministry is to bring in Energy Security; Increase the share of clean power; increase Energy Availability and Access; improve Energy Affordability; and maximise Energy Equity.
Key functional area 
The major functional area or Allocation of Business of MNRE are:
- Commission for Additional Sources of Energy (CASE);
- Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA);
- Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP);
- Research and development of Biogas and programmes relating to Biogas units;
- Solar Energy including Solar Photovoltaic devices and their development, production and applications;
- Programme relating to improved chulhas and research and development thereof;
- All matters relating to small/mini/micro hydel projects of and below 25 MW capacities;
- Research and development of other non-conventional/renewable sources of energy and programmes relating thereto;
- Tidal energy;
- Geothermal Energy;
- Biofuel: (i) National Policy; (ii) research, development and demonstration on transport, stationary and other applications; (iii) setting up of a National Bio-fuels Development Board and strengthening the existing institutional mechanism; and (iv) overall coordination.
- Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) - The objective of the mission is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy, by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible.
- National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP)
- Solar Lantern Programme
- Solar thermal energy Demonstration Programme
- Remote Village Lighting Programme
- National Biomass Cookstoves Initiative (NBCI)
Power from renewables 
As of October 2012, the Ministry was successful in deploying a total of 26266.96 Megawatt (MW) capacity of grid-based renewable energy. 18274.80 MW of which was from Wind power, 3451.49 MW from Small hydro Power, 2175.23 MW from Bagasse Cogeneration, 1226.60 MW from Biomass power, 1045.16 from Solar power (SPV), and the rest from Waste to Power.
During the same time period, the total deployment of Off-grid based renewable energy capacity was 787.53 MW. Of these, Biomass (non-bagasse) Cogeneration consisted of 416.94 MW, Biomass Gasifier was 138.05 MW, Waste to energy was 73.72 MW, SPV Systems (of less than 1 Kilowatt (kW)) capacity was 103.81 MW, and the rest from micro-Hydro and Wind power.
Remote village electrification 
Under the leadership of MNRE, the total number of villages that were provided with the Renewable Energy Systems was 8846.
Other renewable energy systems 
Institutions and regional offices 
The Ministry has 4 specialised technical institution. They are:-
- The Solar Energy Centre (SEC), located in Haryana.
- Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu
- The Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy (SSS-NIRE), near Jallandhar, Punjab.
- Alternate Hydro Energy Centre, located inside the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee campus.
It also has a specialised financial institution called the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA), in New Delhi. The agency provides term loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.
The Ministry have 2 Regional Offices. One is located in Guwahati, Assam and the other one at Bhubaneshwar, Orissa. The Guwahati office has its functional jurisdiction in Northeast India including Sikkim, while the Bhubaneshwar office has it in Orissa and West Bengal.
See also 
- Energy policy of India
- National hydrogen energy road map
- Renewable energy in India
- Wind power in India
- Department of Energy (Tamil Nadu)