Ministry of Railways (India)

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Ministry of Railways
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Department overview
Jurisdiction Rail transport in India
Headquarters Rail Bhavan, New Delhi
Minister responsible , Minister of Railways
D. V. Sadananda Gowda
Minister of Railways
Assumed office
26 May 2014
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Mallikarjun Kharge
Constituency Bangalore North
Personal details
Born (1953-03-19) 19 March 1953 (age 61)
Sulya, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Political party Bhartiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Datty Sadananda
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Hinduism

The Ministry of Railways is a ministry in the Government of India, responsible for the country's rail transport. The ministry operates the state-owned Indian Railways, an organisation that operates as a monopoly in rail transport and is headed by the Chairman Railway Board. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Railways, a cabinet-level minister who presents the rail budget every year in parliament. D. V. Sadananda Gowda has served as Minister of Railways since 26 May 2014.

Organisational Structure[edit]

Rail Bhavan in New Delhi, the seat of the Ministry of Railways

There is one Union Minister of Railways, and a Minister of State for Railways. Manoj Sinha is the current Minister of State for Railways. The Railway Board, which is the apex body of the Indian Railways reports to the Minister of Railways. The Railway Board comprises one Chairman, five "members of the Railway Board.",[1] and a Financial Commissioner (who is the representative of the Ministry of Finance in the Railway Board). It also includes a Director-General (Railway Health Services) and a Director-General (Railway Protection Force). A number of directorates report to the Railway Board.

The Ministry of Railways is housed inside Rail Bhavan in New Delhi.

Railway Budget[edit]

Main article: Railway Budget

In 1921 , the East India Railway Committee, chaired by Sir William Acworth, hence also known as the Acworth Committee, pointed out the need for unified management of the entire railway system. On the recommendations of this committee and ratification of the resolution for separation in 1924, the government took over the actual management of all the railways, and also separated the railway finances from the general governmental finances, leading to the practice of presenting the Railway Budget separately from the general budget of India every year. The Railway Board was expanded to have a Financial Commissioner, a member in charge of ways, works, stores and projects, and a member in charge of administration, staff, and traffic. Accordingly, from 1 April 1929, the responsibility for the compilation of accounts for the Railways was taken over by the Financial Commissioner, Railways from the Auditor General.

In 1924, the railway budget formed about 70% of the country's budget. So separating it out allowed better focus on each budget's priorities. The Railway Budget now is less than 15% of India's national budget. The presentation of the Railway budget is of interest to the people, because the introduction of new train services, fare changes and tariffs are announced at this time. Each year, the railway budget is made available for viewing.


  1. ^ [1] Corporate Overview of Indian Railways Ministry

External links[edit]