Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (Netherlands)

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Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties
Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
Coat of arms of the Netherlands
Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken.jpeg
Former building of the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
Department overview
Formed March 12, 1798; 216 years ago (1798-03-12)
Jurisdiction Kingdom of the Netherlands
Headquarters Schedeldoekshaven 200, The Hague, Netherlands
Employees 3,000
Annual budget €4,0 billion (2013)[1]
Ministers responsible Ronald Plasterk, Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
Stef Blok, Minister for Housing and Civil service
Website Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations

The Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (Dutch: Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties; BZK) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Home Affairs, Civil service, Intelligence and the relations with the other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Ministry was created in 1798 as the Department of internal police and monitor the state of dikes, roads and waters of the Batavian Republic and in 1876 became the Ministry of the Interior and had several name changes before it became the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations in 1998. The Ministry is headed by the Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, currently Ronald Plasterk.

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

Responsibilities[edit]

The Ministry is called the "Mother of all Ministries" because most ministries, like the former Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality and Ministry of Education, Culture and Science split from the ministry at one time or another or the "residual ministry", because it is left with a diverse set of responsibilities after this process. It has the legal mission to:

Because it shares so many responsibilities, and has twin buildings (both old and new) with the Ministry of Security and Justice, they are sometimes called the twin ministries.

Organization[edit]

The ministry is currently headed by one minister and one state secretary. It employs almost 3,000 civil servants. The ministry's main office is located in the centre of The Hague in the same building as the ministry of Justice. The civil service is headed by a secretary general and a vice-secretary general, who head a system of four directorates general:

  • The Directorate General for Public Administration
  • The Directorate General for Management and Personnel Policy
  • The Directorate General for Constitutional Affairs and Kingdom Relations.

An important autonomous agency of the ministry is the General Intelligence and Security Service.

History[edit]

The ministry was founded in 1798 as the department for internal policy and supervision on the state of water works in Batavian Republic. Since 1801 it has been named Ministry of the Interior, and some other responsibilities have been added to its name: Agriculture (1922-1932) and Kingdom Relations (1998-date). Between 1959 and 1998 a minister was given the portfolio of relations with Surinam, the Dutch Antilles and Aruba in addition to his other portfolios before that, there was a minister of Colonial Affairs, which was called Overseas Affairs after 1945.

List of Ministers of the Interior[edit]

For full list, see List of Ministers of the Interior of the Netherlands. (Dutch)

