Ministry of the Interior (Spain)

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Ministry of the Interior
Ministerio del Interior
MinisterioInterior.svg
Agency overview
Formed 31 December 1874
Type Ministry
Jurisdiction Government of Spain
Headquarters Paseo de la Castellana, 5
Madrid
Annual budget 8,996,250,900 €, 2009[1]
Minister responsible Jorge Fernández Díaz, Minister of the Interior
Child agencies Secretaría de Estado de Seguridad[2]
Dirección General de la Policía y de la Guardia Civil
Dirección General de Instituciones Penitenciarias[2]
Website www.mir.es

The Ministry of Interior of Spain (Spanish: Ministerio del Interior) which historically could be known as Ministerio de la Gobernación, Ministerio del Orden Público, Ministerio del Interior y la Gobernación or Ministerio del Interior y Justicia is the executive branch responsible for policing, national security, immigration matters, prisons and road traffic safety.

Functions[edit]

In accordance with Royal Decree 991/2006, of 8 September, to the Ministry of the Interior will:

  1. The preparation and execution of government policy in relation to the general administration of public security.
  2. Promoting the conditions for the exercise of fundamental rights, especially in relation to freedom and personal safety, as established in the Spanish Constitution and the laws that implement them.
  3. The senior command and the direction and coordination of the Security Forces of the State.
  4. The companies and private security control.
  5. The exercise of the powers that, in policing, given the current legislation on aliens.
  6. The system of asylum, refuge and protection regime for displaced persons.
  7. The administration system and correctional institutions.
  8. The completion of the actions necessary for the development of electoral processes.
  9. The exercise of the powers conferred by law on civil protection.
  10. The general administration of the traffic police and road safety.

The Minister of the Interior, as head of the department, is responsible of:

  1. The initiative, planning, management and supervision of all services of the ministry.
  2. The senior command of the Forces of State Security
  3. The duties assigned to it by other laws or rules.

List of Ministers of the Interior of Spain[edit]

The holders of the office of Minister of the Interior of Spain, from the reign of Ferdinand VII to the present time:

