Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (Netherlands)

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Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment
Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid
Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
Coat of arms of the Netherlands
Ministerie Sociale Zaken.JPG
Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment
Department overview
Formed September 25, 1918; 95 years ago (1918-09-25)
Jurisdiction Kingdom of the Netherlands
Headquarters Anna van Hannoverstraat 4, The Hague, Netherlands
Annual budget €73,4 billion (2013)[1]
Minister responsible Lodewijk Asscher, Minister of Social Affairs and Employment
Deputy Minister responsible Jetta Klijnsma, State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment
Website Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment

The Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (Dutch: Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid; SZW) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Social Affairs, Employment, relations between Employers and Employees, Social security, Trade unions and Emancipation. The Ministry was created in 1918 as the Ministry of Labour and had several name changes before it became the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment in 1981. The Ministry is headed by the Minister of Social Affairs and Employment, currently Lodewijk Asscher.

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

Responsibilities[edit]

The ministry is responsible for five fields of policy:

Organization[edit]

The ministry is currently headed by one minister and one state secretary. The ministry's main office is located in The Hague. The civil service is headed by a Secretary General and a vice-secretary general, who head a system of three directorates general:

  • Relations between employers and employees and international affairs
  • Occupational safety and Health and social insurances
  • Labour market policy and social welfare

Furthermore, there is an inspector general responsible for the inspection employment and income, who supervises the local centres for employment and income.

Mobility centres[edit]

Beginning in 2006, the Ministry established a network of mobility centres whose function is to coordinate the multiple companies of any given industry to facilitate the movement of employees between companies. This is seen as an alternative to forced lay-offs.

History[edit]

The ministry was founded in 1933, at the height of the Great Depression. Before that the limited social policy had been the responsibility of the ministry of Economic Affairs. After the Second World War the ministry became much more important, as the Netherlands transformed into a welfare state.

In 1982 the responsibility for labour market policy was transferred to the ministry from the ministry of Economic Affairs in order to enlarge the portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister Joop den Uyl. Emancipation also became a responsibility of the ministry.

List of Ministers of Social Affairs and Employment[edit]

For full list, see List of Ministers of Social Affairs and Employment of the Netherlands. (Dutch)

Minister of
Social Affairs
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Jan Rudolph Slotemaker de Bruine Jan Rudolph Slotemaker de Bruine May 26, 1933 –
July 31, 1935
CHU Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn II)
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Marcus Slingenberg July 31, 1935 –
June 24, 1937
VDB Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn III)
Carl Romme Carl Romme June 24, 1937 –
July 25, 1939
RKSP Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IV)
Marinus Damme Marinus Damme July 25, 1939 –
August 10, 1939
Indep. Lib. Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn V)
Jan van den Tempel Jan van den Tempel August 10, 1939 –
February 23, 1945
SDAP Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Frans Wijffels February 23, 1945 –
June 24, 1945
KVP Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
Willem Drees Willem Drees
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
June 24, 1945 –
August 7, 1948
SDAP
PvdA
Wim Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn-Drees)
Beel
(Beel I)
Dolf Joekes Dolf Joekes August 7, 1948 –
March 15, 1951
VDB Willem Drees
(Drees-Van Schaik)
Minister of Social Affairs
and Health
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Dolf Joekes Dolf Joekes March 15, 1951 –
September 2, 1952
VDB Willem Drees
(Drees I
Ko Suurhoff Ko Suurhoff September 2, 1952 –
December 22, 1958
PvdA Willem Drees
(Drees IIIII)
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(ad interim, as
Prime Minister)
December 22, 1958 –
May 19, 1959
KVP Louis Beel
(Beel II)
Charles van Rooy Charles van Rooy May 19, 1959 –
July 3, 1961[Res]
KVP Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
Victor Marijnen Victor Marijnen
(ad interim, as
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries)
July 3, 1961 –
July 17, 1961
KVP
Gerard Veldkamp Gerard Veldkamp July 17, 1961 –
April 5, 1967
KVP Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
Jo Cals
(Cals)
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
Bauke Roolvink Bauke Roolvink April 5, 1967 –
July 6, 1971
ARP Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
Minister of
Social Affairs
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Jaap Boersma Jaap Boersma July 6, 1971 –
December 19, 1977
ARP Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
Wil Albeda Wil Albeda December 19, 1977 –
September 11, 1981
ARP Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
Minister of Social Affairs
and Employment
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Joop den Uyl Joop den Uyl
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
September 11, 1981 –
May 29, 1982[Res]
PvdA Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
Louw de Graaf Louw de Graaf May 29, 1982 –
November 4, 1982
CDA Dries van Agt
(Van Agt III)
Kees van Dijk Jan de Koning November 4, 1982 –
February 3, 1987
CDA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
Louw de Graaf Louw de Graaf
(ad interim[1])
February 3, 1987 –
May 6, 1987
CDA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers II)
Kees van Dijk Jan de Koning May 6, 1987 –
November 7, 1989
CDA
Bert de Vries Bert de Vries November 7, 1989 –
August 22, 1994
CDA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
Ad Melkert Ad Melkert August 22, 1994 –
August 3, 1998
PvdA Wim Kok
(Kok I)
Klaas de Vries Klaas de Vries August 3, 1998 –
March 24, 2000[2]
PvdA Wim Kok
(Kok II)
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Willem Vermeend March 24, 2000 –
July 22, 2002
PvdA
Aart Jan de Geus Aart Jan de Geus
(also Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport
Oct. 16, 2002 – May 27, 2003)
July 22, 2002 –
February 22, 2007
CDA Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IIIIII)
Piet Hein Donner Piet Hein Donner February 22, 2007 –
October 14, 2010
CDA Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
Henk Kamp Henk Kamp October 14, 2010 –
November 5, 2012
VVD Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
Lodewijk Asscher Lodewijk Asscher
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
November 5, 2012 – PvdA Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
Res. Resigned.
1 Louw de Graaf served as interim Minister of Social Affairs and Employment while Jan de Koning was temporary Minister of the Interior
2 Appointed Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations

Living former Ministers of Minister of Social Affairs and Employment[edit]

Minister of Social Affairs and Employment Term Age
Louw de Graaf 1982, 1987 (1930-04-30) April 30, 1930 (age 84)
Bert de Vries 1989-1994 (1938-03-29) March 29, 1938 (age 76)
Ad Melkert 1994-1998 (1956-02-12) February 12, 1956 (age 58)
Klaas de Vries 1998-2000 (1943-04-28) April 28, 1943 (age 71)
Willem Vermeend 2000-2002 (1948-12-21) December 21, 1948 (age 65)
Aart Jan de Geus 2002-2007 (1955-07-28) July 28, 1955 (age 58)
Piet Hein Donner 2007-2010 (1948-10-20) October 20, 1948 (age 65)
Henk Kamp 2010-2012 (1952-07-23) July 23, 1952 (age 61)
Lodewijk Asscher 2012- (1974-09-27) September 27, 1974 (age 39)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) XV Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid, Rijksoverheid, September 18, 2012

External links[edit]