Minister of the Interior Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Pieter Cort van der Linden Pieter Cort van der Linden
(also Prime Minister)
August 29, 1913 –
September 9, 1918
None Pieter Cort van der Linden
(Cort van der Linden)
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(also Prime Minister)
September 9, 1918 –
August 4, 1925
RKSP Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(De Beerenbrouck I • II)
Dirk Jan de Geer Dirk Jan de Geer August 4, 1925 –
March 8, 1926
CHU Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
Jan Kan Jan Kan March 8, 1926 –
August 10, 1929
None Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(also Prime Minister)
August 10, 1929 –
May 26, 1933
RKSP Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(De Beerenbrouck III)
Jacob Adriaan de Wilde Jacob Adriaan de Wilde May 26, 1933 –
June 24, 1937
ARP Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn II • III)
Hendrik van Boeijen Hendrik van Boeijen
(also Minister of General Affairs)
June 24, 1937 –
May 31, 1944[Res]
CHU Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IV • V)
Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
Jaap Burger Jaap Burger May 31, 1944 –
January 27, 1945[Res]
SDAP Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy II)
Hendrik van Boeijen Hendrik van Boeijen
(ad interim, as
Minister of General Affairs)
January 27, 1945 –
February 23, 1945
CHU
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(also Prime Minister 1946–47)
February 23, 1945 –
September 15, 1947[Res]
KVP Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
Wim Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn-Drees)
Louis Beel
(Beel I)
Piet Witteman Piet Witteman September 15, 1947 –
August 7, 1948
KVP Louis Beel
(Beel I)
Johannes Henricus van Maarseveen Johannes Henricus van Maarseveen August 7, 1948 –
June 15, 1949[Res]
KVP Willem Drees
(Drees-Van Schaik)
Josef van Schaik Josef van Schaik
(ad interim, as
Deputy Prime Minister)
June 15, 1949 –
September 20, 1949
KVP
Frans Teulings Frans Teulings September 20, 1949 -
March 15, 1951
KVP
Johannes Henricus van Maarseveen Johannes Henricus van Maarseveen March 15, 1951 –
November 18, 1951[Died]
KVP Willem Drees
(Drees I)
Frans Teulings Frans Teulings
(ad interim, as
Deputy Prime Minister)
November 21, 1951 –
December 6, 1951
KVP
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(also Deputy Prime Minister 1952–56)
December 6, 1951 –
July 7, 1956[Res]
KVP Willem Drees
(Drees III)
Julius Christiaan van Oven Julius Christiaan van Oven
(ad interim, as
Minister of Justice)
July 7, 1956 –
October 13, 1956
PvdA Willem Drees
(Drees II)
Ko Suurhoff Ko Suurhoff
(ad interim, as
Minister of Social Affairs and Health)
October 13, 1956 –
October 29, 1956
PvdA Willem Drees
(Drees III)
Minister of the Interior,
Property and PBO
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Teun Struycken Teun Struycken
(also Deputy Prime Minister and
Minister of Justice 1958–59)
October 29, 1956 –
May 19, 1959
KVP Willem Drees
(Drees III)
Louis Beel
(Beel II)
Minister of the Interior Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Edzo Toxopeus Edzo Toxopeus May 19, 1959 –
April 14, 1965
VVD Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
Jan Smallenbroek Jan Smallenbroek April 14, 1965 –
August 31, 1966[Res]
ARP Jo Cals
(Cals)
Ivo Samkalden Ivo Samkalden
(ad interim, as
Minister of Justice)
August 31, 1966 –
September 5, 1966
PvdA
Koos Verdam Koos Verdam September 5, 1966 –
April 5, 1967
ARP Jo Cals
(Cals)
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
Henk Beernink Henk Beernink April 5, 1967 –
July 6, 1971
CHU Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
Molly Geertsema Molly Geertsema
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
July 6, 1971 –
May 11, 1973
VVD Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
Wilhelm Friedrich de Gaay Fortman Wilhelm Friedrich de Gaay Fortman
(also Deputy Prime Minister and
Minister of Justice, Sep.–Dec. 1977)
May 11, 1973 –
December 19, 1977
ARP Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
Hans Wiegel Hans Wiegel
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
December 19, 1977 –
September 11, 1981
VVD Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
Ed van Thijn Ed van Thijn September 11, 1981 –
May 29, 1982[Res]
PvdA Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
Max Rood (1982).jpg Max Rood May 29, 1982 –
November 4, 1982
D66 Dries van Agt
(Van Agt III)
Koos Rietkerk Koos Rietkerk November 4, 1982 –
February 20, 1986[Died]
VVD Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers I)
Frits Korthals Altes Frits Korthals Altes
(ad interim, as
Minister of Justice)
February 20, 1986 –
March 12, 1986
VVD
Rudolf de Korte Rudolf de Korte March 12, 1986 –
July 14, 1986
VVD
Kees van Dijk Kees van Dijk July 14, 1986 –
February 3, 1987
CDA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers II)
Kees van Dijk Jan de Koning
(ad interim)[1]
February 3, 1987 –
May 6, 1987
CDA
Kees van Dijk Kees van Dijk May 6, 1987 –
November 7, 1989
CDA
Ien Dales Ien Dales November 7, 1989 –
January 10, 1994[Died]
PvdA Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
Ernst Hirsch Ballin Ernst Hirsch Ballin
(also Minister of Justice)
January 10, 1994 –
January 18, 1994
CDA
Ed van Thijn Ed van Thijn January 18, 1994 –
May 27, 1994[Res]
PvdA
Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta May 27, 1994 –
August 22, 1994
CDA
Hans Dijkstal Hans Dijkstal
(also Deputy Prime Minister)
August 22, 1994 –
August 3, 1998
VVD Wim Kok
(Kok I)
Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Bram Peper Bram Peper August 3, 1998 –
March 13, 2000[Res]
PvdA Wim Kok
(Kok II)
Roger van Boxtel Roger van Boxtel
(ad interim)
March 13, 2000 –
March 24, 2000
D66
Klaas de Vries Klaas de Vries March 24, 2000 –
July 22, 2002
PvdA
Johan Remkes Johan Remkes
(also Deputy Prime Minister 2002–03)
July 22, 2002 –
February 22, 2007
VVD Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IIIIII)
Guusje ter Horst Guusje ter Horst February 22, 2007 –
February 23, 2010[Res]
PvdA Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende IV)
Ernst Hirsch Ballin Ernst Hirsch Ballin
(also Minister of Justice)
February 23, 2010 –
October 14, 2010
CDA
Piet Hein Donner Piet Hein Donner October 14, 2010 –
December 16, 2011[2]
CDA Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
Liesbeth Spies Liesbeth Spies December 16, 2011 –
November 5, 2012
CDA
Ronald Plasterk Ronald Plasterk November 5, 2012 – PvdA Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
Res. Resigned.
Died Died in office.
1 Jan de Koning served ad interim, while Kees van Dijk took medical leave of absence.
2 Appointed Vice President of the Council of State.