Period Took office Left office Name Party
Reign of
Ferdinand VII
(1814–1833)
18 March 1820 2 March 1821 Agustín Argüelles Álvarez (6)
4 March 1821 4 May 1821 Mateo Valdemoros (6)
4 May 1821 8 January 1822 Ramón Feliú (6)
8 January 1822 28 February 1822 Francisco Javier Pinilla (Interim) (6)
28 February 1822 7 July 1822 José María Moscoso y Quiroga (6)
10 July 1822 5 August 1822 José María Calatrava (6)
5 August 1822 28 of February 1823 Francisco de Paula Fernández Gascó (6)
28 February 1823 12 May 1823 José María Calatrava (6)
18 May 1823 2 June 1823 Manuel García Herreros (6)
2 June 1823 30 September 1823 Salvador Manzanares (6)
30 September 1823 2 December 1823 José Aznarez Navarro (6)(7)
Regengy of
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
(1833–1840)
13 June 1835 28 August 1835 Juan Álvarez Guerra (3)
28 August 1835 14 September 1835 Manuel de la Riva Herrera (3)
14 September 1835 27 September 1835 Ramón Gil de la Cuadra (3)
27 September 1835 15 May 1836 Martín de los Heros (3)
15 May 1836 14 August 1836 Ángel de Saavedra (1)
14 August 1836 11 September 1836 Ramón Gil de la Cuadra (1)
11 September 1836 27 March 1837 Joaquín María López (1)
27 March 1837 9 July 1837 Pío Pita Pizarro (1)
9 July 1837 18 August 1837 Pedro Antonio Acuña y Cuadros (1)
18 August 1837 23 August 1837 José Manuel Vadillo (1)
23 August 1837 1 October 1837 Diego González Alonso (1)
1 October 1837 26 November 1837 Rafael Pérez (1)
26 November 1837 16 December 1837 Francisco Javier Ulloa (Interim) (1)
16 December 1837 6 September 1838 Joaquín José de Muro y Vidaurreta (1)
6 September 1838 21 November 1838 Alberto Felipe Baldrich (1)
6 December 1838 9 December 1838 Francisco Agustín Silvela y Blanco (1)
9 December 1838 10 May 1839 Antonio Hompanera of Cos (1)
10 May 1839 18 May 1839 Lorenzo Arrazola (Interim) (1)
18 May 1839 21 October 1839 Juan Martín Carramolino (1)
21 October 1839 16 November 1839 Lorenzo Arrazola (Interim) (1)
16 November 1839 8 April 1840 Saturnino Calderón Collantes (1)
8 April 1840 20 July 1840 Agustín Armendariz (1)
20 July 1840 12 August 1840 Vicente Sancho (1)
12 August 1840 19 July 1840 Francisco Cabello (1)
19 July 1840 29 August 1840 José María Secades del Rivero (Interim) (1)
29 August 1840 11 September 1840 Fermín Arteta Sesma (1)
11 September 1840 16 September 1840 Francisco Cabello (1)
Regengy of
Baldomero Espartero
(1840–1843)
3 October 1840 21 May 1841 Manuel Cortina (1)
21 May 1841 17 June 1842 Facundo Infante (1)
17 June 1842 9 May 1843 Mariano Torres Solanot (1)
9 May 1843 19 May 1843 Fermín Caballero (1)
19 May 1843 30 July 1843 Pedro Gómez de la Serna (1)
Reign of
Isabella II
(1843–1868)
30 July 1843 24 November 1843 Fermín Caballero (1)
24 November 1843 1 December 1843 Jacinto Félix Domenech (1)
1 December 1843 3 May 1844 José Justiniani (1)
3 May 1844 12 February 1846 Pedro José Pidal (1)
12 February 1846 16 March 1846 Francisco Javier de Istúriz (1)
16 March 1846 5 April 1846 Javier de Burgos (1)
5 April 1846 28 January 1847 Pedro José Pidal (1)
28 January 1847 28 March 1847 Manuel Seijas Lozano (1)
28 March 1847 31 August 1847 Antonio Benavides (1)
31 August 1847 4 October 1847 Patricio de la Escosura (1)
4 October 1847 19 October 1849 Luis José Sartorius (1)
19 October 1849 20 October 1849 Trinidad Balboa (1)
20 October 1849 14 January 1851 Luis José Sartorius (1)
14 January 1851 5 April 1851 Fermín Arteta Sesma (1)
5 April 1851 7 August 1851 Manuel Bertrán de Lis y Ribes (1)
7 August 1851 15 November 1851 Melchor Ordóñez (1)
15 November 1851 14 December 1852 Cristobal Bordiú (1)
14 December 1852 10 January 1853 Alejandro Llorente (1)
10 January 1853 14 April 1853 Antonio Benavides (1)
14 April 1853 19 September 1853 Pablo Egaña (1)
19 September 1853 18 July 1854 Luis José Sartorius (1)
18 July 1854 30 July 1854 Antonio de los Ríos Rosas (1)
30 July 1854 6 June 1855 Francisco Santa Cruz (1)
6 June 1855 15 January 1856 Julián Huelves (1)
15 January 1856 14 July 1856 Patricio de la Escosura (1)
14 July 1856 12 October 1856 Antonio de los Ríos Rosas (1)
12 October 1856 15 October 1857 Cándido Nocedal (1)
15 October 1857 25 October 1857 Francisco Armero Peñaranda (Interim) (1)
25 October 1857 14 January 1858 Manuel Bermúdez de Castro y Díez (1)
14 January 1858 5 May 1858 Ventura Díaz (1)
5 May 1858 17 January 1863 José de Posada Herrera (1)
17 January 1863 2 March 1863 Antonio Aguilar y Correa (1)
2 March 1863 17 January 1864 Florencio Rodríguez Vaamonde (1)
17 January 1864 1 March 1864 Antonio Benavides (1)
1 March 1864 16 September 1864 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo (1)
16 September 1864 21 June 1865 Luis González Bravo (1)
