Ministry of Public Education (Italy)

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Ministry of Public Education - (IMPE)
Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione - (MPI)
Agency overview
Formed 1861
Jurisdiction Council of Ministers of Italy
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Minister responsible Mariastella Gelmini (PdL), Minister of Public Education
Website www.pubblica.istruzione.it

The Ministry of Public Education (Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, or MPI) was (1861-1929; 1944-2001; 2006-2008) was the organ of the Italian Republic devoted to the administration of the national education system. It has now been merged into the Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca (MIUR).

History[edit]

Set up in 1861 under the Cavour cabinet, it was suppressed on 12 September 1929 by Benito Mussolini's cabinet, and replaced by the Ministero dell'Educazione Nazionale (Ministry of National Education). This name persisted until 29 May 1944 (i.e. until under the second cabinet of Pietro Badoglio), and the second Ivanoe Bonomi cabinet had it revert to its original name (della Pubblica Istruzione).

It remained unchanged until 14 December 1974, when Giovanni Spadolini (then head of government) created the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, which took over responsibilities and functions from this and other ministries. In 1988, the Ministero dell'Università e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica also subsumed some of the education ministry's responsibilities. In the first Romano Prodi cabinet the two were merged into the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, Università, Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica, then the Ministero dell'istruzione, dell'università e della ricerca (MIUR) in the second and third Silvio Berlusconi cabinets. The two were re-separated in the second Prodi cabinet of 17 May 2006, but then re-merged in the fourth Berlusconi cabinet of 7 May 2007.

Organization[edit]

At its end in 2007, the Ministry consisted of (2007):

  • Uffici per la diretta collaborazione del Ministro
  • Dipartimento per l'Istruzione
    • D.G. Affari internazionali
    • D.G. Istruzione post-secondaria
    • D.G. Ordinamenti scolastici
    • D.G. Personale della scuola
    • D.G. Studente
  • Dipartimento per la programmazione
    • D.G. Comunicazione
    • D.G. Politica finanziaria e bilancio
    • D.G. Risorse umane
    • D.G. Sistemi informativi
    • D.G. Studi e programmazione

Ministers since 1946[edit]

Name Period Cabinet
Ministro della Pubblica Istruzione
Guido Gonella (DC) 13 July 1946 – 28 January 1947 De Gasperi II Cabinet
Guido Gonella (DC) 2 February 1947 – 31 May 1947 De Gasperi III Cabinet
Guido Gonella (DC) 31 May 1947 – 23 May 1948 De Gasperi IV Cabinet
Guido Gonella (DC) 23 May 1948 – 14 January 1950 De Gasperi V Cabinet
Guido Gonella (DC) 27 January 1950 – 19 July 1951 De Gasperi VI Cabinet
Antonio Segni (DC) 26 July 1951 – 7 July 1953 De Gasperi VII Cabinet
Giuseppe Bettiol (DC) 16 July 1953 – 2 August 1953 De Gasperi VIII Cabinet
Antonio Segni (DC) 17 August 1953 – 12 January 1954 Pella Cabinet
Egidio Tosato (DC) 18 January 1954 – 8 February 1954 Fanfani I Cabinet
Gaetano Martino (PLI)

Giuseppe Ermini

10 February 1954 - 19 September 1954

19 September 1954 - 2 July 1955

Scelba Cabinet
Paolo Rossi (PSDI) 6 July 1955 – 15 May 1957 Segni I Cabinet
Aldo Moro (DC) 19 May 1957 – 1 July 1958 Zoli Cabinet
Aldo Moro (DC) 1 July 1958 – 15 February 1959 Fanfani II Cabinet
Giuseppe Medici (DC) 15 February 1959 – 23 March 1960 Segni II Cabinet
Giuseppe Medici (DC) 25 March 1960 – 26 July 1960 Tambroni Cabinet
Giacinto Bosco (DC) 26 July 1960 – 21 February 1962 Fanfani III Cabinet
Luigi Gui (DC) 21 February 1962 – 21 June 1963 Fanfani IV Cabinet
Luigi Gui (DC) 21 June 1963 – 4 December 1963 Leone I Cabinet
Luigi Gui (DC) 4 December 1963 – 22 July 1964 Moro I Cabinet
Luigi Gui (DC) 22 July 1964 – 23 February 1966 Moro II Cabinet
Luigi Gui (DC) 23 February 1966 – 24 June 1968 Moro III Cabinet
Giovanni Battista Scaglia (DC) 24 June 1968 – 12 December 1968 Leone II Cabinet
Fiorentino Sullo (DC)