Living former Ministers of the Interior[edit]

Minister of the Interior Term Age
Hans Wiegel 1977-1981 (1941-07-41) July 41, 1941 (age 73)
Ed van Thijn 1981-1982, 1994 (1934-08-16) August 16, 1934 (age 80)
Frits Korthals Altes 1986 (1931-05-15) May 15, 1931 (age 83)
Rudolf de Korte 1986 (1936-07-08) July 8, 1936 (age 78)
Ernst Hirsch Ballin 1994, 2010 (1950-12-15) December 15, 1950 (age 63)
Bram Peper 1998-2000 (1940-02-13) February 13, 1940 (age 74)
Roger van Boxtel 2000 (1954-02-08) February 8, 1954 (age 60)
Klaas de Vries 2000-2002 (1943-04-28) April 28, 1943 (age 71)
Johan Remkes 2002-2007 (1951-06-15) June 15, 1951 (age 63)
Guusje ter Horst 2007–2010 (1952-03-22) March 22, 1952 (age 62)
Piet Hein Donner 2010-2011 (1948-10-20) October 20, 1948 (age 65)
Liesbeth Spies 2011-2012 (1966-04-06) April 6, 1966 (age 48)
Ronald Plasterk 2012- (1957-04-12) April 12, 1957 (age 57)

List of Ministers without Portfolio for the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations[edit]

Minister Term of office Party Portfolio Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Josef van Schaik Josef van Schaik August 7, 1948 –
March 15, 1951
KVP Future structure of the Kingdom
Deputy Prime Minister
Willem Drees
(Drees-Van Schaik)
Frans Teulings Frans Teulings March 15, 1951 –
September 2, 1952
KVP Civil defense and Civil protection
Deputy Prime Minister
Willem Drees
(Drees I)
Guus Albregts Guus Albregts March 15, 1951 –
September 2, 1952
KVP The Middle Class, PBO
and Productivity promotion
Adrianus Cornelis de Bruijn Adrianus Cornelis de Bruijn September 2, 1952 –
October 13, 1956
KVP PBO Willem Drees
(Drees II)
Roger van Boxtel Roger van Boxtel August 3, 1998 –
July 22, 2002
D66 Large Cities and Integration Wim Kok
(Kok II)
Thom de Graaf Thom de Graaf May 27, 2003 –
March 23, 2005[Res]
D66 Government Reform and Kingdom Relations
Deputy Prime Minister
Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende II)
Alexander Pechtold Alexander Pechtold March 31, 2005 –
July 3, 2006[Res]
D66 Government Reform and Kingdom Relations
Atzo Nicolaï Atzo Nicolaï July 7, 2006 –
February 22, 2007
VVD Government Reform and Kingdom Relations Jan Peter Balkenende
(Balkenende III)
Gerd Leers Gerd Leers October 14, 2010 –
November 5, 2012
CDA Immigration, Integration and Asylum Affairs Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
Stef Blok Stef Blok November 5, 2012 – VVD Housing and Civil Service Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
Res. Resigned.

Living former Ministers without Portfolio for the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations[edit]

Minister of the Interior Term Age
Roger van Boxtel 1998-2002 (1954-02-08) February 8, 1954 (age 60)
Thom de Graaf 2003-2005 (1957-06-11) June 11, 1957 (age 57)
Alexander Pechtold 2005-2006 (1965-12-16) December 16, 1965 (age 48)
Atzo Nicolaï 2006-2007 (1960-02-22) February 22, 1960 (age 54)
Gerd Leers 2010-2012 (1951-07-12) July 12, 1951 (age 63)
Stef Blok 2012- (1964-12-10) December 10, 1964 (age 49)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) VII Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, Rijksoverheid, September 18, 2012

External links[edit]