21 June 1865 10 July 1866 José de Posada Herrera (1)
10 July 1866 20 September 1868 Luis González Bravo (1)
Junta Revolucionaria Interina
(1868)
8 October 1868 9 January 1870 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1)
9 January 1870 25 December 1870 Nicolás María Rivero (1)
25 December 1870 4 January 1871 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1)
Reign of
Amadeo I
(1871–1873)
4 January 1871 24 July 1871 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1)
24 July 1871 5 October 1871 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla (1)
5 October 1871 21 December 1871 Francisco de Paula Candau (1)
21 December 1871 26 May 1872 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1)
26 May 1872 13 June 1872 Francisco de Paula Candau (1)
13 June 1872 12 February 1873 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla (1)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Estanislao Figueras
(1873)
12 February 1873 11 June 1873 Francisco Pi y Margall (1)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Francisco Pi y Margall
(1873)
11 June 1873 18 July 1871 Francisco Pi y Margall (1)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Nicolás Salmerón
(1873)
19 July 1873 4 September 1873 Eleuterio Maisonnave (1)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Emilio Castelar
(1873–1874)
4 September 1873 3 January 1874 Eleuterio Maisonnave (1)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
(1874)
3 January 1874 13 May 1874 Eugenio García Ruiz (1)
13 May 1874 31 December 1874 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1)
Reign of
Alfonso XII
(1874–1885)
31 December 1874 7 March 1879 Francisco Romero Robledo (1)
7 March 1879 9 December 1879 Francisco Silvela y Le Vielleuze (1)
9 December 1879 8 February 1881 Francisco Romero Robledo (1)
8 February 1881 9 January 1883 Venancio González y Fernández (1)
9 January 1883 13 October 1883 Pío Gullón Iglesias (1)
13 October 1883 18 January 1884 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (1)
18 January 1884 13 July 1885 Francisco Romero Robledo (1)
13 July 1885 27 November 1885 Raimundo Fernández Villaverde (1)
Regency of
María Cristina
for Alfonso XIII
(1885–1902)
27 November 1885 10 October 1886 Venancio González y Fernández (1)
10 October 1886 12 November 1887 Fernando León y Castillo (1)
12 November 1887 14 June 1888 José Luis Albareda y Sezde (1)
14 June 1888 11 December 1888 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (1)
11 December 1888 5 July 1890 Trinitario Ruiz Capdepón (1)
5 July 1890 23 November 1891 Francisco Silvela Le Vielleuze (1)
23 November 1891 25 June 1892 José Elduayen Gorriti (1)
25 June 1892 30 November 1892 Raimundo Fernández Villaverde (1)
30 November 1892 11 December 1892 Manuel Danvila Collado (1)
11 December 1892 14 October 1893 Venancio González y Fernández (1)
14 October 1893 12 March 1894 Joaquín López Puigcerver (1)
12 March 1894 4 November 1894 Alberto Aguilera Velasco (1)
4 November 1894 23 March 1895 Trinitario Ruiz Capdepón (1)
23 March 1895 4 October 1897 Fernando Cos-Gayón y Pons (1)
4 October 1897 4 March 1899 Trinitario Ruiz Capdepón (1)
4 March 1899 23 October 1900 Eduardo Dato Iradier (1)
23 October 1900 6 March 1901 Francisco Javier Ugarte Pagés (1)
6 March 1901 15 July 1901 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (1)
15 July 1901 23 July 1901 Miguel Villanueva y Gómez (1)
23 July 1901 19 March 1902 Alfonso González Lozano (1)
19 March 1902 17 May 1902 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (1)
Reign of
Alfonso XIII
(1902–1931)
17 May 1902 6 December 1902 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (1)
6 December 1902 20 July 1903 Antonio Maura y Montaner (1)
20 July 1903 5 December 1903 Antonio García Alix (1)
5 December 1903 5 December 1904 José Sánchez Guerra (1)
5 December 1904 16 December 1904 Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz (1)
16 December 1904 27 January 1905 Francisco Javier González de Castejón y Elío (1)
27 January 1905 23 June 1905 Augusto González Besada (1)
23 June 1905 1 December 1905 Manuel García Prieto (1)
1 December 1905 10 June 1906 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (1)
10 June 1906 6 July 1906 Benigno Quiroga y López Ballesteros (1)
6 July 1906 30 November 1906 Bernabé Dávila y Bertoloti (1)
30 November 1906 4 December 1906 Benigno Quiroga y López Ballesteros (1)
4 December 1906 25 January 1907 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (1)
25 January 1907 21 October 1909 Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (1)
21 October 1909 9 February 1910 Segismundo Moret y Prendergast (1)
9 February 1910 2 January 1911 Fernando Merino Villarino (1)