Mario Ferrari Aggradi

12 December 1968 - 24 February 1969

24 February 1969 - 5 August 1969

Rumor I Cabinet
Mario Ferrari Aggradi (DC) 5 August 1969 – 23 March 1970 Rumor II Cabinet
Riccardo Misasi (DC) 27 March 1970 – 6 August 1970 Rumor III Cabinet
Riccardo Misasi (DC) 6 August 1970 – 17 February 1972 Colombo Cabinet
Riccardo Misasi (DC) 17 February 1972 – 26 June 1972 Andreotti I Cabinet
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (DC) 26 July 1972 – 7 July 1973 Andreotti II Cabinet
Franco Maria Malfatti (DC) 7 July 1973 – 14 March 1974 Rumor IV Cabinet
Franco Maria Malfatti (DC) 14 March 1974 – 23 November 1974 Rumor V Cabinet
Franco Maria Malfatti (DC) 23 November 1974 – 12 February 1976 Moro IV Cabinet
Franco Maria Malfatti (DC) 12 February 1976 – 29 July 1976 Moro V Cabinet
Franco Maria Malfatti (DC) 29 July 1976 – 11 March 1978 Andreotti III Cabinet
Mario Pedini (DC) 11 March 1978 – 20 March 1979 Andreotti IV Cabinet
Giovanni Spadolini (PRI) 20 March 1979 – 4 August 1979 Andreotti V Cabinet
Salvatore Valitutti (PLI) 4 August 1979 – 4 April 1980 Cossiga I Cabinet
Adolfo Sarti (DC) 4 April 1980 – 18 October 1980 Cossiga II Cabinet
Guido Bodrato (DC) 18 October 1980 – 26 June 1981 Forlani Cabinet
Guido Bodrato (DC) 28 June 1981 – 23 August 1982 Spadolini I Cabinet
Guido Bodrato (DC) 23 August 1982 – 1 December 1982 Spadolini II Cabinet
Franca Falcucci (DC) 1 December 1982 – 4 August 1983 Fanfani V Cabinet
Franca Falcucci (DC) 4 August 1983 – 1 August 1986 Craxi I Cabinet
Franca Falcucci (DC) 1 August 1986 – 17 April 1987 Craxi II Cabinet
Franca Falcucci (DC) 17 April 1987 – 28 July 1987 Fanfani VI Cabinet
Giovanni Galloni (DC) 28 July 1987 – 13 April 1988 Goria Cabinet
Giovanni Galloni (DC) 13 April 1988 – 22 July 1989 De Mita Cabinet
Sergio Mattarella (DC)

Gerardo Bianco (DC)

22 July 1989 - 27 July 1990

27 July 1990 - 12 April 1991

Andreotti VI Cabinet
Riccardo Misasi (DC) 12 April 1991 – 28 June 1992 Andreotti VII Cabinet
Rosa Russo Iervolino (DC) 28 June 1992 – 28 April 1993 Amato I Cabinet
Rosa Russo Iervolino (DC) 28 April 1993 – 10 May 1994 Ciampi Cabinet
Francesco D'Onofrio (CCD) 10 May 1994 – 17 January 1995 Berlusconi I Cabinet
Giancarlo Lombardi (independent) 17 January 1995 – 17 May 1996 Dini Cabinet
Luigi Berlinguer (PDS) 17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998 Prodi I Cabinet
Luigi Berlinguer (DS) 21 October 1998 – 22 December 1999 D'Alema I Cabinet
Luigi Berlinguer (DS) 22 December 1999 – 25 April 2000 D'Alema II Cabinet
Tullio De Mauro (independent) 25 April 2000 – 11 June 2001 Amato II Cabinet
Ministro dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca (MIUR)[1]
Letizia Moratti (FI) 11 June 2001 – 23 April 2005 Berlusconi II Cabinet
Letizia Moratti (FI) 23 April 2005 – 17 May 2006 Berlusconi III Cabinet
Ministro della Pubblica Istruzione
Giuseppe Fioroni (PD) 17 May 2006 – 8 May 2008 Prodi II Cabinet
Ministro dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca (MIUR)
Mariastella Gelmini (PdL-FI) 8 May 2008 - 16 November 2011 Berlusconi IV Cabinet
Francesco Profumo (independent) 16 November 2011 – 28 April 2013 Monti Cabinet
Maria Chiara Carrozza (PD) 28 April 2013 – 22 February 2014 Letta Cabinet
Stefania Giannini (SC) 22 February 2014 – present Renzi Cabinet
  1. ^ The Public Education ministry was subsumed into the Ministro dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca

External links[edit]