2 January 1911 3 April 1911 Demetrio Alonso Castrillo (1)
3 April 1911 29 June 1911 Trinitario Ruiz Valarino (1)
29 June 1911 31 December 1912 Antonio Barroso Castillo (1)
31 December 1912 27 October 1913 Santiago Alba Bonifaz (1)
27 October 1913 9 December 1915 José Sánchez Guerra (1)
9 December 1915 30 April 1916 Santiago Alba Bonifaz (1)
30 April 1916 19 April 1917 Joaquín Ruiz Jiménez (1)
19 April 1917 11 June 1917 Julio Burell y Cuéllar (1)
11 June 1917 3 November 1917 José Sánchez Guerra (1)
3 November 1917 22 March 1918 José Bahamonde y de Lanz (1)
23 March 1918 9 November 1918 Manuel García Prieto (1)
9 November 1918 5 December 1918 Luis Silvela Casado (1)
5 December 1918 15 April 1919 Amalio Gimeno y Cabañas (1)
15 April 1919 20 July 1919 Antonio Goicoechea y Cosculluela (1)
20 July 1919 12 December 1919 Manuel de Burgos y Mazo (1)
12 December 1919 5 May 1920 Joaquín Fernández Prida (1)
5 May 1920 1 September 1920 Francisco Bergamín García (1)
1 September 1920 14 August 1921 Gabino Bugallal Araújo (1)
14 August 1921 8 March 1922 Rafael Coello y Oliván (1)
8 March 1922 7 December 1922 Vicente Piniés Bayona (1)
7 December 1922 15 September 1923 Martín Rosales Martel (1)
17 September 1923 22 September 1923 Millán Millán de Pedro (1)
22 September 1923 30 January 1930 Severiano Martínez Anido (1)
30 January 1930 25 November 1930 Enrique March Balaguer (1)
25 November 1930 18 February 1931 Leopoldo Matos y Massieu (1)
18 February 1931 14 April 1931 José María de Hoyos y Vinent (1)
II Republic
(1931–1939)
14 April 1931 14 October 1931 Miguel Maura Gamazo (1) PRC
14 October 1931 12 September 1933 Santiago Casares Quiroga (1) FRG
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 Diego Martínez Barrio (1) PRR
8 October 1933 23 January 1934 Manuel Rico Avelló (1) Inofp.
23 January 1934 3 March 1934 Diego Martínez Barrio (1) PRR
3 March 1934 4 October 1934 Rafael Salazar Alonso (1) PRR
4 October 1934 3 April 1935 Eloy Vaquero Cantillo (1) PRR
3 April 1935 25 September 1935 Manuel Portela Valladares (1) Inofp.
25 September 1935 14 December 1935 Joaquín de Pablo-Blanco Torres (1) PRR
14 December 1935 19 February 1936 Manuel Portela Valladares (1) Inofp.
19 February 1936 17 April 1936 Amós Salvador Carreras (1) IR
17 April 1936 19 July 1936 Santiago Casares Quiroga (1) IR
19 July 1936 19 July 1936 Augusto Barcia Trelles (1) IR
19 July 1936 4 September 1936 Sebastián Pozas Perea (1) Military
4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Ángel Galarza Gago (1) PSOE
17 May 1937 5 April 1938 Julián Zugazagoitia Mendiesta (1) PSOE
5 April 1938 1 April 1939 Paulino Gómez Sáiz (1) PSOE
Francoism
(1936–1975)
30 January 1938 24 December 1938 Severiano Martínez Anido (2)
and Ramón Serrano Súñer (3)
24 December 1938 16 October 1940 Ramón Serrano Súñer (1)
16 October 1940 3 September 1942 Valentín Galarza Morante (1)
3 September 1942 25 February 1957 Blas Pérez González (1)
25 February 1957 29 October 1969 Camilo Alonso Vega (1)
and Vicente Fernández Bascarán (1) (Interim)
29 October 1969 9 June 1973 Tomás Garicano Goñi (1)
9 June 1973 3 January 1974 Carlos Arias Navarro (1)
3 January 1974 12 December 1975 José García Hernández (1)
Reign of
Juan Carlos I
(since 1975)
12 December 1975 5 July 1976 Manuel Fraga Iribarne (4)
5 July 1976 5 April 1979 Rodolfo Martín Villa (1) UCD Cst. (Suárez)
5 April 1979 2 May 1980 Antonio Ibáñez Freire (3) Military I (Suárez/Calvo-Sotelo)
2 May 1980 2 December 1982 Juan José Rosón Pérez (3) UCD
2 December 1982 11 July 1988 José Barrionuevo Peña (3) PSOE II • III • IV • V
(González)
11 July 1988 24 November 1993 José Luis Corcuera Cuesta (3) PSOE
24 November 1993 5 May 1994 Antoni Asunción Hernández (3) PSOE V (González)
5 May 1994 4 May 1996 Juan Alberto Belloch Julbe (5) PSOE
4 May 1996 27 February 2001 Jaime Mayor Oreja (3) PP VIVII (Aznar)
27 February 2001 9 July 2002 Mariano Rajoy Brey (3) PP VII (Aznar)
9 July 2002 17 April 2004 Ángel Acebes Paniagua (3) PP
17 April 2004 11 April 2006 José Antonio Alonso Suárez (3) PSOE VIII (Zapatero)
11 April 2006 11 July 2011 Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (3) PSOE VIIIIX (Zapatero)
11 July 2011 22 December 2011 Antonio Camacho Vizcaíno (3) PSOE IX (Zapatero)
22 December 2011 Incumbent Jorge Fernández Díaz (3) PP X (Rajoy)

(1) Minister of the Territory
(2) Minister of Public Order
(3) Minister of the Interior
(4) Minister of the Interior and the Territory
(5) Minister of Justice and the Interior
(6) Minister of the Territory of the Peninsula
(7) Between 1823 and 1835, neither a Ministry of the Interior nor Territory existed.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]